The adoption of digital technologies, along with current economic realities, has affected the entire process of visual news production. It has also influenced the traditional concept of photojournalism. As a result, news photographers face multiple new challenges. Although visual news material is becoming ever more important, news organizations have cut back on employment, leaving those few who remain employed with additional workload and responsibilities. Based on interviews with photojournalists and photo editors, this article examines the current state of photojournalism and editorial processes in three Central European countries – the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia. Findings indicate that photojournalists and photo editors face ongoing developments in the photographic medium that significantly affect their working practices and routines. At the same time, they must deal with increasing workload, new responsibilities, competition and the challenges of maintaining quality in the digital age.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Allan Stuart (2006). Online News. Maidenhead UK: Open University Press.
Allan Stuart (2007). Citizen Journalism and the Rise of ‘Mass Self-communication’: Reporting the London bombings. Global Media Journal: Australian edition 1(1): 1-20.
Allan Stuart (2013a). Citizen Witnessing: Re-envisioning Journalism in Times of Crisis. Cambridge: Polity.
Allan Stuart. (2013b). Blurring Boundaries: Professional and Citizen Photojournalism in a Digital Age pp.183-200 in Lister Martin (ed.) The Photographic Image in Digital Culture (2nd ed.). London and New York: Routledge.
Anderson Monica (2013). At Newspapers Photographers Feel the Brunt of Job Cuts. Pew Research Center 11 November 2013 [online]. Available at <http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2013/11/11/at-newspapers-photographers-feel-the-brunt-of-job-cuts/>. [Accessed 15 September 2015].
Barthes Roland (1981). Camera Lucida. New York: Hill and Wang.
Bernstein Adam (2004). The Acknowledged Master of the Moment. The Washington Post 5 August 2004 [online]. Available at <http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A39981-2004Aug4.html>.
Bock Mary Angela (2008). Together in the Scrum: Practicing News Photography for Television Print and Broadband. Visual Communication Quarterly 15(3): 169-179.
Cacciatore Michael A. et al. (2012). Coverage of Emerging Technologies: A Comparison Between Print and Online Media. New Media & Society 14(6): 1039-1059.
Campbell David (2013) Visual Storytelling in the Age of Post-Industrialist Journalism. David Campbell. [Blog post] April 2013. Available at <https://www.david-campbell.org/multimedia/world-press-photo-multimedia-research/>. [Accessed 12 October 2016].
Cartier-Bresson Henri (1952). The Decisive Moment. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Deuze Mark (2003). The Web and its Journalisms: Considering the Consequences of Different Types of Newsmedia Online. New Media & Society 5(2): 203-230.
Deuze Mark (2004). What is Multimedia Journalism? Journalism Studies 5(2): 139-152.
Dobek-Ostrowska Boguslawa (2012). Journalism in Poland – Some Previous Research pp. 32-52 in Nygren Gunnar (ed.). Journalism in Russia Poland and Sweden: Traditions Cultures and Research. Huddinge: Södertörn University.
Fahmy Shahira & Smith Zoe C. (2003). Photographers Note Digital’s Advantages Disadvantages. Newspaper Research Journal 24(2): 82-96.
Greenwood Keith & Reinardy Scott (2011). Self-Trained and Self-Motivated: Newspaper Photojournalists Strive for Quality During Technological Challenges. Visual Communication Quarterly 18(3): 155-166.
Hadland Adrian; Campbell David & Lambert Paul (2015). The State of News Photography: The Lives and Livelihoods of Photojournalists in the Digital Age. Reuters Institute Report September 2015 [online]. Available at <http://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/publication/state-news-photography-lives-and-livelihoods-photojournalists-digital-age>. [Accessed 12 September 2016].
Johnstone John W.C. Slawski Edward J. & Bowman William W. (1976). The News People: A Sociological Portrait of American Journalists and Their Work. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Klein-Avraham Inbal & Reich Zvi (2014). Out of the Frame: A Longitudinal Perspective on Digitalization and Professional Journalism. New Media and Society 1 March 2016 [online]. Available at <http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/3/429>. DOI: 10.1177/1461444814545289.
Láb Filip Štefaniková Sandra & Topinková Martina (2016). Photojournalism in Central Europe: On Authenticity and Ethics. Journal of Central European Political Studies [online]. Available at <http://ssp.amu.edu.pl/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/2016-02-073.pdf>. [Accessed 12 October 2016]. DOI 10.14746/ssp.2016.2.5.
