Involvement in alcohol-related verbal or physical aggression. Does social status matter?

Open access


INTRODUCTION -The analyses (1) assessed the association between social status variables and aggression when controlling for volume of alcohol consumption and episodic heavy drinking (EHD), (2) tested whether social status moderates the association between volume or EHD and verbal as well as physical aggression, and (3) investigated whether EHD moderates the effect of volume on aggression. METHODS - Swedish Alcohol Monitoring Survey (2003 to 2011); N=104,316 current drinkers; response rate: 51 to 38%. Alcohol-related aggression was defined as involvement in a quarrel or physical fight while drinking. Social status was defined as the highest education, monthly income and marital status. RESULTS - The associations between social status variables and aggression showed mixed results. Verbal aggression was associated with education in males and with marital status in both genders. Physical aggression was associated with education in both genders. No associations with aggression were found for income. With few exceptions, these associations remained significant when controlling for drinking patterns; social status did not moderate the association between drinking and aggression; EHD moderated the effect of volume on physical aggression in males. CONCLUSIONS - Groups of lower educated and nonmarried individuals experience verbal or physical aggression over and above different levels of consumption. Individual differences in aggression vulnerability rather than differences in aggression predisposition account for higher risks of aggression in these groups.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Alvarez F. J. Fierro I. & del Rio C. M. (2006). Alcohol-related social consequences in Castille and Leon Spain. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 30(4) 656-664.

  • Bross I. D. J. (1958). How to use ridit analysis. Biometrics 14(1) 18-38.

  • Bye E. K. & Rossow I. (2010). The impact of drinking pattern on alcohol-related violence among adolescents: An international comparative analysis. Drug and Alcohol Review 29(2) 131-137.

  • Chermack S. T. & Giancola P. R. (1997). The relation between alcohol and aggression: An integrated biopsychosocial conceptualization. Clinical Psychology Review 17(6) 621-649.

  • Dietze P. M. Jolley D. J. Chikritzhs T. N. Clemens S. Catalano P. & Stockwell T. (2009). Income inequality and alcohol attributable harm in Australia. BMC Public Health 9(1) 70.

  • Felson R. B. & Tedeschi J. T. (1993). Aggression and violence: Social interactionist perspectives. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

  • Giancola P. R. (2002). Alcohol-related aggression in men and women: The influence of dispositional aggressivity. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 63(6) 696-708.

  • Giancola P. R. Helton E. L. Osborne A. B. Terry M. K. Fuss A. M. & Westerfield J. A. (2002). The effects of alcohol and provocation on aggressive behavior in men and women. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 63(1) 64-73.

  • Gmel G. Klingemann S. Müller R. & Brenner D. (2001). Revising the preventive paradox: The Swiss case. Addiction 96(2) 273-284.

  • Gmel G. Rehm J. Room R. & Greenfield T. K. (2000). Dimensions of alcohol-related social and health consequences in survey research. Journal of Substance Abuse 12(1-2) 113-138.

  • Hayes L. J. & Berry G. (2002). Sampling variability of the Kunst-Mackenbach relative index of inequality. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 56(10)762-765.

  • Huckle T. You R. Q. & Casswell S. (2010). Socio-economic status predicts drinking patterns but not alcohol-related consequences independently. Addiction 105 (7) 1192-1202.

  • Hughes K. Anderson Z. Morleo M. & Bellis M. A. (2008). Alcohol nightlife and violence: The relative contributions of drinking before and during nights out to negative health and criminal justice outcomes. Addiction 103(1) 60-65. Ito T. A. Miller N. & Pollock V. E. (1996). Alcohol and aggression: A meta-analysis on the moderating effects of inhibitory cues triggering events and self-focused attention. Psychological Bulletin 120(1) 60-82.

  • Karriker-Jaffe K. J. Roberts S. C. M. & Bond J. (2013). Income inequality alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. American Journal of Public Health 103(4) 649-656.

  • Kraus L. Baumeister S. E. Pabst A. & Orth B. (2009). Association of average daily alcohol consumption binge drinking and alcohol-related social problems: Results from the German Epidemiological Surveys of Substance Abuse. Alcohol and Alcoholism 44(3) 314-320.

