Fossil and Subfossil Bird Remains and Faunas from the Carpathian Basin

Abstract

The author summarizes the knowledge of fossil and subfossil bird life from the Carpathian Basin, of all geological ages, site by site. After a historical overview, he presents the Mesozoic, Tertiary and Quaternary bird fauna, based on a holistic reference material consisting of 196 titles indicated in the bibliography, including papers in English (64), Hungarian (50), German (46), Romanian (26), Croatian (9) and Polish (1) languages. The text is supplemented with maps of fossiliferous sites from different ages and a list from 341 paleontological and archaeological sites on species of the Carpathian Basin, respectively. The number of taxa reaches 845, including 189 extinct taxa (two orders, four families, nine genera - five ichnotaxa of which (154 species, five ichnotaxa and 10 subspecies) were described from the Carpathian Basin, primarily. Most significant records include the Mesozoic taxa (Eurolimnornis, Palaeocursornis, Elopteryx), the new Neogene songbirds species and the presence of predecessors of recent European grouses, Bustards and Corvidae species from the Pliocene and Early Pleistocene in the Carpathian Basin.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Andrae, K. I. 1855. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der fossilen Flora Siebenburgens und des Banates [Contributions on the knowledge of the fossil flora to Transylvania and Banat]. - Abhandlungen der Koniglich- Kaiserlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt 2. (in German)

  • Andrews, C. W. 1913. On some bird remains from the Upper Cretaceous of Transylvania. - Geological Magazine 10: 193-196.

  • Bachmayer, F. 1964. Fossile Vogelfedern aus den jungtertiaren Süsswasserablagerungen von Weingraben (Burgenland, Österreich) [Fossil feather imprints from the Tertiary freswater deposits in Weingraben (Burgenland, Austria)]. - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 67: 175- 180. (in German)

  • Bachmayer, F. 1980. Ein fossiler Vogelrest aus den Diatomeen-Schiefern (Miozan, Ottnangien) von Limberg, Niederösterreich [A fossil bird remains of the Diatomaceous Shale (Miocene, Ottnangien) of Limberg, Lower Austria]. - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 83: 25- 28. (in German)

  • Bartosiewicz, L. 1991. Animal bones as indicators of continuity at Roman Provincial Sites. - Antaeus 19-20: 103-124.

  • Bartosiewicz, L. 1997. A Székesfehérvár bestiary: animal bones from the excavations of the Medieval City Wall. - Alba Regia 26: 133-167.

  • Benton, M. J., Cook, E., Grigorescu, D., Popa, E. & Tallodi, E. 1997. Dinosaurs and other tetrapods in an Early Cretaceous bauxite-filled fissure, Northwestern Romania. - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 130: 275-292.

  • Bindea, D. (ed.) 2008. Arheozoologia Transilvaniei in pre- si protoistorie [Transylvanian archaeozoology in Prae- and Protoistory]. - Trognost Cluj-Napoca, pp. 453 (in Romanian)

  • Bocheński, Z. M. & Tomek, T. 1994. Fossil and subfossil bird remains from five Austrian caves. - Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 37: 347-358.

  • Bökönyi, S. 1964. A maroslele-panai neolithikus telep gerinces faunája [The Vertebrate fauna of the Neolithic site of Maroslele-Pana]. - Archeológiai Ertesítõ 91: 87-93. (in Hungarian)

  • Bökönyi, S. 1974. History of domestic mammals in Central and Eastern Europe. - Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 230

  • Bökönyi, S. 1984. Animal husbandry and hunting in Tác-Gorsium: the vertebrate fauna of the Roman town in Pannonia. - Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 310 (in Hungarian)

  • Bökönyi, S. & Jánossy, D. 1965. Szubfosszilis vadmadár leletek Magyarországon (Subfossile Wildvogelfunde aus Ungarn) [Subfossil wild bird remians from Hungary]. - Vertebrata Hungarica 7: 85-99. (in Hungarian and German)

  • Capek, V. 1917. A püspökfürdõi preglaciális madárfauna [The Preglaciale bird fauna from Püspökfürdõ]. - Barlangkutatás 5: 66-74. (in Hungarian)

  • Döppes, D. & Rabeder, G. (eds.) 1997. Pliozane und Pleistozane Faunen Österreichs [Pliocene and Pleistocene faunas from Austria]. - Mitteilungen der Kommission für Quartarforschung der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vol. 10. Wien, pp. 411 (in German)

  • Dyke, G. J., Benton, M., Posmoseanu, E. & Naish, I. 2010. Early Cretaceous (Berriasian) birds and pterosaurs from Cornet Bauxite Mine, Romania. - Paleontology, pp. 1-17. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475- 4983.2010.00997.x

  • Dyke, G. J. & Osi, A. 2010. A review of Late Cretaceous fossil birds from Hungary. - Geological Journal 45(4): 434-444. DOI: 10.1002/gj.1209

  • Ehik, Gy. 1913. A brassói preglaciális fauna [The Preglaciale fauna from Brassó]. - Földtani Közlöny 43: 23-36. (in Hungarian)

  • Feduccia, A. 1999. The origin and evolution of birds. - 2nd Edition, Yale University Press, New Haven, pp. 466

  • Fejfar, O. & Heinrich, W. D. 1985. Zur Bedeutung der Wirbeltierfundstatten von Iva-novceund Hajnáeka für die Saugetierpalaontologie im Pliozan und frühen Pleistozan in Europa: Kenntnisstand und Probleme [On the importance of vertebrate sites of Ivanovce and Hajnáeka for mammalian paleontology in Pliocene and Pleistocene in Europe: knowledge and problems]. - Vistník Ustøedního Ustavu Geologického 60: 213-224. (in German)

  • Fischer, K. & Mauersberger, G. 1989. Zu Geschichte und Bedeutung der palaornithologischen Sammlung des Museums für Naturkunde zu Berlin [On the history and importance of palaeornithological collection of the Natural History Museum in Berlin]. - Annalen für Ornithologie 13: 139-151. (in German)

  • Fischer, K. & Stephan, B. 1977. Vogelknochenfunde aus Quartaren Ablagerungen Südwestrumaniens [Bird bones from Quaternary deposits in Southwest Romania]. - Annalen für Ornithologie 1: 79- 90. (in German)

  • Fischer, O. & Hably, L. 1991. Pliocene flora from the alginite at Gérce. - Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 83: 25-47.

