Evaluation of knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Tîrgu Mures

Open access

Abstract

Early recognition and intervention in sudden cardiac arrest is crucial for survival. The majority of these cases happen at the victims’ home or in public places, and the first person to act is usually a bystander. The purpose of this study was to assess and to compare bystander’s and third-year medical students’ (who attended first aid courses and training as first year students) knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Tîrgu Mureş. Material and methods: We used a questionnaire, which included 28 questions and was filled in voluntarily by 335 people. We investigated previous cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) experience, willingness to help in an emergency situation and basic knowledge about CPR techniques. Results: Only 15% of bystanders were trained in CPR. The majority (94%) of them knew when they have to resuscitate a person and the correct position the person be in. The location of chest compressions was known by 39% of bystanders and by 78% of third-year medical students, the exact rate of chest compressions by 14% of bystanders and by 66% of medical students. 49% of bystanders had driving license, and even though first aid training was required at driving school, their knowledge was barely better than those who did not have one. Conclusions: Bystander’s knowledge on cardiopulmonary resuscitation is generally poor. To improve it, CPR training courses are needed in the community.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Wilkins E Wilson L Wickramasinghe K Bhatnagar P Leal J Fernandez- Luengo R et al. European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics 2017. European Heart Network. 2017 Available from: http://www.ehnheart.org/cvd-statistics/cvd-statistics-2017.html [Accessed 2017 November 15]

  • 2. Ibrahim WH. Recent advances and controversies in adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Postgrad Med J. 200783:649-654

  • 3. Gräsner JT Lefering R Koster RW Masterson S Böttiger BW Herlitz J et al. A prospective one months analysis of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes in 27 countries in Europe. Resuscitation. 2016105:188-194.

  • 4. Kleinman ME Goldberger ZD Rea T Swor RA Bobrow BJ Brennan EE et al. 2017 American Heart Association Focused Update on Adult Basic Life Support and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality: An Update to the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation. 2018137:e7-e13

  • 5. Chair SY Hung MS Lui JC Lee DT Shiu IY Choi KC. Public knowledge and attitudes towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Hong Kong: telephone survey. Hong Kong Medical Journal. 201420:126-133

  • 6. Meng Chen Yue Wang Xuan Li Lina Hou Yufeng Wang Jie Liu Fei Han. Public Knowledge and Attitudes towards Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in China. BioMed Research International. 2017 Available from: https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3250485 [Accessed 2017 November 17|

  • 7. Bánfai B Pandur A Pék E Csonka H Betlehem J. At what age can children perform effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation? - Effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills among primary school children. Orvosi Hetilap. 2017 158(4):147-152

  • 8. Malsy M Leberle R Graf B German learns how to save lives: a nationwide CPR education initiative Int J Emerg Med 2018 11:9

  • 9. Matsubara H Enami M Hirose K Kamikura T Nishi T Takei Y et al Effects of obligatory training and prior training experience on attitudes towards performing basic life support: a questionnaire survey Acute Med Surg 2015 2(2):105-113

  • 10. Strömsöe A Svensson L Axelsson AB Claesson A Göransson K Nordberg P Herlitz J. Improved outcome in Sweden after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and possible association with improvements in every link in the chain of survival. European Heart Journal. 2015;36:863–871

  • 11. Wissenberg M Lippert FK Folke F Weeke P Hansen CM Christensen EF et al. Association of national initiatives to improve cardiac arrest management with rates of bystander intervention and patient survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. JAMA. 2013;310:1377-1384

  • 12. Cave DM Aufderheide TP Beeson J Ellison A Gregory A Hazinski MF et al. Importance and implementation of training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillation in schools: a science advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2011; 123:691-706.

  • 13. Rajapakse R Noč M Kersnik J. Public knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Republic of Slovenia. Wiener klinische Wochenschrift. 2010122:667–672

  • 14. ECC Guidelines Part 1: Introduction to the International Guidelines 2000 for CPR and ECC: A Consensus on Science. Circulation. 2000; 102(S1):1-12

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 44 44 14
PDF Downloads 31 31 0