Breeding, dispersal, migration and conservation of the Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) in Hungary

Open access

Abstract

The Black-winged Stilt was the bird of the year in Hungary in 2019. The population of the species increased from 20–25 breeding pairs to 550–680 pairs from 1980s to the present. 75–85% of the Hungarian population bred on effluent pools for pigs and settling pools at sugar beet factories in the first half of 1990s. There were significantly more breeding pairs in Hungary in 1999 compared to previous years, and finally 871 breeding pairs of Black-winged Stilts were documented in 2000 and the Hungarian population was estimated at 940–960 pairs. There were 550–680 breeding pairs in Hungary between 2015 and 2017. Significantly more clutches had more than five eggs in the sampled colonies during the influx in 2000 than in the egg collections before 1971 or in the sampled colony in 2008 as well. First arrivals reached Hungary between 5 and 20 March (median: 15 March) between 2005 and 2019. These arrival dates fall approximately a month earlier than the former arrival dates in mid-April during the 1980s. 470 Black-winged Stilts were observed in a single flock during post-breeding dispersal, this flock was the largest ever documented in Hungary. Stilts left Hungary by the first half of September in the 1980s, and in contrast, they left Hungary between 27 August and 4 January (median: 19 October) between 2005 and 2019. Recently, the most departure dates fall one and a half to three months later compared to the departure dates in the 1980s. Black-winged Stilts marked in Hungary disperse in the Carpathian Basin during their post-fledging/post-breeding dispersal. Based on ring readings of two individuals, they start to migrate southwest with stopover sites in Italy, but their wintering areas are unknown. Stilts hatched in Portugal (one individual) and France (two individuals) bred in Hungary during the large influxes in 1999 and 2000. Five Black-winged Stilts hatched in Italy were observed later in Hungary and are supposed to be breeders in Hungary in most cases. Furthermore, one individual captured as an adult in Spain and two trapped in Italy were observed in Hungary. The Hungarian population of Black-winged Stilt is threatened by predation on eggs and chicks, drainage of wetlands, and also by human-induced flooding of artificial wetlands (e.g. fishponds). Stilts regularly occupy artificial breeding islands the first years after habitat restoration. The Hungarian population of Black-winged Stilts is increasing due to habitat management with grazing animals, especially with Mangalica ‘Woolly’ Pigs and Water Buffalos.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bankovics A. 1979. A szikes tavak fészkelői [Breeding birds of soda pans]. – In: Tóth K. (ed.) Nemzeti park a Kiskunságban [National park in the Kiskunság]. – Natura Budapest pp. 266–273. (in Hungarian)

  • Bankovics A. 1983. A Péteri-tó sziki madarainak fészkelésökológiai viszonyai és természetvédelmi vonatkozásai [Ecological conditions for the sodic birds nesting at the Lake Péteri and their nature conservation connections]. – Puszta 1/10: 103–113. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Bankovics A. 1984. Gólyatöcs [Black-winged Stilt]. – In: Haraszthy L. (ed.) Magyarország fészkelő madarai [Breeding birds of Hungary]. – Natura Budapest pp. 90–91. (in Hungarian)

  • Bankovics A. 2008. Gólyatöcs [Black-winged Stilt]. – In: Hadarics T. & Zalai T. (eds.) Magyarország madarainak névjegyzéke – Nomenclator avium Hungariae – An annotated list of the birds of Hungary. – Magyar Madártani és Természetvédelmi Egyesület Budapest pp. 101–102. (in Hungarian and English)

  • Bankovics A. Győry J. & Sterbetz I. 1990. Madarak – Aves [Birds]. – In: Rakonczay Z. (ed.) Vörös könyv [Hungarian Red Data Book]. – Akadémiai Kiadó Budapest pp. 71–161. (in Hungarian)