  • Fladerer, F. A. 1993. Neue Daten aus jung- und mittelpleistozanen Höhlensedimenten im Raum Peggau- Deutschfeistritz, Steiermark [New data from Early and Middle Pleistocene cave sediments in the Room Pegau-German Feistritzsattel, Styria]. - Fundberichte aus Österreich 31: 369-374. (in German)

  • Gál, E. 1998. Avifauna fosila a pe.terii Gura Cheii de la Ra.nov (Jud Bra.ov) [Fossil bird fauna of the Gura Cheii Cave from Ra.nov (Bra.ov County)]. - Studia Universitatis Babe.-Bolyai, Biologia 43(1-2): 88-93. (in Romanian)

  • Gál, E. 2002a Avifauna pleistocena a Romaniei [Pleistocene bird faunas of Romania]. - Unpublished C. Sc thesis, Universitatea din Bucureşti, Facultatea de Geologie Bucure.ti, pp. 263 (in Romanian)

  • Gál, E. 2002b Madárleletek a bajcsai várból [Bird finds from the Bajcsa Castle]. - In: Kovács, Gy. (ed.) Weitschawar Bajcsa-vár, pp. 101-105 + 4 ábra. Zalaegerszegi Múzeumok Igazgatósága, Zalaegerszeg (in Hungarian)

  • Gál, E. 2003. Bird remains from two Romanian caves: Curata Cave (Nandru) and Bordu Mare Cave (Ohaba Ponor). - ICAZ 2002. Abstracts, p. 56.

  • Gál, E. 2004. New evidence of fowling and poultry keeping in Pannonia, Dacia and Moesia during the period of the Roman Empire. - In: Gruppe, G. & Peters, J. (eds.) Feathers, grit and symbolism. Birds and humans in the Ancient Old and New Worlds. - Proceedings of the 5th Meeting of the ICAZ Bord Working Group, Munich, Germany, 26-30th July 2004. - Documenta Archaeobiologiae 3. Verlag Marie Leidorf GmbH. Rahden/Westf., pp. 301-316.

  • Gál, E. 2005. Animal Remains from Archaeological Excavations in North-Eastern Hungary. - In: Gál, E., Juhász, I. & Sümegi, P. (eds.) Environmental Archaeology in North-Eastern Hungary. - Varia Archaeologica Hungarica 19: 139-174.

  • Gál, E. 2007a The Neolitic avifauna of Hungary within the context of the Carpathian Basin. - Antaeus 27: 273-286.

  • Gál, E. 2007b Fowling in lowlands. Neolitic and Chalcholitic bird exploitation in South-East Romania and the Great Hungarian Plain. - Archaeolinqua, Series Minor 24. Budapest, pp. 152

  • Gál, E. 2008. Faunal and taphonomic approach to a Late Pleistocene cavern bird bone assemblage in North-West Hungary. - Géobios 41: 79-90.

  • Gál, E., Hír, J., Kessler, E., Kókay, J., Mészáros, L. & Venczel, M. 1998-1999. Középsõ-miocén õsmaradványok, a Mátraszõlõs, Rákóczi-kápolna alatti útbevágásból. I. A Mátra-szõlõs 1. lelõhely [Middle Miocene fossils from the sections at the Rákóczi Chapell at Mátraszõlõs. I. Mátraszõlõs 1. site]. - Folia Historico Naturalia Musei Matraensis 23: 33-78. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Gál, E., Hír, J., Kessler, E., Kókay, J. & Venczel, M. 2000. Középsõ-miocén õsmaradványok a Mátraszõlõs, Rákóczi-kápolna alatti útbevágásból. II. A Mátraszõlõs 2. lelõhely [Middle Miocene fossils from the sections at the Rákóczi Chapell at Mátraszõlõs. II. Mátraszõlõs 2. site]. - Folia Historico Naturalia Musei Matraensis 24: 39-75. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Gál, E. & Kessler, E. 2006. Songbird remains from the Miocene (Middle Sarmatian) site Credinta (Dobrogea, South-East Romania). - In: Csiki, Z. (ed.) Volume dedicated to Dan Grigorescu on his 65th birthday, University of Bucharest Printing House, pp. 25-34.

  • Gheorghiu, C., Peltz, S., Peltz, M. & Mate., I. M. 1965. Acumularile de carbonati de la Corund [The carbonate accumulations of Corund]. - Comunicarile de Geologie 3: 123-146. (in Romanian) Göhlich, U. B. 2003. The avifauna of the Grund Beds (Middle Miocene, Early Badenian, Northern Austria). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 104A: 237-249.

  • Göhlich, U. B. 2009. The early Vallesian Vertebrates of Atzelsdorf (Late Miocene, Austria). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien III: 509- 514.

  • Hamar, M. & Csák, K. 1969. Contribupii la cunoaşterea faunei de vertebrate pleistocene din Dealul Burzau (com. Ripa, jud. Bihor) - jung Wurm [Contribution to the knownledge of Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from Burzau Hill (Village Ripa, Bihor County) - Lower Würm]. - Studii şi cercetari biologice Seria, Zoologie 21(6): 425. (in Romanian)

  • Hir, J., Kókay, J., Venczel, M., Gál, E. & Kessler, E. 2001. Elõzetes beszámoló a felsõtárkányi “Gödör- kert” n. õslénytani lelõhelykomplex újravizsgálatáról [A preliminary report on the revised investigation of the paleontological locality complex “Gödör-kert” at Felsõtárkány, Northern Hungary]. - Folia Historico-Naturalia Musei Matraensis 25: 41-65. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Horáeek, I. 1985. Survey of the fossil Vertebrate localities Veeláre 1-7. - Easopis pro Mineralogii a Geologii 30: 353-366.

