‘The Edification of the Church’: Richard Hooker’s Theology of Worship and the Protestant Inward / Outward Disjunction

Open access

ABSTRACT

Sixteenth-century English Protestants struggled with the legacy left them by the Lutheran reformation: a strict disjunction between inward and outward that hindered the development of a robust theology of worship. For Luther, outward forms of worship had more to do with the edification of the neighbour than they did with pleasing God. But what exactly did ‘edification’ mean? On the one hand, English Protestants sought to avoid the Roman Catholic view that certain elements of worship held an intrinsic spiritual value; on the other hand, many did not want to imply that forms of worship were spiritually arbitrary and had a merely civil value. Richard Hooker developed his theology of worship in response to this challenge, seeking to maintain a clear distinction between the inward worship of the heart and the outward forms of public worship, while refusing to disassociate the two. The result was a concept of edification which sought to do justice to both civil and spiritual concerns, without, pace Peter Lake and other scholars, conceding an inch to a Catholic theology of worship

Bancroft, R (1589) A Sermon preached at Paules Crosse the 8. of Februarie, being the first Sunday in the Parleament, Anno. 1588. by Richard Bancroft D. of Divinitie, and Chaplaine to the right Honorable Sir Christopher Hatton Knight L. Chancelor of England. London: E. B. [Edward Bollifant] for Gregorie Seton.

Calvin, J (1960) Institutes of the Christian Religion, volumes 1-2. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press.

Cartwright, T (1574) A Replye to an Answere Made of M. Doctor Whitgift… Agaynste the Admonition. s. l., n. p.

Cartwright, T (1575) The Second Replie of Thomas Cartwright: Agaynst Master Doctor Whitgifts Second Answer Touching the Church Discipline. Heidelberg: n. p.

Cartwright, T (1577) The Reste of the Second Replie: Agaynst Master Doctor Whitgifts Second Answer Touching the Church Discipline. Basel: n. p.

Coolidge, JS (1970) The Pauline Renaissance in England: Puritanism and the Bible. Oxford: Clarendon Cranz, FE (1959) An Essay on the Development of Luther’s Thought on Justice, Law and Society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Eppley, D (2007) Defending Royal Supremacy and Discerning God’s Will in Tudor England. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Gardiner, S (1930) Obedience in Church and State: Three Political Tracts by Stephen Gardiner. Cambridge, Cambridge: University Press.

Hooker, R (1977a) The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity. In Hill, WS and Edelen, G (eds) The Folger Library Edition of the Works of Richard Hooker, volume 1. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Hooker, R (1977b) The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity. In Hill, WS (ed) The Folger Library Edition of the Works of Richard Hooker, volume 2. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Ingalls, R (2008) Sin and Grace. In Kirby, WJT (ed) A Companion to Richard Hooker. Leiden: Brill, pp. 151-84.

Joyce, AJ (2012) Richard Hooker and Anglican Moral Theology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kirby, WJT (1990) Richard Hooker’s Doctrine of the Royal Supremacy. Leiden: Brill.

Kirby, WJT (1997) Richard Hooker as an Apologist of the Magisterial Reformation in England. In McGrade, AS (ed) Richard Hooker and the Construction of Christian Community. Tempe, AZ: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, pp. 219-33.

Kirby, WJT (1999) Richard Hooker’s Theory of Natural Law in the Context of Reformation Theology. The Sixteenth Century Journal 30(3): 681-703.

Kirby, WJT (2005) Richard Hooker, Reformer and Platonist. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Kirby, WJT (2011a) Calvin and the Public Sphere. In Topping, RR and Vissers, JA (eds) Calvin@500: Theology, History, and Practice. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, pp. 52-66.

Kirby, WJT (2011b) From ‘Generall Meditations’ to ‘Particular Decisions’: The Augustinian Coherence of Richard Hooker’s Political Theology. In Sturges, RS (ed) Law and Sovereignty in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 41-63.

Lake, P (1988) Anglicans and Puritans? Presbyterianism and English Conformist Thought From Whitgift to Hooker. London: Unwin Hyman.

Lake, P (2001) Business as Usual? The Immediate Reception of Hooker’s Ecclesiastical Polity. The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 52(3): 456-86.

Lake, P (2003) ‘The Anglican moment?’ Richard Hooker and the Ideological Watershed of the 1590s. In Platten, S (ed) Anglicanism and the Western Christian Tradition: Continuity, Change and the Search for Communion. Norwich: Canterbury, pp. 90-121.

Lewis, CS (1954) English Literature in the Sixteenth Century, Excluding Drama. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Littlejohn, WB (2014a) Bancroft v. Penry: Conscience and Authority in Elizabethan Polemics. In Kirby, WJT (ed) A Companion to Paul’s Cross. Leiden: Brill, pp. 327-42.

Littlejohn, WB (2014b) The Search for a Reformed Hooker: Some Modest Proposals. Reformation & Renaissance Review, forthcoming.

Luther, M (1957) Luther’s Works: American Edition, volume 31: Career of the Reformer I. St. Louis, MN: Concordia Publishing House.

Luther, M (1960) Luther’s Works: American Edition, volume 35: Word and Sacrament I.

Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.

Parker, M (1566) A Briefe Examination for the Tyme, of a Certaine Declaration, Lately Put in Print in the Name and Defence of Certaine Ministers in London, Refusyng to Weare the Apparell Prescribed by the Lawes and Orders of the Realme: In the Ende Is Reported, the Iudgement of Two Notable Learned Fathers, M. Doctour Bucer, and M. Doctour Martir… Translated Out of the Originals, Written by Theyr Owne Handes, Purposely Debatyng This Controuersie. London: Richarde Iugge, printer to the Queenes Maiestie.

Perrott, MEC (1998) Richard Hooker and the Problem of Authority in the Elizabethan Church. Journal of Ecclesiastical History 49(1): 29-60.

Porter, HC (1972) Hooker, the Tudor Constitution, and the Via Media. In Hill, WS (ed) Studies in Richard Hooker: Essays Preliminary to an Edition of His Works. Cleveland, OH: Press of Case Western Reserve University, pp. 77-116.

Starkey, T (1573) Exhortation to Unitie and Obedience. Facsimile reprint. Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum.

Thompson, WDJC (1969) The ‘Two Kingdoms’ and the ‘Two Regiments’: Some Problems of Luther’s Zwei-Reiche-Lehre. The Journal of Theological Studies 20(1): 164-85.

Turrell, JF (2008) Uniformity and Common Prayer. In Kirby, WJT (ed) A Companion to Richard Hooker. Leiden: Brill, pp. 337-68.

VanDrunen, D (2010) Natural Law and the Two Kingdoms: A Study in the Development of Reformed Social Thought. Grand Rapidsm, MI: Eerdmans.

Verkamp, BJ (1975) The Limits Upon Adiaphoristic Freedom: Luther and Melanchthon. The Journal of Theological Studies 36(1): 52-76.

Voak, N (2003) Richard Hooker and Reformed Theology: A Study of Reason, Will, and Grace. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Whitgift, J (1849) The Works of John Whitgift, volumes 1-3. Cambridge: The Parker Society.

Perichoresis

The Theological Journal of Emanuel University

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.05

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.138
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.159



Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 209 209 19
PDF Downloads 85 85 12