Láb Filip & Štefaniková Sandra (2016) ‘Just Click Click and Click!’. Photojournalism in print and online Czech news media pp. 131-158 in Pinto José Pinto & Rui Matoso (eds.). Art and Photography in Media Environments Editors. Lisabon: Edições Universitárias Lusófonas.
Langton Loup (2009). Photojournalism and Today’s News. Chichester UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
Lynch Lisa (2014). A Huge Cultural Change: Newsroom at La Press and The Montreal Gazette Reflect on the Shift to Digital First. ISOJ: International Symposium on Online Journalism 4(1) 43-60.
Mäenpää Jenni (2014). Rethinking Photojournalism: The Changing Work Practices and Professionalism of Photojournalists in the Digital Age. Nordicom Review 35(2): 91-104.
Mortensen Tara M. (2011). When Citizen Photojournalism Sets the News Agenda: Neda Agha Soltan as a Web 2.0 Icon of Post-Election Unrest in Iran. Global Media and Communication 7(1): 4-16.
Mortensen Tara M. (2014). Blurry and Centered or Clear and Balanced? Journalism Practice 1 April 2014 [online]. Available at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17512786.2014.892703. [Accessed 12 October 2016].
Patrick Caitlin & Allan Stuart (2013). The Camera as Witness: The Changing Nature of Photojournalism pp. 162-182 in Allan Stuart & Fowler-Watt Karen (eds.) Journalism: New Challenges. Bournemouth UK: Bournemouth University Centre for Journalism & Communication Research.
Newton Julianne H. (2009a) Photojournalism Ethics: A 21st-Century Primal Dance of Behavior Technology and Ideology pp.84-100 in Wilkins Lee & Christians Clifford G. (eds.). The Handbook of Mass Media Ethics. New York: Routledge.
Newton Julianne H. (2009b) Photojournalism: Do People Matter? Then Photojournalism Matters. Journalism Practice 3(2): 233-243.
Pavlik John V. (2000). The Impact of Technology on Journalism. Journalism Studies 1(2): 229-237.
Russial John (2000). How Digital Imaging Changes the Work of Photojournalists. Newspaper Research Journal 21(2): 69-83.
Russial John (2009). Growth of Multimedia Not Extensive at Newspapers. Newspaper Research Journal 30(3): 58-74.
Santana Arthur D. & Russial John (2013). Photojournalists’ Role Expands at Most Daily U.S. Newspapers. Newspaper Research Journal 34(1): 74-88.
Štefaniková Sandra & Láb Filip (2016). Transformation of Photojournalism Practice in the Czech Republic in the Age of Digital Technology. Journalism: Theory Practice and Criticism 9 August 2016 [online]. Available at: <http://jou.sagepub.com/content/early/2016/08/09/1464884916663622.abstract> [Accessed 12 October 2016.
Tejkalová Alice Němcová & Láb Filip (2016a). Czech Journalists in the 21st Century: Who Are They? Journal of Central European Political Studies [online]. Available at <http://ssp.amu.edu.pl/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/2016-02-015.pdf>. DOI 10.14746/ssp.2016.2.2
Tejkalová Alice Němcová & Láb Filip (2016b). Journalists in the Czech Republic. Worlds of Journalism Study – Country Report: Czech Republic. Research report.
Thurman Neil; Cornia Alessio & Kunert Jessica (2016). Journalists in the UK. Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism [online]. Available at <http://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/Journalists%20in%20the%20UK.pdf>. [Accessed 12 September 2016].
Yaschur Carolyn (2011). More with Less: Factors Influencing Photojournalists’ Changing Roles and Job Satisfaction. Paper presented at the 61st Annual International Communication Association Conference 25 May 2011 at Boston MA.
Yaschur Carolyn (2012a). Photojournalists Enjoy Web Work Additional Autonomy. Newspaper Research Journal 33(1): 71-85.
Yaschur Carolyn (2012b). Shooting the Shooter: How Experience Level Affects Photojournalistic Coverage of Breaking News Event. Visual communication Quarterly 19(3): 161-177.
Zarembska Kamila (2016). Socioeconomic Status and Working Conditions of Polish Photojournalists. Paper presented at the conference Helsinki Photomedia 2016 – Photographic Agencies and Materialities 30 March-1 April 2016 at Aalto University School of Arts Design and Architecture Helsinki.
Zavoina Susan & Reichert Tom (2000). Media Convergence/Management Change: The Evolving Workflow for Visual Journalists. The Journal of Media Economics 13(2): 143-151.