  • Jánossy, D. 1952. Az Istállóskõi barlang aurignaci faunája [Aurignacian fauna from the Istállóskõ Cave.]. - Földtani Közlöny 82(4-6): 181-203. (in Hungarian)

  • Jánossy, D. 1954. Fossile Ornis aus der Höhle von Istállóskõ [Fossile birds from the Istállóskõ Cave]. - Aquila 55-58: 205-223. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1955. Die Vogel-und Saugetierreste der Spatpleistozanen Schichten der Höhle von Istállóskõ [The bird and mammalian remains of the Late Pleistocene Layers of the Istállóskõ Cave]. - Acta Archaeologica Academiae Sciencentiarum Hungaricae 5: 149-181. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1960. Steinadler (Aquila chrysaetos L.) und Bartgeier (Gypaetus barbatus L.) aus dem Pleistozan Ungarns [Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos L.) and Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus L.) from the Pleistocene of Hungary]. - Vertebrata Hungarica 2: 133-136. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1962a Eine fossile Vogelfauna aus den Mosuterien-Schichten der Subalyuk-Höhle im Bükk-Gebirge [A fossil avifauna from the Mousterian layers of Subalyuk Cave in the Bükk Mountains]. - Aquila 67-68: 175-188. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1962b Vorlaufige Mitteilung über die Mittelpleistozane Vertebratenfauna der Tarkõ-Felsnische (NO-Ungarn, Bükk-Gebirge) [Preliminary notification of the Middle Pleistocene vertebrate fauna of the Tarkõ Rock (NE Hungary, Bükk Mountains)]. - Annales Historico Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 54: 155-176. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1962c Vorlaufige Ergebnisse der Ausgrabungen in der Felsnische Rejtek 1 (Bükk- Gebirge Gem. Répáshuta) [Preliminary reports of the excavation in Rejtek 1. hole (Bükk Mountains, Répáshuta village)]. - Karszt- és Barlangkutatás 3: 49-58. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1963. Die altpleistozane Wirbeltierfauna von Kövesvárad bei Répáshuta (Bükk- Gebirge) [The Early Pleistocene vertebrate fauna of Kövesvárad at Répáshuta (Bükk Mountains)]. - Annales Historico Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 55: 109-141. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1964. Letzinterglaziale Vertebratenfauna aus der Kálmán Lambreht Höhle (Bükk-Gebirge, Nordost Ungarn) [Vertebrate fauna in the end of interglacial from Kálmán Lambrecht Cave (Bükk Mountains, North-East Hungary)]. - Acta Zoologica Hungarica 9: 139-197. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1965. Fossiler Vogelfauna aus Mousterien Schichten der Curata-Hohle (Rumanien) [Fossil bird fauna from Mousterian layers of Curata Cave (Romania)]. - Vertebrata Hungarica 7(1-2): 106- 116. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1969. Uj Eomyida (Rodentia, Mammalia) a bódvaszilasi Osztramosi kõfejtõ 3. lelethelyének alsó-pleisztocén faunájából [New Eomyda (Rodentia, Mammalia) Lower Plesitocene fauna in quarry site from Estramos 3. in Bódvaszilas]. - Oslénytani Viták 13: 5-40. (in Hungarian)

  • Jánossy, D. 1971. Die erste nachweis einer Kalt- Moustérien Vertebratenfauna in Ungarn (Tokod- Nagyberek, Kom. Komárom) [The first evidence of a Cold-Mousterian vertebrate fauna in Hungary (Tokod-Nagyberek, Komárom County)]. - Vertebrata Hungarica 12: 103-110. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1972. Middle Pliocene Microvertebrate fauna from the Osztramos Loc. 1 (Northern Hungary). - Annales Historico Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 64: 27-48.

  • Jánossy, D. 1974. Die mittelpleistozane Vogelfauna von Hundsheim (Niederösterreich) [The Middle Pleistocene avifauna of Hundsheim (Lower Austria)]. - Sitzungsberichte der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch- Naturwissenschftliche Klasse, Abteilung I. 182: 211-257. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1976a Plio-pleistocene bird remains from the Carpathian Basin. I. Galliformes 1. Tetraonidae. - Aquila 82: 13-36.

  • Jánossy, D. 1976b Plio-pleistocene bird remains from the Carpathian Basin. II. Galliformes 2. Phasianidae. - Aquila 83: 29-42.

  • Jánossy, D. 1976c Die Felsnische Tarkõ und die Vertebratenfauna ihrer Ausfüllung [The cavity of Tarkõ and the vertebrate fauna of their filling]. - Karsztés Barlangkutatás 8: 3-106. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1979b Plio-Pleistocene bird remains from the Carpathian Basin. III. Strigiformes, Falconiformes, Caprimulgiformes, Apodiformes. - Aquila 84: 9-36.

  • Jánossy, D. 1978. Uj finomrétegtani szint Magyarország pleisztocén õslénytani sorozatában [A new fine stratigrafic level in Paleontological series at Hungarian Pleistocene]. - Földrajzi Közlemények 26(1-3): 161-174. (in Hungarian)

  • Jánossy, D. 1979a A magyarországi pleisztocén tagolása a gerinces faunák alapján [Layout of the Hungarian Pleistocene based on the vertebrate fauna]. - Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 207 (in Hungarian)

  • Jánossy, D. 1979b Plio-pleistocene bird remains from the Carpathian Basin. IV. Anseriformes, Gruiformes, Charadriiformes, Passeriformes. - Aquila 85: 11-39.

  • Jánossy, D. 1979c Plio-pleistocene bird remains from the Carpathian Basin. V. Podicipediformes, Ciconiiformes, Otidiformes, Columbiformes, Piciformes. - Aquila 86: 19-33.

  • Jánossy, D. 1980. Plio-pleistocene bird remains from the Carpathian Basin. VI. Systematical and Geographical Catalogue. - Aquila 87: 9-22.

  • Jánossy, D. 1981. Die altpleistozanen Vogelfaunen von Deutsch-Altenburg 2 und 4 (Niederösterreich) [The Early Pleistocene bird fauna of Deutsch-Altenburg 2 and 4 (Lower Austria)]. - Beitrage zur Palaontologie von Österreich 8: 375-391. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1982. The extinct ancestor of Anser anser in Europe. - Aquila 88: 21-22.

  • Jánossy, D. 1983. Lemming-remain from the Older Pleistocene of Southern Hungary (Villany, Somssich- hegy 2.). - Fragmenta Mineralogica et Paleontologica 11: 55-60.

