Mapping Sport for Development and Peace as Bourdieu’s Field

Open access

Abstract

Over the past two decades, there has been a growing interest in the use of sport and other forms of physical activity to reach development goals and to support peace-building and peace-keeping processes. The sport for development and peace (SDP) sector is continuously growing in terms of the types of stakeholders involved and the number of projects implemented.

This paper examines the SDP sector using Bourdieu’s field theory and his concept of habitus and capital. For this, a qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with 10 people involved in SDP was used. Their perception of the stakeholders in the field and the connections between them are analyzed through the lens of field theory. The analysis particularly focuses on the perceived role of the former United Nations Office of Sport for Development and Peace (UNOSDP), which was closed during the data analysis.

Bourdieu, P. (1978). Sport and social class. Social Science Information, 17(6), 819–840.

Bourdieu, P. (1984). A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Translated by Richard Nice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education (pp. 241–258). New York, NY: Greenwood.

Bourdieu, P. (1993). Sociology in Question. London, UK: Sage.

Bourdieu, P. (1994). Texts of Sociology. Athens, Greece: Delfini.

Bourdieu, P. (2005). The political field, the social science field, and the journalistic field. In R. Benson & É. Neveu (Eds.), Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field (pp. 29–47). Cambridge, UK: Polity.

Braun, V. & Clarke, C. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 77–101.

Burnett, C. (2015). Assessing the sociology of sport: On Sport for Development and Peace. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 50(4-5), 385–390.

Coakley, J. (2011). Youth sports: What counts as “positive development?” Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 20(10), 1–19.

Coalter, F. (2007). Sports clubs, social capital and social regeneration: “Ill-defined interventions with hard to follow outcomes”? Sport in Society, 10(4), 537–559.

Coalter, F. (2010). Sport for Development – Limited focus programmes and broad gauge problems. In W. Tokarski & K. Petry (Eds.), Handbuch Sportpolitik (pp. 311–331). Schorndorf, Germany: Hormann-Verlag.

Coalter, F. (2015). Sport-for-Change: Some thoughts from a sceptic. Social Inclusion, 3(3), 19–23.

Cornelissen, S. (2011). More than a sporting chance? Appraising the sport for development legacy of the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Third World Quarterly, 32(3), 503–29.

Creswell, J.W. (2012). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cronin, Ó. (2011). Comic Relief Review - Mapping the research on the impact of Sport and Development interventions. Retrieved September 21, 2018, from http://www.orlacronin.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Comic-relief-research-mapping-v14.pdf.

Dienes, E. (2012). Perspectives of the United Nations on sport as a tool for promoting peace. In K. Gilbert & W. Bennett (Eds.), Sport, Peace & Development (pp. 39–51). Champaign, IL: Common Ground Publishing LLC.

Giulianotti, R. (2011a). Sport, peacemaking and conflict resolution: A contextual analysis and modelling of the sport, development and peace sector. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 34(2), 207–228.

Giulianotti, R. (2011b). The sport, development and peace sector: A model of four social policy domains. Journal of Social Policy, 40(4), 757–776.

International Olympic Committee. (2017, May 5). IOC welcomes enhancement of close cooperation with the United Nations [News]. Retrieved September 25, 2018, from https://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-welcomes-enhancement-of-close-cooperation-with-the-united-nations.

The International Platform on Sport and Development. (2018, January). Connect page. Retrieved January 21, 2019, from https://www.sportanddev.org/en/connect

Keim, M. (2012). Networking for sport and peace. In K. Gilbert & W. Bennett (Eds.), Sport, Peace & Development (pp. 101–113). Champaign, IL: Common Ground Publishing LLC.

Levermore, R. & Beacom, A. (2012). Opportunities, limitations, questions. In R. Levermore & A. Beacom (Eds.), Sport and International Development (pp. 246–268). Basingtoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Mandela, N. (2000, May 25). Speech at the Inaugural Laureus Lifetime Achievement Award 2000. Sporting Club Monte Carlo, Monaco. Retrieved September 25, 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GdopyAFP0DI&t=108s

Right To Play. (2017, May 15). Our Beginning... [Home page]. Retrieved September 25, 2018, from http://www.righttoplay.ca/Learn/ourstory/Pages/Who-we-are.aspx

Schnitzer, M., Stephenson Jr., M., Zanotti, L., & Stivachtis, Y. (2013). Theorizing the role of sport for development and peacebuilding. Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, 16(5), 595–610.

Schulenkorf, N., Sherry, E., & Rowe, K. (2016). Sport for development: An integrated literature review. Journal of Sport Management, 30(1), 22–39.

Skille, E.Å. (2016). The Norwegian sporting field reconsidered – the application of Bourdieu’s field theory on a pluralistic and blurred world. European Journal for Sport and Society, 4(2), 103–115.

Skinner, J., Zakus, D.H., & Cowell, J. (2008). Development through sport: Building social capital in disadvantaged communities. Sport Management Review, 11(3), 253–275.

Sport for Development and Peace International Working Group. (2008). Harnessing the Power of Sport for Development and Peace: Recommendations to Governments. Toronto, Canada: Right To Play.

Sugden, J. (2010). Critical left-realism and sport interventions in divided societies. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 45(3), 258–272.

Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. (2005). Sport for development and peace – the development policy context. Retrieved September 24, 2018, from http://schwery.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/sdc_sport_magglingen2005_eng.pdf

Tomlinson, A. (2004). Pierre Bourdieu and the sociological study of sport: Habitus, capital and field. In R. Giulianotti (Ed.), Sport and Modern Social Theorists (pp. 161–172). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2016). Strategy on education for health and well-being: Contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals. Retrieved September 25, 2018, from UNESCO website: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002464/246453e.pdf

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2017). Kazan Action Plan. The Ministers meeting at the Sixth International Conference of Ministers and Senior Officials Responsible for Physical Education and Sport (MINEPS VI). July 13-15, 2017. Kazan, Russia. Retrieved September 22, 2018, from UNESCO website: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0025/002527/252725E.pdf

United Nations General Assembly. (1993). A/RES/48/11. New York, NY: United Nations.

United Nations General Assembly. (2016). A/71/L.38. New York, NY: United Nations.

United Nations Office on Sport for Development and Peace. (2017, May 15). Overview [Home page]. Retrieved September 25, 2017, from https://www.un.org/sport/content/why-sport/overview.

United Nations Office on Sport for Development and Peace. (2015). Annual Report 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2018, from https://www.un.org/sport/sites/www.un.org.sport/files/ckfiles/files/UNOSDP%20Annual%20Report%202014%20web(1).pdf.

Webb, J. (2012). The logic of practice: Art, the academy, and fish out of water. Text, SpecIssue, (14), 1–16.

Welty Peachey, J., Cohen, A., & Musser, A. (2016). “A phone call changed my life”: Exploring the motivations of sport for development and peace scholars. Journal of Sport for Development, 4(7), 58–70.

World Health Organization. (2011). Closing the gap: Policy into practice on social determinants of health discussion paper. Retrieved September 23, 2018, from http://www.who.int/sdhconference/Discussion-paper-EN.pdf.

Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research

The Journal of Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw

Journal Information

CiteScore 2018: 0.3

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.201
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.333

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 273 273 78
PDF Downloads 244 244 68