The investigations aimed at determining the lead content in domestic cat hair as an indicator of environmental lead contamination. The investigation material comprised hair samples collected from 20 cats from the region of Warsaw. The first group of 10 cats (five males and five females) were kept at home as the accompanying animals. Another group (five males and five females) were the so-called feral urban cats whose nutritional base comprised human food wastes. Hair samples were collected from the middle abdominal region prior to routine surgical treatments. The lead content was determined with the help of the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry method.
A significant effect of the conditions of animal life on the lead content in their hair was observed. The mean content of metal in hair of all the investigated cats amounted to 1.95 mg • kg−1. The highest lead concentration in free living animals was 2.89 mg • kg−1 (females: 3.58; males: 2.20 mg • kg−1). In cats kept as accompanying animals, the mean lead value was nearly three times lower (1 mg • kg−1) (females: 0.98; males: 1.02 mg • kg−1).
In the coat of animals living as urban feral cats, a significantly higher mean lead concentration was observed than in cats kept at home. The values are similar to those obtained in the analysis of the lead content in carnivorous animals originating from the non-urbanised areas.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
BEERNAERT J SCHEIRS J LEIRS H BLUST R VERHAGEN R. 2007. Non-destructive pollution exposure assessment by means of wood mice hair. Environmental Pollution 145: 443-51.
CURI N.H. BRAIT C.H.H. FILHO N.R.A. TALAMONI S.A. 2012. Heavy metals in hair of wild canids from the Brazilian Cerrado. Biological Trace Element Research147: 97-102.
D’HAVE H. SCHEIRS J. MUBIANA V.K. VERHAGEN R. BLUST R. DE COEN W. 2005. Nondestructive pollution exposure assessment in the European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus): I. Relationship between concentrations of metals and arsenic in the hair spines and soil. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 24: 2356–64.
DUNNETT M. LEES P. 2003. Trace element toxin and drug elimination in hair with particular reference to the horse. Research in Veterinary Science 75: 89-101.
HUNTER B. JOHNSON M. THOMPSON D. 1989. Ecotoxicology of copper and cadmium in a contaminated grassland ecosystem IV: tissue distribution and age accumulation in small mammals. Journal of Applied Ecology 26: 89–99.
IERADI L.A CRISTALDI M. MASCANZONI D. CARDARELLI E. GROSSI R. CAMPANELLA L. 1996. Genetic damage in urban mice exposed to traffic pollution. Environmental Pollution 92: 323-328.
JAKUBOWSKI M. MAREK K. PIOTROWSKI J.K. IŻYCKI J.1997. Zalecenia dotyczące rozpoznawania i profilaktyki medycznej ołowicy. Instytut Medycyny Pracy Łódź
KOMARNICKI G.J.K. 2000. Tissue sex and age specific accumulation of heavy metals (Zn Cu Pb Cd) by populations of the mole (Talpa europaea L.) in a central urban area. Chemosphere 10:1593-1602.
KOŚLA T. 1999. Biologiczne i chemiczne zanieczyszczenia produktów rolniczych. Wyd. SGGW Warszawa
KOŚLA T. SKIBNIEWSKA E.M.2010. The content of aluminum in the hair of Yorkshire terrier dogs from the Warsaw area depending on sex age and keeping conditions. Trace Elements and Electrolytes 27: (4) 209-213.
KOŚLA T. SKIBNIEWSKA E.M. SKIBNIEWSKI M. 2011a. The state of bioelements in the hair of free- ranging European bisons from Bialowieża Primeval Forest. Polish Journal of Veterinary Science 14: (1) 81-86.
KOŚLA T. SKIBNIEWSKA E.M. SKIBNIEWSKI M. 2011b. Nickel content in the coat of cats depending on their keeping conditions. Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy 55: (1) 149-153.