  • Jánossy, D. 1985. Wildvogelreste aus archaeologischen Grabungen in Ungarn (Neoliticum bis Mittelalter) [Wild bird remains from archaeological excavations in Hungary (from the Neoliticum to the Middle Ages)]. - Fragmenta Mineralogica et Paleontologica 12: 67-103. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1986. Pleistocene Vertebrate faunas of Hungary. - Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest & Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 208

  • Jánossy, D. 1987. Altestpleistozane vertebratenfauna von Beremend 15 (Sud-Ungarn) [Earliest Pleistocene vertebrate fauna of Beremend 15th (South Hungary)]. - Fragmenta Mineralogica et Paleontologica 13: 89-96. (in German)

  • Jánossy, D. 1990. Vertebrate fauna of site II. - In: Kretzoi, M. (ed.) Vértesszõlõs: site, man and culture. - Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 187-229.

  • Jánossy, D. 1991. Late Miocene bird remains from Polgárdi (W-Hungary). - Aquila 98: 13-35.

  • Jánossy, D. 1992. Lower Pleistocene bird remains from Beremend (S-Hungary, Loc. 15. and 16.). - Aquila 99: 9-25.

  • Jánossy, D. 1993. Bird remains from the Upper Miocene (MN9) of Rudabánya (N-Hungary). - Aquila 100: 53-70.

  • Jánossy, D. 1995. A Late Miocene avifauna from Polgárdi, Western Hungary. - Acta Palaeornithologica, Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 181: 203-206.

  • Jánossy, D. 1996. Lower Pleistocene vertebrate faunas from the localities 16. and 17. of Beremend (Southern Hungary). - Fragmenta Mineralogica et Paleontologica 18: 91-102.

  • Jánossy, D. & Kordos, L. 1976a Az Osztramos gerinces lelõhelyeinek faunisztikai és karszt-morfológiai áttekintése (1974-ig) [The faunistical and karst-morphological review of paleontological localities for Vertebrates at Osztramos (to 1974)]. - Fragmenta Mineralogica et Paleontologica 8: 39- 92. (in Hungarian and English)

  • Jánossy, D. & Kordos, L. 1976b Pleistocene - Holocene Mollusc and Vertebrate fauna of two caves in Hungary. - Annales Historico Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 68: 5-29.

  • Jánossy, D. & Kordos, L. 1977. Az Osztramos gerinces lelõhelyeinek faunisztikai és karsztmorfológiai áttekintése (1975-ig) [The faunistical and karst-morphological review of paleontological localities for Vertebrates at Osztramos (to 1975)]. - Fragmenta Mineralogica et Palaeontologica 8: 39-72. (in Hungarian and English)

  • Jánossy, D. & Vörös, I. 1987. Die mittelpleistozane Fauna der Höhle des Hungária-Ber-ges bei Dorog (Gerecse Gebirge, Ungarn) [The Middle Pleistocene fauna of the cave of the Hungarian Mountain at Dorog (Gerecse Mountain, Hungary)]. - Fragmenta Mineralogica et Paleontologica 13: 97-110. (in German)

  • Jurcsák, T. 1974. Prezenpa lui Gyps fulvus (Habl.) in cuaternarul Romaniei [The presence of Gyps fulvus (Habl.) in Romanian Queternar]. - Nymphaea 2: 169-184. (in Romanian)

  • Jurcsák, T. & Kessler, E. 1973. Cercetari paleornitologice din Romania [Paleornithological researces in Romania]. - Nymphaea 1: 169-179. (in Romanian)

  • Jurcsák, T. & Kessler, E. 1986. Evolupia avifaunei pe teritoriul Romaniei (I) [Evolution of the avifauna in the territory of Romania. Part I.]. - Crisia 16: 577-615. (in Romanian with English Summary)

  • Jurcsák, T. & Kessler, E. 1988. Evolupia avifaunei pe teritoriul Romaniei (III) [Evolution of the avifauna in the territory of Romania. Part III.]. - Crisia 18: 647-688. (in Romanian with English Summary)

  • Kessler, E. 1974a Date noi asupra avifaunei fosile a Dealului Burzau - Rapa [New data to fossil bird fauna from Burzau Hill (Village Ripa)]. - Nymphaea 2: 159-167. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1974b Contribupii noi la avifauna depozitelor hidrotermale postglaciare de la Baile 1 Mai - Oradea, jud. Bihor [New contributions to postglaciale avifauna and hydrothermal sediments from Baile 1 Mai - Oradea, Bihor County]. - Tibiscus 11: 123-128. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1974c Avifauna postglaciara de la Cuina Turcului, Cazanele Mari, Romania [Postglacial avifauna from Cuina Turcului, Cazanele Mari, Romania]. - Tibiscus 11: 113-122. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1975. Contribupii noi la studiul avifaunei fosile de la Betfia, jud. Bihor [New contributions to fossile avifauna from Betfia, Bihor County]. - Nymphaea 3: 53-59. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1977a Noi date privind avifauna pleistocenului superior din Romania [New data to Late Pleistocene fossil bird fauna from Romania]. - Nymphaea 5: 95-99. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1977b Contribupii la studiul prezenpei genului Pyrrhocorax in avifauna fosila a Romaniei [Contributions to the knowledge of the presence of Pyrrhocorax genus in fossil bird fauna in Romania]. - Nymphaea 5: 100-105. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1977c Avifauna postglaciara de la Vadu Crişului, jud. Bihor [Postglaciale avifauna from Vadu Crişului, Bihor County]. - Tibiscus 14: 255- 260. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1977d Avifauna zonei Crişurilor din perioada pliocenului pana astazi [Avifauna of Cris area from Pliocene to today]. - Unpublished C. Sc dissertation, Universitatea din Bucureşti, Facultatea de Biologie, pp. 200 (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1978a Imbogapirea inventarului paleoavifaunistic al Romaniei intre anii 1973-1978 [Enrichment of the paleornithological inventory of Romania between 1973-1978]. - Nymphaea 6: 165-180. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1978b Contribupii noi privind prezenpa genului Pelecanus in avifauna sub-fosila a Romaniei [New contributions about Pelecanus species presence in the subfossil avifauna of Romania]. - Nymphaea 6: 181-182. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1980-1981. Noi date privind avifauna pleistocena a Vaii Ierului (jud. Bihor) [New data on the Pleistocene bird fauna of Valea Ierului (Bihor County)]. - Nymphaea 8-9: 259-264. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1982. Avifauna fosila şi subfosila a Munpilor Apuseni [Fossil and subfossil bird fauna from Apuseni Mountains]. - Nymphaea 10: 171- 181. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1985a Material fosil şi subfosil de pasari din Defileul Dunarii de la Porpile de Fier [Fossil and subfossil bird remains of Iron Gates from Danube Gorge]. - Drobeta 1985: 337-339. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, E. 1985b Contribupii noi la studiul avifaunelor cuaternare din Romania [New contributions to the study of Quaternary bird faunas in Romania]. - Crişia 15: 485-491. (in Romanian)

