Sport presents itself as a social configuration that enhances social inclusion by promoting tolerance, respect for others, cooperation, loyalty and friendship, and values associated with fair play, the most important ethical principles of sport. However, intolerance and exclusion can also be expressed in sport, certainly even more so the bigger the social inequalities and the ethnic, religious, gender, disability, and sexual orientation prejudices are in society. The processes of social exclusion, integration, and inclusion are research areas in the social sciences with consolidated knowledge, namely in the study of the problems of poverty, social inequalities, racial and ethnic discrimination, disability, and education. However, it is necessary to discuss the existing theoretical approaches and conceptions seen as explanatory principles of the reality of these fields of analysis, look at how they can frame the reality on the sports field, and then confirm them through empirical research in order to produce knowledge based on the reality of social facts. Despite the broad consensus on the potential of sport in promoting social inclusion, in this paper I stress that this potential can only become real if the orientation of sport includes strategies aimed at achieving these goals. I intend to show how the –social issue‖ in the field of sports has gained relevance in the institutional context, and thereby a new field of research for the social science of sport has been opened and needs to be deepened.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
B Almeida, J. (2011). O Capital Social. Lisboa: INCM.
Arnold, P.J. (1998). Sport, Ethics and Education (2). London: Cassel.
Bourdieu, P. (1979). La Distinction Critique Sociale du Jugement. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit.
Bourdieu, P. (1980). Le capital social: notes provisoires. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, 31, 2-3.
Bourdieu, P. (1985). The forms of capital. In J.G. Richardson (org.), Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education (pp. 241-58). Nova Iorque: Greenwood.
Castel, R. (1998). As Metamorfoses da Questão Social (9.ª Edição). Petrópolis: Editora Vozes.
Dauncey, H., & Hare, G. (Eds.) (1999). France and the 1998 World Cup: The National Impact of a World Sporting Event. London: Frank Cass.
Durkheim, É. (1975). Religion, Morale, Anomie, Textes 2. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit.
Elias, N., & Dunning, E. (1986). Quest for Excitement. Sport and Leisure in the Civilising Process. Oxford: Blackwell.
Finn, G.P.T., & Giulianotti R. (Eds.) (2000). Football Culture. Local Contests, Global Visions. London: Frank Cass.
Friedman, J. (2000). Cultural Identity e Global Process (4th Edition). London: Sage Publication.
Giulianotti, R., & Robertson, R. (Eds.) (2007). Globalization and Sport. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Haudenhuyse, R., Theeboom, M. & Nols, Z. (2012). Sports-based interventions for socially vulnerable youth: Towards well-defined interventions with easy-to-follow outcomes?. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 48(4), 471-484.
Hylton, K. (2009). 'Race' and Sport. Critical Race Theory. London: Routledge.
Kassimeris, C. (2008). European Football in Black and White. Tackling Racism in Football. Lanham: Lexington Books.
Maffesoli, M. (1988). Le temps des tribus. Le déclin de l‟individualisme dans les sociétés postmodernes. Paris: La Table Ronde.
Marivoet, S. (1997a). Investimentos sociais em carreiras desportivas. Revista Horizonte, 76, 26-31.
Marivoet, S. (1997b). Dinâmicas sociais nos envolvimentos desportivos. Sociologia Problemas e Práticas, 23, 101-113.
Marivoet, S. (2006a). Euro 2004TM Um evento global em Portugal. Lisboa: Livros Horizonte.
Marivoet, S. (2006b). UEFA Euro 2004TM Portugal: The social construction of a sports mega-event and spectacle. In J.
Horne & W. Manzenreiter (Eds.), Sports Mega-Events. Social Scientific Analyses of a Global Phenomenon (pp. 127-143). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Marivoet, S. (2010). Sociological Approach on Sports Ethics in a Context of Social Change. Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research, 49, 39-52.
Marivoet, S. (2012). Inclusão Social no e pelo Desporto. Um Desafio do Século XXI. In P. M. Pinto (Coord.) Olímpico.Os Jogos num Percurso de Valores e de Significados (pp. 89-96). Porto: Edições Afrontamento.
Miller, T., Lawrence, G., McKay, J. & Rowe D. (2001). Globalization and Sport. London: Sage Publications.