The purpose of this paper is to offer a conceptualization of leisure that can help us understand what constitutes as leisure and how leisure is attained in a highly regimented context such as elite hockey. Leisure researchers are unable to agree on a definition of leisure that best represents the field, which is perhaps why leisure has lost its significance within contemporary academia. In this paper, a conceptualization is provided that was developed through research on Junior level ice hockey players. Junior level hockey has a highly structured and professionalized regiment but yet, leisure is still attainable for players despite having little control over their involvement. Traditional definitions of leisure do not capture what it means to be in leisure even though theoretically Junior level hockey players are considered to be in serious leisure as amateurs. Thus, this paper can help justify and lets us understand how leisure is attained in Junior level hockey.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Beatty J.E. & Torbert W.R. (2003). The False Duality of Work and Leisure. Journal of Management Inquiry 12(3) 239-252. Doi:10.1177/1056492603256340
Blackshaw T. (2010). Leisure (Key Ideas). New York NY: Routledge.
Brightbill C.K. (1960). The Challenge of Leisure. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Clawson M. & Knetsch J.L. (1974). Leisure in Modern America. In J. F. Murphy (Ed.) Concepts of Leisure. Englewood Cliffs NJ Prentice-Hall 78-90.
Deci E.L. Eghrari H. Patrick B.C. & Leone D.R. (1994). Facilitating internalization: The self-determination theory perspective. Journal of Personality 62(1) 119–142. Doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.1994.tb00797.x
Deci E.L. & Ryan R.M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry 11(4) 227–268. Doi:10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01
Dumazedier J. (1974). Leisure and The Social System. In J. F. Murphy (Ed.) Concepts of Leisure. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Elkington S. & Stebbins R.A. (2014). The serious leisure perspective: An introduction. New York NY: Routledge.
Fairchild H. (1970). Dictionary of Sociology. Westport CN: Greenwood Press.
Giddens A. (1964). Notes on the concept of play and leisure. Sociological Review 12(1) 73-89. Doi:10.1111/j.1467-954X.1964.tb01247.x
Gist N.P. & Fava S.F. (1964). Urban Society. New York NY: Crowell.
Godbey G. (1985). Leisure in Your Life. State College PA: Venture.
Gray D.E. (1971). This Alien Thing Called Leisure. Paper presented at Oregon State University Corvallis Oregon 8 July quoted in J. F. Murphy (Ed.) Concepts of Leisure. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.