  • Kessler, J. 2009a Uj eredmények a Kárpát-medence neogén és negyedidõszaki madárvilágához, I. rész [New results with regard to the Neogene and Quaternary avifauna of the Carpathian Basin. Part I.]. - Földtani Közlöny 139(1): 67-82. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Kessler, J. 2009b Uj eredmények a Kárpát-medence neogén és negyedidõszaki madárvilágához II. rész [New results with regard to the Neogene and Quaternary avifauna of the Carpathian Basin. Part II.]. - Földtani Közlöny 139(3): 251-271. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Kessler, E. 2009c The oldest modern bird (Ornithurinae) remains from the Early Oligocene of Hungary. - Fragmenta Palaeontologica Hungarica 27: 93-96.

  • Kessler, J. 2010. Uj eredmények a Kárpát-medence neogén és negyedidõszaki madárvilágához III. rész [New results with regard to the neogene and Quaternary avifauna of the Carpathian Basin, Part III.]. - Földtani Közlöny 140(1): 53-72. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Kessler, J. 2013a A Kárpát-medence madárvilágának õslénytani kézikönyve [Paleontological handbook of birdlife in the Carpathian Basin]. - Könyvmûhely, Miskolc, pp. 508 (in Hungarian)

  • Kessler, E. 2013b Neogene songbirds (Aves, Passeriformes) faunae from Hungary. - Hantkeniana 2013: 37-149.

  • Kessler, E. & Codrea, V. 1996. A bird form the Middle Miocene (Badenian) of Zarand depression (Western Romania). - Studia University Babeş-Bolyai, Series Geologia 41(2): 127-130.

  • Kessler, E., Codrea, V. & Vremir, M. 1998. A fossil bird from the Lower Oligocene of Cluj-Napoca (Western Romania). - Studia University Babes-Bolyai, Series Geologia 43(2): 7-12.

  • Kessler, E. & Gál, E. 1997. Resturi fosile şi subfosile de pasari din Banat [Fossil and subfossil bird remains in Banat]. - Analele Banatului - Ştiinpele Naturii 3: 141-144. (in Romanian with English Summary)

  • Kessler, E. & Gál, E. 1998. Resturi fosile şi subfosile de pasari in siturile paleolitice şi neolitice din Cheile Turzii şi Cheile Turenilor (Judepul Cluj) [Fossil and subfossil bird remains in Paleolitical and Neolitical sites from Cheile Turzii and Cheile Turenilor (Cluj County)]. - Angvistia 3: 9-122. (in Romanian with English Summary)

  • Kessler, E., Grigorescu, D. & Csiki, Z. 2005. Elopteryx revisited - a new bird-like specimen from the Maastrichtian of the Hateg Basin (Romania). - Acta Paleontologica Romaniae 5: 249-258.

  • Kessler, E. & Hír, J. 2009. A new Anserid species from the Neogene of Hungary. - Fragmenta Palaeontologica Hungarica 27: 97-101.

  • Kessler, J. & Hír, J. 2012a Eszak-Magyarország madárvilága a miocénben I. [The avifauna in North Hungary during the Miocene. Part I.]. - Földtani Közlöny 142(1): 67-78. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Kessler, J. & Hír, J. 2012b Eszak-Magyarország madárvilága a miocénben II. [The avifauna in North Hungary during the Miocene. Part II.]. - Földtani Közlöny 141(2): 149-168. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Kessler, E. & Jurcsák, T. 1984. Fossil bird remains in the bauxite from Cornet (Romania, Bihor County). - Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle 'Grigore Antipa' Bucure.ti 25: 393-401.

  • Kessler, E. & Jurcsák, T. 1986. New contributions to the knowledge of the Lower Cretaceous bird remains from Cornet (Romania). - Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle 'Grigore Antipa' Bucure.ti 27: 289-295.

  • Kessler, J. & Rabi, M. Máriahalom felsõ-oligocén madárfaunája [Upper Oligocene bird fauna from Máriahalom, Pest County, Hungary]. Manuscript, pp. 5 (in Hungarian)

  • Kessler, E. & Venczel, M. 2009. Bird remains from the Middle Miocene of Subpiatra (W-Romania). - Nymphaea, Folia naturae Bihariae 36: 27-36.

  • Kessler, E. & Venczel, M. 2011. A new passeriform bird from the Middle Miocene of Subpiatra (W-Romania). - Nymphaea, Folia naturae Bihariae 38: 17-22.

  • Kordos, L. 1981. A magyarországi holocén képzõdmények gerinces-faunafejlõdése, bio-sztratigráfiája és paleoökológiája [Vertebrate fauna development, biostratigraphy and paleoecology of the Holocene formation in Hungary]. - Unpublished C. Sc dissertation, pp. 120 (in Hungarian)

  • Kordos, L. 1983. A Hosszú-hegyi-zsomboly holocén gerinces faunája [Holocene vertebrate fauna of the Hosszú-hegy shaft]. - A Magyar Allami Földtani Intézet Evi Jelentése az 1981 évrõl, pp. 425-437. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Kordos, L. 1984. A bodajki Rigó-lyuk újholocén kitöltésének vizsgálata [Investigation on the Young Holocene sedimentary infilling of Rigó-lyuk Near Bodajk]. - Folia Musei Historico-Naturalis Bakonyensis 3: 31-42. (in Hungarian with English Summary)

  • Kordos, L. 1985. Lábnyomok az ipolytarnóci alsó-miocén korú homokkõben [Footprints in Lower Miocene sandstone at Ipolytarnóc]. - Geologia Hungarica, Series Paleontologica 46: 257-415. (in Hungarian with English summary)

  • Kordos, L. 1987a Ujabb adatok az ipolytarnóci alsó- miocén homokkõ lábnyomaihoz [A contribution to the footprint record of the Lower Miocene sandstone of Ipolytarnóc]. - A Magyar Allami Földtani Intézet Evi Jelentése az 1985 évrõl, pp. 453-465. (in Hungarian and English)

  • Kordos, L. 1987b Neogene Vertebrate biostratigraphy in Hungary. - In: Deák, M. (ed.) VIII. Congress of the Regional Committee on Mediterranean Neogene Stratigraphy. - Annales Instituti Geologiei Publici Hungarici 70: 393-396.