  • Lance C. E. (1988). Residual centering exploratory and confirmatory moderator analysis and decomposition of effects in path models containing interactions. Applied Psychological Measurements 12 163-175.

  • Lenke L. (1990). Alcohol and criminal violence: Time series analysis in a comparative perspective. Stockholm: Almquist and Wiksell International.

  • Livingston M. (2014). Socioeconomic differences in alcohol-related risk-taking behaviours. Drug and Alcohol Review 33(6) 588-595.

  • Mackenbach J. P. & Kunst A. E. (1997). Measuring the magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in health: An overview of available measures illustrated with two examples from Europe. Social Science and Medicine 44(6) 757-771.

  • Mäkelä P. Keskimäki I. & Koskinen S. (2003). What underlies the high alcohol related mortality of the disadvantaged: High morbidity or poor survival? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 57(12) 981-986.

  • Mäkelä P. & Paljärvi T. (2008). Do consequences of a given pattern of drinking vary by socioeconomic status? A mortality and hospitalisation follow-up for alcoholrelated causes of the Finnish Drinking Habits Surveys. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 62(8) 728-733.

  • Murdoch D. Pihl R. O. & Ross D. (1990). Alcohol and crimes of violence: Present issues. International Journal of the Addictions 25(9) 1065-1081.

  • Norström T. & Pape H. (2010). Alcohol suppressed anger and violence. Addiction 105(9) 1580-1586.

  • Parrott D. J. & Giancola P. R. (2006). The effect of past-year heavy drinking on alcohol-related aggression. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 67(1) 122-130.

  • Probst C. Roerecke M. Behrendt S. & Rehm J. (2014). Socioeconomic differences in alcohol-attributable mortality compared with all-cause mortality: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology 43(4) 1314-1327.

  • Ramstedt M. Axelsson Sohlber T. Engdahl B. & Svensson J. (2009). Tal om alkohol 2008: En statistisk årsrapport från Monitorprojektet [A statistical annual report from the Monitor project] (54). Stockholm: SoRAD Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning Stockholms Universitet.

  • Rehm J. Ashley M. J. Room R. Single E. Bondy S. Ferrence R. & Giesbrecht N. (1996). On the emerging paradigm of drinking patterns and their social and health consequences. Addiction 91(11) 1615-1621.

  • Rehm J. & Gmel G. (1999). Patterns of alcohol consumption and social consequences. Results from an 8-year follow-up study in Switzerland. Addiction 94(6) 899-912.

  • Rehm J. Room R. Graham K. Monteiro M. Gmel G. & Sempos C. T. (2003). The relationship of average volume of alcohol consumption and patterns of drinking to burden of disease: An overview. Addiction 98(9) 1209-1228.

  • Robins I. N. Bates W. M. & O’Neal P. (1962). Adult drinking patterns of former problem children. In D. J. Pittman & C. R. Snyder (Eds.) Society culture and drinking patterns (pp. 395-412). New York: Wiley.

  • Room R. (2005). Stigma social inequality and alcohol and drug use. Drug and Alcohol Review 24(2) 143-155.

  • Rossow I. (1996). Alcohol-related violence: The impact of drinking pattern and drinking context. Addiction 91 1651-1661.

  • Royston P. (2005). Multiple imputation of missing values: Update of ice. Stata Journal 5 527-536.

  • Scott K. D. Schafer J. & Greenfield T. K. (1999). The role of alcohol in physical assault perpetration and victimization. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 60 528-536.

  • Selin K. (2005). Predicting alcohol-related harm by sociodemographic background: High prevalence versus high risk. Contemporary Drug Problems 32 547-588.

  • Wells S. Giesbrecht N. Ialomiteanu A. & Graham K. (2011). The association of drinking pattern with aggression involving alcohol and with verbal versus physical aggression. Contemporary Drug Problems 38 (Summer) 259-279.

  • Wells S. & Graham K. (2003). Aggression involving alcohol: Relationship to drinking patterns and social context. Addiction 98(1) 33-42.

  • Wells S. Graham K. & West P. (2000). Alcohol-related aggression in the general population. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 61(4) 626-632.

Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.683
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.752

CiteScore 2018: 0.64

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.313
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.456

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 76 45 0
PDF Downloads 45 31 0