Aims: Global business today usually requires organizations to be present locally in countries where their customers are. To do this successfully, good cooperation with local people is needed. Therefore, this paper focuses on the integration of cultures in the business world. The insights from this study are expected to benefit Slovenian expatriates to foreign companies in South Korea, as well as national culture researchers. The main goals of this research include a comparison of Hofstede’s IBM survey results with the researched working environment, and identifying the benefits of merging two national cultures for the working environment.
Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to purposive samples within the researched working environments and the collected data analysed used SPSS, where the hypotheses were tested using a chi-square test and t-test for independent samples.
Results: The results revealed significant differences between the two national cultures in the working environment, e.g.: fear of expressing disagreement towards superiors, commitment to work, preference of challenges, tendency to avoid conflicts and innovations - all differed according to nationality.
Conclusion: Working together with people from different cultures requires a certain amount of adaptation (learning about another culture, expecting situations that are not usual). If this adaptation is successful, then cooperation between the different cultures can also be successful, leading to a potential output that is even better than cooperation between people from the same culture.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Al-Rodhan N.R.F. & Stoudmann G. (2006) Definitions of Globalization: A comprehensive Overview and a Proposed Definition Geneva: Centre for Security Policy.
Coyner T. L. & Jang S. H. (2010). Doing Business in Korea: An Expanded Guide. Seoul: Seoul Selection.
Dolan S. & Lingham T. (2012). Introduction to Interna tional Organizational Behaviour. Logan: BookEducator.
Hofstede G. (2001). Cultures consequences: Comparing values behaviors institutions and organizations across nations (2nd ed.). California: Sage Publications.
Hofstede G Hofstede GJ & Minkov M (2010). Cultures and organizations: software of the mind: intercultural cooperation and its importance for survival (3rd ed.). (n. p.): McGraw-Hill.
ITAP International (n. d.) Integrating Corporate Practices and National Cultural Values. Retrieved March 30 2016 from: http://www.itapintl.com/index.php/aboutus/latest-news/57-organizational-culture-and-nationalculture-what-s-the-difference-and-why-does-it-matter
Johns G. & Saks A. M. (2008). Organizational Behaviour: Understanding and Managing Life at Work (7th ed.). b.k.: Pearson Canada Inc.
Kim Hoo-ran (2014). Culture closely tied to Korea’s vulnerability to disasters. Retrieved May 24 2014 from http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20140513001280
Koncern Kolektor (n. d.). About Kolektor. Retrieved May 15 2014 from http://www.kolektor.com/en/about-thegroup
Merkin R. (2015 November) ` The Relationship between Individualism / Collectivism: Consultation and armony Needs´. Journal of Intercultural Communication. 39. Retrieved 10.01.2016 from http://immi.se/intercultural/nr39/merkin.html
Robbins S. P. & Judge T. A. (2013). Organizational Behaviour (15th ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.
Slovenian Business Portal (2016 February). Doing Business in Slovenia. Retrieved March 1 2016 from http://poslovniportal.si/Doing_Business_Slovenia.php
Slovenia partner (n. d.). If you travel to Slovenia for business or pleasure. Retrieved March 3 2016 from http:// www.sloveniapartner.eu/business-environment/business-visit/
Storti C. (2007). The Art of Crossing Cultures (2nd ed.) Boston: Intercultural Press.
The Hofstede Centre (2014a). What about Slovenia? Retrieved May 31 2014 from http://geert-hofstede.com/slovenia.html
The Hofstede Centre (2014b). What about South Korea? Retrieved May 31 2014 from http://geert-hofstede. com/south-korea.html.
The Levin Institute (2015). Globalization 101. Retrieved February 11 2016 from http://www.globalization101.org/what-is-globalization/
Treven S. (2001). Mednarodno organizacijsko vedenje. Ljubljana: GV Založba.
Završnik B. & Miglič G. (2010). Pomen kulturnih razlik v poslovnih pogajanjih. In T. Kern et al. (Eds.) Človek in organizacija (pp. 1765 - 1772). Kranj: MO.