  • Kordos, L. 2001. Beremendi alapszelvény. Gerinces õslénytani vizsgálatok [Beremend main sections. Vertebrate paleontological studies]. - (Manuscript), MAFI, Budapest, pp. 20 (in Hungarian)

  • Kormos, T. 1911. Die pleistozane Fauna der Felsnische Puskaporos bei Hámor [The Pleistocene fauna of the hole Puskaporos at Hámor]. - Mitteilungen aus dem Jahrbuch der Königlich Ungarischen Geologischen Reichsanstalt 19: 148-154. (in German)

  • Kormos, T. 1913. Kleinere Mitteilungen aus dem ungarischen Pleistozan [Small releases from the Hungarian Pleistocene]. - Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaontologie 1913: 13-17. (in German)

  • Kormos, T. 1914a Az 1913. évben végzett ásatásaim eredményei [The results of the excavations carried in the year 1913]. - A Magyar Királyi Földtani Intézet 1913. évi jelentése, pp. 498-505, 531-540. (in Hungarian)

  • Kormos, T. 1914b Uj adatok a hidegszamosi csontbarlang faunájához [New data of 'Bone Cave' fauna from Hidegszamos]. - Barlangkutatás 2(3): 136- 137. (in Hungarian)

  • Kormos, T. 1915. A Devence-barlangi praehistoricus telep Biharvármegyében [The prehistorical site in Devence Cave at Bihar County]. - Barlangkutatás 3-4: 153-163. (in Hungarian)

  • Kormos, T. 1916. Ujabb ásatások az Igric-barlangban [New excavations in Igric Cave]. - Magyar

  • Királyi Földtani Intézet 1915. évi jelentése, pp. 558-567. (in Hungarian)

  • Kormos, T. 1917. Uj adatok a a püspökfürdõi Somlyó- hegy preglaciális faunájához [New data to preglaciale fauna of Somlyó Hill from Püspök fürdõ]. - Allattani Közlöny 27(1-2): 40-62. (in Hungarian)

  • Kõrösi, A. 1991. Lussonium - Paks-Dunakömlõd római erõd állatcsont maradványai. Szarvasmarhák és kiskérõdzõk [Animal bone remains of a roman fort from Lussonium - Paks-Dunakömlõd. Cattle and small ruminants]. - Janus Pannonius Egyetem, Pécs, (Manuscript). p. 35 (in Hungarian)

  • Kretzoi, M. 1941. Osemlõs maradványok Betfiáról [Remains of fossil Mammals from Betfia]. - Földtani Közlöny 71(7-12): 239. (in Hungarian)

  • Kretzoi, M. 1954a Ostrich and Camel remains from the Central Danube Basin. - Acta Geologica 2: 231-242.

  • Kretzoi, M. 1954b Befejezõ jelentés a csákvári barlang õslénytani feltárásáról [Final report of the paleontological exploration of the Csákvár Cave]. - A Magyar Allami Földtani Intézet Evi Jelentése az 1952 évrõl, pp. 37-69. (in Hungarian)

  • Kretzoi, M. 1955. Strucc-maradványok a Fejér megyei Kislángról [Ostrich remains from Kisláng, Fejér County]. - Aquila 59-62: 361-366. (in Hungarian)

  • Kretzoi, M. 1956. A Villányi hegység alsó-pleisztocén gerincesfaunái [Ostrich remains from Kisláng, Fejér County]. - Geologica Hungarica 27: 1-264. (in Hungarian)

  • Kretzoi, M. 1957. Madármaradványok a Csákvári faunából [Fossil bird remains from Csákvár Fauna]. - Aquila 63-64: 239-248. (in Hungarian)

  • Kretzoi, M. 1961-1962. Madár-maradványok a betfiai alsópleisztocén faunából [Bird remains in the Lower Pleistocene fauna from Betfia]. - Aquila 67-68: 167-174. (in Hungarian)

  • Kretzoi, M. 1962. A csarnótai fauna és faunaszint [The Csarnotian fauna and fauna level]. - A Magyar Allami Földtani Intézet Evi Jelentése az 1959. évrõl, pp. 297-395. (in Hungarian)

  • Kretzoi, M. 1975. Fontosabb szórványleletek a MAFI gerinces gyüjteményében (2 studies) [The most important vertebrate finds of the Hungarian Geological Institute]. - A Magyar Allami Földtani Intézet Evi jelentése az 1975. évrõl, pp. 401-415. (in Hungarian)

  • Krolopp, E. & Vörös, I. 1982. Macro-Mammal und Mollusca Reste des Torflagers Mezõlak - Szélmezõ puszta [Macro-Mammal and Mollusc remains of Mezõlak - Szélmezõ Puszta]. - Folia Musei Historico-naturalis Bakonyiensis 1: 39-64. (in German)

  • Lambrecht, K. 1912a A borsodi Bükk fossilis madarai. Fossile Vögel des Borsoder Bükkgebirges [Fossil birds of the Bükk Mountains from Borsod]. - Aquila 19: 270-287. (in Hungarian and German)

  • Lambrecht, K. 1912b Magyarország fossilis madarai. - Die fossilen Vögel Ungarns [The Fossil birds of Hungary]. - Aquila 19: 288-320. (in Hungarian and German)

  • Lambrecht, K. 1913. Neueren Daten zur fossilen Ornis unseren Höhlen [Recent data for fossil birds in our caves]. - Barlangkutatás 1: 173. (in German)

  • Lambrecht, K. 1915. Fossilis nagy fülesbagoly (Bubo maximus Flemm.) és egyéb madármaradványok a magyarországi pleistocaenbõl [Fossil's Big Eared Owl (Bubo maximus Flemm.) and other bird remains in Hungarian Pleistocene]. - Aquila 22: 177-187. (in Hungarian)

