The paper presents the use of fiber optic FBG strain sensors for analysis of deformations of machines and devices including those used in mining techniques. FBG strain sensors have many advantages over classic strain measurements using electro resistance strain gauges. They are characterized by a significant measurement accuracy of up to 1 mm, a service life of up to 30 years, the possibility of measuring large deformations of up to 8%, significant fatigue life, the possibility of building measurement networks and, something extremely important in mining – intrinsic safety, because the operating medium is white light. The entire measurement system based on the optical interrogator was also discussed. It enables conducting both static and dynamic measurements. The results of the strain research for an engineering machine, in which the loads had exceeded 800 T, were reported.