  • Berdó J. 1994. A gólyatöcs Himantopus himantopus és a gulipán Recurvirostra avosetta költőállományának alakulása 1994-ben az Akasztói-halastavaknál [Population size of Black-winged Stilts Himantopus himantopus and Avocets Recurvirostra avosetta breeding on the fish-pond of Akasztó in 1994]. – Partimadár 4(2): 22–23. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Bod P. 1992. Költésbiológiai megfigyelések gólyatöcs (Himantopus himantopus) telepeken [Observations on breeding biology in the colonies of Black-winged Stilts]. – Madártani Tájékoztató 1992. január–június: 26–28. (in Hungarian)

  • Bod P. 1993. Gólyatöcs Himantopus himantopus költőtelepek Szentes környékén 1992-ben [Breeding colonies of Black-winged Stilt at the region of Szentes in 1992]. – Partimadár 2(1): 31–32. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Bod P. 1994. A gólyatöcs Himantopus himantopus költőállományának alakulása 1994-ben a Dél-Alföldön [The size of breeding population of Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus in 1994 on the Southern Great Plain]. – Partimadár 4(1): 21–23. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Boros E. 1994. Vonuló és fészkelő partimadár populációk ökológiai értékelése a kiskunsági szikes tavakon 1994-ben [Ecological status of migrating and breeding populations of waders at the natron lakes of Kiskunság in 1994]. – Partimadár 4(2): 4–19. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Boros E. 1998. Gólyatöcs [Black-winged Stilt]. – In: Haraszthy L. (ed.) Magyarország madarai [Birds of Hungary]. – Mezőgazda Kiadó Budapest pp. 124–125. (in Hungarian)

  • Boros E. & Ecsedi Z. 2013. Birds (Aves). – In: Boros E. Ecsedi Z. & Oláh J. (eds.) Ecology and management of soda pans in the Carpathian Basin. – Hortobágy Environmental Association Balmazújváros pp. 113–126.

  • Boros E. & Lengyel Sz. 2009. Gulipán (Recurvirostra avosetta) [Pied Avocet]. – In: Csörgő T. Karcza Zs. Halmos G. Magyar G. Gyurácz J. Szép T. Bankovics A. Schmidt A. & Schmidt E. (eds.) Magyar madárvonulási Atlasz [Hungarian Bird Migration Atlas]. – Kossuth Kiadó Budapest pp. 273–275. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Boros E. & Pigniczki Cs. 2001. Feltöltődött szikes tavak rekonstrukciója és a szikes mocsári növényzet kezelése [Habitat reconstruction of charged sodic lakes and the maintain of the sodic marshland vegetation at the Kiskunsagian sodic lakes]. – Túzok 6: 8–14.

  • Boros E. & Pigniczki Cs. 2013. Rehabilitation of Fehér-szék near Fülöpszállás. – In: Boros E. Ecsedi Z. & Oláh J. (eds.) Ecology and management of soda pans in the Carpathian Basin. – Hortobágy Environmental Association Balmazújváros pp. 519–521.

  • Borza S. Végvári Zs. & Zalai T. 2017. A legeltetés hatása a fészkelő partimadár-populációkra a Hortobágyon [The effect of grazing on the populations of shorebirds in the Hortobágy]. – Virgo 1: 159–177. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Chernel I. 1899. Magyarország madarai II/1. – Budapest pp. 170–173.

  • Cramp S. & Simmons K. E. L. (eds.) 1983. The birds of the Western Palearctic Vol. 3. Waders to Gulls. – Oxford University Press Oxford – London – New York

  • del Hoyo J. & Collar N. J. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World Vol. 1. Non-passerines. – Lynx Edicions Barcelona p. 422.