  • Lambrecht, K. 1916a Az elsõ magyar preglaciális madárfauna - Die erste ungarische praglaziale Vogelfauna [The first Hungarian Preglaciale bird fauna]. - Aquila 22: 165-172. (in Hungarian and German)

  • Lambrecht, K. 1916b Die gattung Plotus im ungarischen Neogen [The Plotus genus in the Hungarian Neogene]. - Mitteilungen aus dem Jahrbuche der Königlich Ungarischen Geologischen Reichsanstalt 24: 1-4. (in German)

  • Lambrecht, K. 1929. Mezozoische und tertiare Vogelreste aus Siebenburgen [Mezozoic and Tertiary bird remains from Transylvania]. - In: Csiki, E. (ed.) X. Congres International de Zoologie, pp. 1262-1275. (in German)

  • Lambrecht, K. 1931. Cygnopterus und Cygnavus zwei fossile Schwane aus dem Tertiar Europas [Cygnopterus and Cygnavus, two fossil swans from the Tertiary of Europe]. - Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Histoire naturalle de Belgique 7(31): 1-6. (in German)

  • Lambrecht, K. 1933. Handbuch der Palaeornithologie [Handbook of Palaeornithology]. - Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin, pp. 1024 (in German) Lóczy, L. 1877. A Baráthegyi barlang megvizsgálásáról [The examination of the Baráthegyi Cave]. - Természettudományi Közlöny 89: 15. (in Hungarian)

  • Malez, M. 1961. Pecinska hijena iz indije kod Voce [The Cave Hyaenas come from Vindija Cave]. - Geologiceskij Vjesnik 14: 221-244. (in Croatian)

  • Malez, M. & Rukavina, D. 1975. Kristurbacijske pojave u gornjopleistocenskim nasla-gama pecine Vindije kod Donje Voce u sjeverozapadnoj Hrvatskoj [Cristurbation appearance in Upper Pleistocene at Vindija Cave in Northwest Croatia]. - Rad Hazu knj. 371: 245-265. (in Croatian)

  • Malez, V. 1973. Fosilne ptice Jugoslavije [Fossil birds from Yugoslavia]. - Unpublished Dissertation, Zagreb University, pp. 97 (in Croatian)

  • Malez, V. 1984. Paleornitološki ostaci iz kvartarnih naslaga nekih spilja Hrvatske i Slovenije [Pale ornithological remains from the Quaternary Sediments of some Croatian and Slovenian caves]. - In: Deveti jugoslavenski speleoloski kongres, Zbornik predavanja 711-719. (in Croatian)

  • Malez, V. 1986. Paleoornitološka istrazivanja u našim krajevima [Paleornithological research in our region]. - In: Mestrov, M. & Sušia, G. (eds.) Ornitologija u Hrvatskoj 205-212. (in Croatian)

  • Malez, V. 1988. Pleistocenska ornitofauna iz spilje Vindije u sjevernozapadnoj Hrvatskoj. [Pleistocene bird fauna from Vindija Cave in Northwestern Croatia]. - Rad Jugoslavenske Akademije Znanosti i Umjetnosti, Varazdin 2: 31-203. (in Croatian)

  • Malez, V. 1991. Fosilni nalazi snejzne sove (Nyctea scandiaca) u Hrvatskoj [The fossil Snow Owls (Nyctea scandiaca) in Croatia]. Rad Hazu knj 458: 81-90. (in Croatian)

  • Malez, V. 1993. Otis tarda L. i Otis tetrax L. u kvartarnim naslagama Hrvatske. [Otis tarda L. and Otis tetrax L. in Croatian Quaternary sediments]. - Rad Hazu knj 463: 63-79. (in Croatian)

  • Malez-Baeia, V. 1979. Pleistocenska ornitofauna iz Šandalje u Istri te njezino stratigrafsko i paleoekološko znaeenje [Pleistocene bird fauna from Šandalja in Istria and its stratigraphic and paleoecological significance]. - Palaeontologia Jugoslavica 21: 1-46. (in Croatian)

  • von Meyer, H. 1865. Fossile Vögel von Radoboy und Oehningen [Fossile birds from Radoboy and Oeningen]. - Palaeontographica 14: 125-131. (in German)

  • Mlikovsk., J. 1992. Late Miocene birds of Götzendorf/ Leitha, Austria. - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien (A) 91: 97-100.

  • Mlikovsk., J. (ed.) 1996. Tertiary avian localities of Europe. - Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geologica 39: 517-848.

  • Mlikovsk., J. 1997a Taxonomic identity of Fringilla radoboyensis von Meyer 1865 (Aves) from the Middle Miocene of Croatia. - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien (A) 98: 143- 149.

  • Mlikovsk., J. 1997b A new tropical bird (Aves: Phaethontidae) from the Late Miocene of Vösendorf, Austria. - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien (A) 98: 151-154.

  • Mlikovsk., J. 1998a Early Pleistocene birds of Deutsch-Altenburg, Austria. - Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 62: 135-141.

  • Mlikovsky, J. 1998b Vertebrates from the Early Miocene lignite deposits of the Open-Cast Mine Oberdorf (Western Styrian basin, Austria). 4. Aves. - Annalen des Naturhistori-schen Museums in Wien (A) 99: 39-42.

  • Mlikovsk., J. 2000. Late Pleistocene birds of Horka- Ondrej. - In: Kaminska, L. (ed.) Horka-Ondrej: Research of a Middle Palaeolithic Travertine Locality. - Archaeologica Slovaca Monographiae Fontes 17: 196-197.

  • Mlikovsk., J. 2002. Cenozoic birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. - Ninox Press, Praha, pp. 407

  • Mlikovsk., J. 2007. Taxonomic identity of Eostega Lebedinskyi Lambrecht, 1929 (Aves) from the Middle Eocene of Romania. - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 109A: 19- 27.

  • Mlikovsk., J. 2009. Middle Pleistocene birds of Hundsheim, Austria. - Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 177(7): 69-82.

