Reducing Flood Risk using Computer System for Monitoring River Embankments

Open access


In order to learn about the phenomena occurring in flood embankment under the influence of external factors, including the increasing water level in the river during floods, a Computer System for Monitoring River Embankment (ISMOP) was developed using an experimental flood embankment. The project was carried out by a consortium consisting of AGH University of Science and Technology departments (Computer Science, Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, Geoinformatics and Applied Computer Science and two companies (NEOSENTIO and SWECO Hydroprojekt Kraków) in co-operation with the Czernichów Community Council.

An experimental flood embankment was built with two parallel sections with a length of 150 m and a height of 4.5 m, connected by a meandering, creating a reservoir that can be filled with water. For the construction of the embankment, different types of soils were used in all the five sections. Inside the flood embankment 1300 sensors are placed, including sensors for temperature, pore pressure, vertical displacements, as well as inclinometers. Also fiber optic strands, capable of measuring the temperature of the flood embankment on the upstream side, are located inside the experimental embankment [].

Together with the real experiments, numerical modelling using the Itasca Flac 2D 7.0 was performed in order to describe the impact of water pressing on the flood embankment and the impact of increasing and decreasing reservoir water level on the phenomena that occur within the embankment.

The results of modelling compared with the real sensor data allowed the evaluation of the current and future state of the embankment. Based on the data measured by the sensors and data received during the numerical modelling, a group of algorithms that allowed detection of anomaly phenomena was developed.

BORECKA A., KORZEC K., STANISZ J. 2017. SMART LEVEE in Poland : ful-scale monitoring experimental study of levees by different methods, Computer Science Journal, in press.

BORYS M. 2007. Przepisy i wymogi oraz aktualny stan obwałowań przeciwpowodziowych w Polsce. Woda-Środowisko-Obszary Wiejskie 7, 2a (20):25-44.

BUDOKOP website:

CHUCHRO M., LUPA M., PIĘTA A., PIÓRKOWSKI A., LEŚNIAK A. 2014. A concept of time windows length selection in stream databases in the context of sensor networks monitoring. New trends in database and information systems II: 173–183.

CHUCHRO M., PIĘTA A., DWORNIK M., LEŚNIAK A. 2016. Big Data processing strategy for hybrid interpretation of flood embankment multisensor data. Geology, Geophysics and Environment 42, 3: 269-278.

DWORNIK M., FRANCZYK A., LEŚNIAK A., KRAWIEC K. 2016. Influence of initial water saturation in earthen levees on results of numerical modelling of infiltration processes. Proceedings of CGW Workshop’16: 23-24.

DWORNIK M., FRANCZYK A., LEŚNIAK A., KRAWIEC K. 2017. Influence of initial water saturation in earthen levees on results of numerical modelling of infiltration processes, Computer Science, in press.

FRANCZYK A., DWORNIK M., LEŚNIAK A. 2016. Numerical modelling of the impact of flood wave cyclicality on the stability of levees. FLOODrisk.7: 1–6.

HABRAT M., LUPA M., CHUCHRO M., LESNIAK A. 2015. A Decision Support System for Emergency Flood Embankment Stability. Procedia Computer Science 51: 2957–2961.

ISMOP: project website.

ITASCA CONSULTING GROUP: FLAC Fast Lagrangian Analysis Itasca Consulting Group: FLAC Fast Lagrangian Analysis of Continua and FLAC/Slope O Users Manual, 2011.

KRET E. 2015. ISMOP Internal Raport, Task 2.2.

MOŚCICKI J.W., BANIA G., ĆWIKLIK M., BORECKA A. 2014. DC resistivity studies of shallow geology in the vicinity of Vistula river flood bank in Czernichów Village (near Kraków in Poland). Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica 36, 1: 63–70.

NEOSTRAIN webpage:

PIĘTA A., KRAWIEC K. 2015. Random set method application to flood embankment stability modelling, Procedia Computer Science 51: 2668–2677.

PIĘTA A., DWORNIK M., 2014. Analysis of boundary conditions offset for the accuracy of the numerical modeling of the levees, International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM: 457–464.

PN-B-12095, 1997. Urządzenia wodno-melioracyjne. Nasypy. Wymagania i badania przy odbiorze.

PYAYT A.L., SHEVCHENKO D.V., KOZIONOV A.P., MOKHOV I.I., LANG B., KRZHIZHANOVSKAYA V. V., SLOOT P.M.A., 2015. Combining Data-Driven Methods with Finite Element Analysis for Flood Early Warning Systems, Procedia Computer Science 51: 2347-2356.

STANISZ J., BORECKA A., LEŚNIAK A., ZIELIŃSKI K. 2014. Wybrane systemy monitorujące obwałowania przeciwpowodziowe 62, 10/2: 699-703.

STANISZ J., KORZEC K., BORECKA A. 2015. ISMOP Project (IT system of levee monitoring) as an example of integrated monitoring of levee. Geology, Geophysics and Environment 41, 1: 137-139.

ŻBIKOWSKI A. (Edditor) 1982. Wały przeciwpowodziowe – wytyczne instruktażowe projektowania. A. Melior. Rol. 2–3: 1-49.

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.26

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.137
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.211


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 162 125 5
PDF Downloads 92 82 6