  • Ecsedi Z. 1994. Gólyatöcs Himantopus himantopus fészkelése a kabai cukorgyár ülepítőtavainál [Nesting Black-winged Stilts Himantopus himantopus at the sedimentation tanks of Kaba sugar factory]. – Partimadár 4(2): 23–24. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Ecsedi Z. Oláh J. Petrovics N. & Balla D. 2017. A tájhasználat és a jellemző vízimadárfajok változásai a balmazújvárosi Nagy-sziken (Hortobágy) [Changes in land use and characteristic waterbird species in the Nagy-szik in Balmazújváros (Hortobágy)]. – Virgo 1: 189–201. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Ecsedi Z. & Boros E. 2013. Management rehabilitation and restoration of soda pans. – In: Boros E. Ecsedi Z. & Oláh J. (eds.) Ecology and management of soda pans in the Carpathian Basin. – Hortobágy Environmental Association Balmazújváros pp. 482–505.

  • Haraszthy L. 2019a Magyarország fészkelő madarainak költésbiológiája. 1. kötet. Fácánféléktől a sólyomfélékig (Non-Passeriformes) [Breeding biology of nesting birds in Hungary Vol. 1.]. – Pro Vértes Nonprofit Zrt. Csákvár (in Hungarian)

  • Haraszthy L. 2019b New species on the list of species with intraspecific nest parasitism. – Ornis Hungarica 27: 166–206. DOI: 10.2478/orhu-2019-0010 http://map.mme.hu (accessed on 12 May 2019)

  • Kitagawa T. 2009. Bigamous trios in the Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus himantopus: I. Pathways to form bigamous trios. – Journal of the Yamashina Institute for Ornithology 40: 73–82.

  • Kitagawa T. 2011. Bigamous trios in the Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus himantopus: II. Contribution of members of trios toward incubation and chick-caring. – Journal of the Yamashina Institute for Ornithology 42: 129–141.

  • Kotymán L. 1996. A gólyatöcs Himantopus himantopus és a gulipán Recurvirostra avosetta élőhelyeinek és állománynagyságának felmérése Hódmezővásárhely környékén 1995-ben [Habitats and population size of Black-winged stilt Himantopus himantopus and Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta around Hódmezővásárhely in 1995]. – Partimadár 5: 22–26. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Krnács Gy. 2013. Habitat restoration in Nagyszéksós-tó near Mórahalom. – In: Boros E. Ecsedi Z. & Oláh J. (eds.) Ecology and management of soda pans in the Carpathian Basin. – Hortobágy Environmental Association Balmazújváros pp. 521–523.

  • Nagy T. 1992. Gólyatöcsök (Himantopus himantopus) késői előfordulása [Late observation of Black-winged Stilts (Himantopus himantopus)]. – Partimadár 1(1): 7. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Nagy T. 1994. Ritkább partimadárfajok Csongrád megyei fészkelése 1994-ben [Breeding of some uncommon wader species in Csongrád county in 1994]. – Partimadár 4(2): 20–21. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Nagy T. 1998. Gólyatöcs [Black-winged Stilt]. – In: Magyar G. Hadarics T. Waliczky Z. Schmidt A. Nagy T. & Bankovics A. (eds.) Magyarország madarainak névjegyzéke – Nomenclator avium Hungariae – An annotated list of the birds of Hungary. – Madártani Intézet – MME – Winter Fair Budapest – Szeged p. 59. (in Hungarian and English)

  • Máté A. & Pigniczki Cs. 2015. A Homokhátság: Az állatvilág [The Homokhátság: The animals]. – In: Iványosi Szabó A. (ed.) A Kiskunsági Nemzeti Park Igazgatóság negyven éve [Fourty years of Kiskunság National Park Directorate]. – Kiskunsági Nemzeti Park Igazgatóság Kecskemét pp. 226–236. (in Hungarian)

  • Molnár Gy. 1986. Adatok a gólyatöcs (Himantopus himantopus) és koegzisztens fészkelő fajok környezeti igényeinek és preferenciájának ismeretéhez [An ecological study on the Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) with comparative notes on waders]. – In: Molnár Gy. (ed.) A Magyar Madártani Egyesület II. Tudományos Ülése Szeged pp. 195–200. (in Hungarian with English summary)