  • Mottl, M. 1938. Faunen, Flora und Kultur des ungarische Solutréen [Fauna, flora and culture on the Hungarian Solutrean]. - Quartar 1: 36-54. (in German)

  • Mottl, M. 1941. Die Interglazial - und Interstadialzeiten im Lichte der Ungarischen Saugetierfauna [The interglacial and interstadial periods in light of of the Hungarian mammal fauna]. - Mitteilungen aus dem Jahrbuche der Königlich Ungarische Geologischen Institut 35: 13-39. (in German)

  • Mottl, M. 1942. Adatok a hazai ó-és újpleisztocén folyóteraszok emlõsfaunájához [Data on home Early and Late Pleistocene mammal fauna of river terraces]. - Magyar Királyi Földtani Intézet Evkönyve 3: 66-125. (in Hungarian)

  • Mottl, M. 1951. Der Repoulust Höhle bei Peggau (steienmark) und ihre eiszeitlichen Bewohner [The Repoulust Cave near Peggau (Steienmark) and their ice-age residents]. - Archaeologia Austriaca 8: 1-78. (in German)

  • Mottl, M. 1953. Die Erfrorschung der Höhlen [The exploration of caves]. - Jahrbuch der Naturwiessenschaft Abteilung Johanneum, Graz 1953: 19-58. (in German)

  • Musil, R. 1980a Die Grossauger und Vögel der Teufelsbrücke [The big auger and birds of the Teufelsbücke]. - In: Feustel, R. (ed.) Magdalenienstation Teufelsbrücke [Magdelenian Station Devil's Bridge]. - Weimarer Monographien zur Ur-und Frühgeschichte 3., pp. 5-27. (in German)

  • Musil, R. 1980b Ursus spelaeus-Der Höhlenbahr 1-3. [Ursus spelaeus-The Bear Cave 1-3.]. - In: Feustel, R. (ed.) Magdalenienstation Teufelsbrücke - Weimarer Monographien zur Ur-und Frühgeschichte 2. (in German)

  • Nehring, A. 1880. Uebersicht über vierundzwanzig mitteleuropaische Quartar-Faunen [Survey of twenty-four Central European Quaternary fauna]. - Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 32: 468-509. (in German)

  • Nehring, A. 1881. Dr. Rothšfs Ausgrabungen in Oberungarischen Hohlen [Dr. Rothšfs excavations in North Hungarian caves]. Zeitschrift fur Ethnologie 13: 96.109. (in German)

  • Neugeboren, J. L. 1850. Siebenburgische Petrefacten in der Sammlung des Herrn Michael Ackner. Pfarrer in Hammersdorf in Verhandlungen und Mitt [Transylvaian Petrifactions in the collection of Michael Ackner. Vicar of the Village Hammersdorf]. Des siebenburgische Vereins fur Naturwissenschaften zu Hermannstadt 11: 173. (in German)

  • Osi, A. 2008. Enantiornithine bird remains from the Late Cretaceous of Hungary. Oryctos 7: 55.60.

  • Pike-Tay, A., Bartosiewicz, L., Gal, E. & Whitle, A. 2004. Body part representation and seasonility: sheep/goat, bird and fish remains from Early Neolitic Ecsegfalva 23 SE Hungary. Journal of Taphonomy 2(4): 221.246.

  • Rabeder, G. 1992. Wirbeltierreste aus den jungpleistozanen Marchschottern von Marchegg, Niederosterreich [Vertebrate remains in Quicksand from the Late Pleistocene of Marchegg, Lower Austria]. Archaeologie Austriae 76: 5.7. (in German)

  • R.dan, S. & Brustur, T. 1993. Urme de pa.i de p.s.ri in oligocenul superior din bazinul Petro.ani (Carpa.ii Meridionali) [Footprints of birds in the Upper Oligocene Petro.ani Basin (Southern Carpathians)]. Studii.i Cercet.ri de Geologie 38: 71.80. (in Romanian)

  • Roth, S. 1881. Szepesmegye nehany barlangjanak leirasa [Description of some caves in Szepes County]. Mathematikai es Termeszettudomanyi Kozlemenyek 16: 613.648. (in Hungarian)

  • Soergel, E. 1966. Die Vogelreste [The Bird Remains]. In: Ehrenberg, K. (ed.) (1966) Die Teufels-oder Fuck-senlucke bei Eggenburg (NO) [The Devil or Fuck senlucke at Eggenburg (NA)]. Denkschriften der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschftliche Klasse der Osterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 93.107. (in German)

  • Spahni, J-C. 1954. Les gisements a Ursus spelaeus de lšfAutriche et leurs problemes [Ursus spelaeus deposits of Austria and their problems]. Bulletin de la Societe Prehistorique Francaise 51: 346. 367. (in French)

  • Svec, P. 1986. The fossil Pheasant (Aves, Phasianidae) from the Upper Miocene of D.vinska Nova Ves (Slovakia) asopis pro Mineralogii a Geologii 31: 83.88.

  • Teglas, G. 1880. A nandori barlangcsoport Hunyad megyeben [The Nandori Cave group in Hunyad County]. Termeszettudomanyi Kozlony 12: 303.315. (in Hungarian)

  • Tassi, M. 2006. Szendr.-Fels.var allatcsontanyaga [Animal bone records from Szendr.-Fels.var]. Visegradi Muzeumok Kozlemenyei, pp. 3.15. (in Hungarian)

  • Toula, F. 1909. Diluviale Saugetierreste vom Gesprengberg, Kronstadt in Siebenburgen [Diluvial Mammal remains from Gesprengberg Cave, Brasso in Transylvania]. Jahrbuch der koniglich geologische Reichsanstalt 59(3.4): 575.614. (in German)

  • Wang, X., Csiki, Z.,.si, A. & Dyke, G. J. 2011a The first definitive record of a fossil bird from the Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) of the Ha.eg Basin, Romania. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31(1): 227.230.

  • Wang, X., Dyke, G. J., Codrea, V., Godefroit, P. & Smith, T. 2011b An Euenantiornithine bird from the Late Cretaceous Ha.eg Basin of Romania. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 56(4): 853.857. DOI: 10.4202/app.2010.0085

  • Wettstein, O. V. & Muhlhofer, F. 1938. Die Fauna der Hohle von Merkenstein in N-O [The fauna of the Merkenstein Cave in North Austria]. Archiv Naturgeschichte, new series 7(4): 514.558. (in German)

  • Wojcik, Z. 1966. Geneza i wiek klastycznych osadow jaskin Tatrzanskich [The origin and age of clastic sediments of the caves of the Tatra Mountains]. Prace Muzeum Ziemi, Prace Geologiczne 9: 3.13. (in Polish)

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search