Phylogeny of Falconidae and phylogeography of Peregrine Falcons

Open access

Abstract

We first examine how falcons can be integrated into avian tree of life. Then we go one step further and investigate the position of Peregrine Falcons in a comprehensive phylogeny of the falcons (genus Falco), which was reconstructed on the basis of DNA sequences. Whether the 19 subspecies of the Peregrine Falcon can be identified genetically is examined in the next step. Recently, the question of Peregrine Falcon’s genetics in Central Europe has become of wider interest. Which subspecies was present before the collapse of populations and which currently after various reintroduction projects? Evidence is provided, that Central Europe constitutes a (natural) hybrid zone between F. p. brookei from the Mediterranean and F. p. peregrinus of northern Europe.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bell D. A. Griffiths C. S. Caballero I. C. Hartley R. R. & Lawson R. H. 2014. Genetic evidence for global dispersal in the Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) and affinity with the Taita Falcon (Falco fasciinucha). – Journal of Raptor Research 48: 44–53. DOI: 10.3356/JRR-12-12.1

  • del Hoyo J. & Collar N. J. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World Vol. 1. Non-passerines. – Lynx Edition Barcelona

  • del Hoyo J. Elliott A. & Sargatal J. 1994. Handbook of the birds of the world Vol. 2. – Lynx Edition Barcelona Hackett S. J. Kimball R. T. Reddy S. Bowie R. C. K. Braun E. L. Braun M. J. Chojnowski J. L. Cox W. A. Han K-L. Harshman J. Huddleston C. J. Marks B. D. Miglia K. J. Moore W. S. Sheldon F. H. Steadman D. W. Witt C. C. & Yuri T. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. – Science 320: 1763–1768. DOI: 10.1126/science.1157704

  • Kraus R. H. & Wink M. 2015. Avian genomics: fledging into the wild! – Journal of Ornithology 56: 851–865. DOI 10.1007/s10336-015-1253-y

  • Kumar S. Stecher G. & Tamura K. 2016. MEGA7: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. – Molecular Biology and Evolution 33: 1870–1874. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msw054

  • Nittinger F. Haring E. Pinsker W. Wink M. & Gamauf A. 2005. Out of Africa: phylogenetic relationships between Falco biarmicus and the other Hierofalcons (Aves: Falconidae). – Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 43: 321–331. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2005.00326.x

  • Nittinger F. Gamauf A. Pinsker W. Wink M. & Haring E. 2007. Phylogeography and population structure of the Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug) and the influence of hybridization: mitochondrial and microsatellite data. – Molecular Ecology 16: 1497–1517. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03245.x

  • Prum R. O. Berv J. S. Domburg A. Field D. J. Townsend J. P. Lemmon E. M. & Lemmon A. R. 2015. A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. – Nature 526: 568–573. DOI: 10.1038/nature15697

  • Rockenbauch D. 1998. Der Wanderfalke in Deutschland und umliegenden Gebieten [Peregrine Falcons in Germany and neighboring countries]. Bd 1. – C. Hölzinger Ludwigsburg (in German)

  • Rockenbauch D. 2002. Der Wanderfalke in Deutschland und umliegenden Gebieten [Peregrine Falcons in Germany and neighboring countries]. Bd 2. – C. Hölzinger Ludwigsburg (in German)

  • Seibold I. Helbig A. & Wink M. 1993. Molecular systematics of falcons (family Falconidae). – Naturwissenschaften 80: 87–90.

  • Sibley C. G. & Monroe B. L. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. – Yale University Press New Haven & London

  • Storch V. Welsch U. & Wink M. 2013. Evolutionsbiologie. 3rd ed. – Springer-Verlag Heidelberg

  • Suh A. Paus M. Kiefmann M. Churakov G. Franke F. Brosius J. Kriegs J. & Schmitz J. 2011. Mesozoic retroposons reveal parrots as the closest living relatives of passerine birds. – Nature Communications 2. Article number 443. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1448

  • Weick F. 1980. Die Greifvögel der Welt [Raptors of the world]. – P. Parey Hamburg (in German)

  • White C. M. Sonsthagen S. A. Sage G. K. Anderson C. & Talbot S. L. 2013. Genetic relationships among some subspecies of the Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus L.) inferred from mitocondrial DNA control-region sequences. – The Auk 130: 78–87. DOI: 10.1525/auk.2012.11173

  • Wink M. 1995. Phylogeny of Old and New World vultures (Aves: Accipitridae and Cathartidae) inferred from nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. – Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 50c: 868–882. DOI: 10.1515/znc-1995-11-1220

  • Wink M. 2000. Advances in DNA studies of diurnal and nocturnal raptors. – In: Chancellor R. D. & Meyburg B-U. (eds.) Raptors at Risk. – WWGBP/Hancock House pp. 831–844.

  • Wink M. 2012. Evolution und Phylogenie der Vögel [Evolution and phylogeny of birds]. – Taxonomische Konsequenzen. – Vogelwarte 49: 17–24. (in German)

  • Wink M. 2013. Ornithologie für Einsteiger [Ornithology for beginners]. – Springer-Spektrum Heidelberg (in German)

  • Wink M. 2015. Der erste phylogenomische Stammbaum der Vögel [A first phylogenomic avian tree of life]. – Vogelwarte 53: 45–50. (in German)

  • Wink M. Döttlinger H. Nicholls N. & Sauer-Gürth H. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships between Black Shaheen (Falco peregrinus peregrinator) Red-naped Shaheen (F. pelegrinoides babylonicus) and Peregrines (F. peregrinus). – In: Chancellor R. D. & Meyburg B-U. (eds.) Raptors at Risk. – WWGBP/Hancock House pp. 853–857.

  • Wink M. El-Sayed A-A. & Gonzalez J. 2010. Fortschritte in Erforschung der Phylogenie der Greifvögel und der Falken [Progress in phylogeny studies of raptors and owls]. – 50 Jahre Orden Deutscher Falkoniere pp. 22–28. (in German)

  • Wink M. Heidrich P. & Fentzloff C. 1996. A mtDNA phylogeny of sea eagles (genus Haliaeetus) based on nucleotide sequences of the cytochrome b gene. – Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 24(7–8): 783–791. DOI: 10.1016/S0305-1978(96)00049-X

  • Wink M. & Ristow D. 2000. Biology and molecular genetics of Eleonora’s Falcon (Falco eleonorae) a colonial raptor of Mediterranean islands. – In: Chancellor R. D. & Meyburg B-U. (eds.) Raptors at Risk. – WWGBP/Hancock House pp. 653–668.

  • Wink M. & Sauer-Gürth H. 2000. Advances in the molecular systematics of African raptors. – In: Chancellor R. D. & Meyburg B.-U. (eds.) Raptors at Risk. – WWGBP/Hancock House pp. 135–147.

  • Wink M. & Sauer-Gürth H. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships in diurnal raptors based on nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial and nuclear marker genes. – In: Chancellor R. D. & Meyburg B-U. (eds.) Raptors at Risk. – WWGBP Berlin pp. 483–498.

  • Wink M. Sauer-Gürth H. Ellis D. & Kenward R. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships in the Hierofalco complex (Saker- Gyr- Lanner- Laggar Falcon). – In: Chancellor R. D. & Meyburg B-U. (eds.) Raptors at Risk. – WWGBP Berlin pp. 499–504.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 411 411 15
PDF Downloads 443 443 33