  • Molnár Gy. 2019. Védett madarak és halgazdálkodás a szegedi Fehér-tón – költések meghiúsulása [Protected birds and fish-farming on Lake Fehér at Szeged – destroyed breeding]. – In: Molnár Gy. & Andrési P. (eds.) A civilizáció káros hatásai az élővilágra Magyarországon [Negative impacts of civilisation on wildlife in Hungary]. – Typotex Kiadó Szeged pp. 221–222 (in Hungarian)

  • Oláh J. 1996. Partimadarak fészkelése mezőgazdasági környezetben [Nesting of shorebirds on agricultural land]. – Partimadár 5: 10–21. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Oláh J. 2014. Gólyatöcs [Black-winged Stilt]. – In: Haraszthy L. (ed.) Natura 2000 fajok és élőhelyek Magyarországon [Species and habitats of Natura 2000 network in Hungary]. – Pro Vértes Közalapítvány Csákvár pp. 587–589. (in Hungarian)

  • Oláh J. Pigniczki Cs. & Nagy T. 2003. A gólyatöcs (Himantopus himantopus) állományának alakulása Magyarországon és a 2000. évi fészkelési invázió [Population changes of Black-winged Stilts (Himantopus himantopus) in Hungary and their breeding influx in 2000]. – Aquila 109–110: 61–79. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Pereszlényi Á. Haraszthy L. Solti B. & Fuisz T. I. 2019. Gólyatöcs Himantopus himantopus [Black-winged Stilt]. – In: Magyarország tojásgyűjteményei [Egg collections of Hungary]. – http://eggcollections.nhmus.hu/species/Himantopus_himantopus.php (accessed on 17 October 2019) (in Hungarian and English)

  • Pigniczki Cs. 1999. A fehérfarkú lilebíbic (Chettusia leucura) előfordulása a dunatetétleni Böddi-széken [Fourth record of White-tailed Plover (Chettusia leucura) in Hungary]. – Túzok 4(3): 83–85. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Pigniczki Cs. 2001. A Duna-völgyi szikes vonulat jelentősége a partimadarak mozgalmában [The role of soda pans and sodic puszta along river Danube on the movements of shorebirds]. – Master Thesis Debreceni Egyetem Evolúciós Állattani és Humánbiológiai Tanszék Debrecen

  • Pigniczki Cs. Rácz A. Oláh J. Tajti L. & Ecsedi Z. 2013. Habitat management and restoration in Hungary and their effects on Spoonbills and associated waterbirds. – In: Navedo J. G. (ed.) Proceedings of the Eurosite VII. Spoonbill Workshop Cantabria Spain pp. 80–83.

  • Snow D. W. & Perrins C. M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. – Oxford University Press Oxford – New York pp. 539–541.

  • Spina F. & Volponi S. 2008. Atlante della Migrazione degli Uccelli in Italia Vol. 1. non-Passeriformi [Italian Bird Migration Atlas. 1. non-Passeriformes]. – ISPRA Roma pp. 398–403. (in Italian with English Summary)

  • Tajti L. 2013. Rehabilitation and nature conservation management of Vesszős-szék near Pusztaszer. – In: Boros E. Ecsedi Z. & Oláh J. (eds.) Ecology and management of soda pans in the Carpathian Basin. – Hortobágy Environmental Association Balmazújváros pp. 516–519.

  • Végvári Zs. Bókony V. Barta Z. & Kovács G. 2010. Life history predicts advancement of avian spring migration in response to climate change. – Global Change Biology 16: 1–11. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01876.x

  • Wágner L. 1994. Gólyatöcsök Himantopus himantopus fészkelése Baranya megyében [First breeding of Black-winged Stilts Himantopus himantopus in Baranya county]. – Partimadár 4(2): 25.

  • www.birding.hu (accessed on 12 May 2019)

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 20 20 9
PDF Downloads 16 16 9