Fretting Wear as an Example of Destruction of Railway Vehicles Wheelsets

Marcin Dębiński 1  and Miloš Brezáni PhD. 2
  • 1 State Higher Vocational School in Nowy Sącz, , Poland
  • 2 University of Zilina,


The article refers to the importance of the aspect of durability and reliability of wheelsets. It contains a short analysis of railway accidents in which the causes were failures of wheelsets. The paper lists most common faults occurring in the course of the wheelsets operation. The major problem of the paper were laboratory analyses of fretting wear developing in interference joints. The research has been conducted using a wheelset comprising a shaft and a sleeve. Fatigue tests in conditions close to the wheelset operating environment have been conducted. The laboratory analyses included macroscopic observation that indicated fretting wear signs on both sides of the wheel seat in form of a 3.5 mm wide ring around the entire perimeter. The following procedures included microscopic observations in the wear signs area, that indicated numerous material accumulations exposed to plastic deformation and oxidation.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Esslinger V., Kieselbach R., Koller R., Weisse B. (2004). The railway accident of Eschede – technical background. Engineering Failure Analysis 11 (4), 515-535

  • Guzowski S. (2003). Analiza zużycia frettingowego w połączeniach wciskowych na przykładzie osi zestawów kołowych pojazdów szynowych. Monografia 284. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Politechniki Krakowskiej

  • Huang, Y.B., Shi L.B., Zhao X.J., Cai Z.B., Liu Q Y., Wang W.J. (2018). On the formation and damage mechanism of rolling contact fatigue surface cracks of wheel/rail under the dry condition. Wear 400-401, pp. 62-73

  • Kowalski S. (2016). Application of dimensional analysis in the fretting wear studies. Journal of the Balkan Tribological Association, Vol. 22, No 4, pp. 3076-3088

  • Kowalski S. (2018). Assessment of the possibility of the application of a CrN+OX multi-layer coating to mitigate the development of fretting wear in a press-fit joint. Wear 398-399, pp. 13-21

  • Kowalski S. (2016). Influence of molybdenum coating on fretting wear development in clamped joint. Journal of the Balkan Tribological Association, Vol. 22, No 2A-I, pp. 1741-1752

  • Kowalski S. (2018). The influence of selected PVD coatings on fretting wear in a clamped joint based on the example of a rail vehicle wheel set. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc – Maintenance and Reliability 20 (1), pp. 1-8

  • Kwaśnikowski J., Małdziński L., Borowski J., Firlik B., Gramza G. (2007). Analysis of reasons for accelerated wear of rolling surfaces of SA 108 (215M) rail bus wheels. Pojazdy Szynowe 2, pp. 1-13

  • Llavori I. (2016). An all-in-one numerical methodology for fretting wear and fatigue life assessment. Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale 37, pp. 87-93

  • Naeimi M., Li S., Li Z., Wu J., Petrov R. H., Sietsma J., Dollevoet R. (2018). Thermomechanical analysis of the wheel-rail contact using a coupled modelling procedure. Tribology International 117, pp. 250-260

  • Spangenberg U., Fröhling R.D., Els P.S. (2018). The effect of rolling contact fatigue mitigation measures on wheel wear and rail fatigue. Wear 398-399, pp. 56-68


Journal + Issues