KOŚLA T. SKIBNIEWSKA E.M. SKIBNIEWSKI M. URBAŃSKA-SŁOMKA G. 2012. Magnesium concentrations in the tissues of free-ranging European bison. Magnesium Research. 25: (2) 99-103.
KOŚLA T. SKIBNIEWSKI M. SKIBNIEWSKA E. URBAŃSKA-SŁOMKA G. 2004. The zinc status in free living European bisons. Acta Alimentaria 33: (3) 269-273.
KRZYWY I. KRZYWY E. PASTUSZAK-GABINOWSKA M. BRODKIEWICZ A. 2010. Ołów- czy jest się czego obawiać? Roczniki Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej 56: (2) 118-128.
LUFTL S. FREITAG D. DEUTZ A. TATARUCH F. 2003. Concentration of heavy metals in European bats (Microchiroptera). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 12 353-358.
MCLEAN C. M. KOLLER C.E. RODGER J.C. MACFARLANE G.R.2009.Mammalian hair as an accumulative bioindicator of metal bioavailability in Australian terrestrial environments. Science of the Total Environment 407: 3588-3596.
PILARCZYK B. HENDZEL D. PILARCZYK R. TOMZA-MARCINIAK A. BŁASZCZYK B. DĄBROWSKA-WIECZOREK M. BĄKOWSKA M. ADAMOWICZ E. BUJAK T. 2010.Liver and kidney concentrations of selenium in wild boars (Sus scrofa) from northwestern Poland. European Journal of Wildlife Research 55 797-802.
PILARCZYK B. TOMZA-MARCINIAK A. PILARCZYK R. HENDZEL D. BŁASZCZYK B. BĄKOWSKA M. 2011. Tissue distribution of selenium and effect of season and age on selenium content in roe deer from northwestern Poland. Biological Trace Element Research 140 299-307.
RASHED M.N. SOLTAN M.E. 2005. Animal hair as biological indicator for heavy metal pollution in urban and rural areas. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 110: 41- 53.
RAUTIO A. KUNNASRANTA M. VALTONEN A. IKONEN M. HYVARINEN H. HOLOPAINEN I.J. KUKKONEN J.V.K. 2010. Sex age and tissue specific accumulation of eight metals arsenic and selenium in the European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 59: 642-651.
SANNA E. FLORIS G. VALLASCAS E. 2008. Town and gender effects on hair lead levels in children from three Sardinian towns (Italy) with different environmental backgrounds. Biological Trace Element Research124: 52-59.
SKIBNIEWSKA E.M. KOŚLA T. SKIBNIEWSKI M. 2013: The impact of health state and age on zinc concentrations in liver kidney and skeletal muscles of the female domestic canine. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 22: (4) 1003-1007.
SKIBNIEWSKA E.M. SKIBNIEWSKI M. KOŚLA T. 2012: Dependence between Cu concentration in the liver kidneys and skeletal muscles of canine females. Central European Journal of Biology 7: (5) 817-824.
SKIBNIEWSKA E.M. SKIBNIEWSKI M. KOŚLA T. URBAŃSKA-SŁOMKA G. 2011. Hair zinc levels in pet and feral cats (Felis catus). Journal of Elementology 3: 481-488.
SKIBNIEWSKI M. KOŚLA T. SKIBNIEWSKA E.M. 2010. Manganese status in free ranging European bisons from Białowieża primeval forest. Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy 54: (3) 429-432.
TOMZA-MARCINIAK A. PILARCZYK B. BĄKOWSKA M. LIGOCKI M. GAIK M. 2012. Lead cadmium and other metals in serum of pet dogs from an urban area of NW Poland. Biological Trace Element Research 149: 345-351.
TOMZA-MARCINIAK A. PILARCZYK B. BĄKOWSKA M. PILARCZYK R. WÓJCIK J. MARCINIAK A. HENDZEL D. 2011. Relationship between selenium and selected heavy metals concentration in serum of cattle from a non-polluted area. Biological Trace Element Research 144: 517-524.