The present article analyses a case study in which the author experimented with use of the interventionist development dialogue method in journalism practice. Journalistic work is conceptualized as a network of multivoiced, contradictory, historically changing and artefact-mediated activity systems. Through the use of development dialogues, the study aimed at understanding and facilitating the innovation, change and expansive learning that can take place in relation to journalistic work. The data include collaboration between the researcher and four Finnish newspaper journalists, pre- and post-intervention interviews, and diaries kept by the journalists. The data were analysed using the methods of qualitative text analysis. The case study indicates that an interventionist research approach that focuses on journalists’ personal experiences and needs, and makes use of concrete development tasks, is of value to them. It fosters the imagination and the creation of novel journalistic and discursive practices that help journalists reflect on, understand and pursue journalism. As power relations and control impinged on and were manifest in the research process, the development task-oriented interventionist research approach calls for a thorough evaluation that looks at the power relations within an activity system and at the question of the political aim of an interventionist research approach.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Ahva L. (2010) Making news with citizens: Public journalism and professional reflexivity in Finnish newspapers. Tampere: Tampere University Press.
Bereiter C. (2002) ‘Design Research for Sustained Innovation’ Cognitive Studies Bulletin of the JapaneseCognitive Society 9(3): 321-327.
Cottle S. (2004) ‘Media Organisation and Production: Mapping the Field’ in Cottle S. (ed.) Media Organisationand Production London: Sage pp. 3-24.
Daniels H. and Warmington P. (2007) ‘Analysing Third Generation Activity Systems: Labour-power Subject Position and Personal Transformation’ Journal of Workplace Learning 19(6): 377-391.
de Bruin M. (2000) ‘Gender organization and professional identities in journalism’ Journalism TheoryPractice & Criticism 1(2): 217-238.
Deuze M. (2005) ‘What is Journalism? Professional Identity and Ideology of Journalists Reconsidered’ Journalism. Theory Practice & Criticism 6(4): 442-464.
Engeström Y. (2000) ‘Activity Theory as a Framework for Analyzing and Redesigning Work Ergonomics 43(7): 960-974.
Engeström Y. (2001) ‘Expansive Learning at Work: Toward an Activity Theoretical Reconcpetualization’ Journal of Education and Work 14(1):133-156.
Engeström Y. and Kerosuo H. (2007) ‘From Workplace Learning to Inter-organizational Learning and Back: the Contribution of Activity Theory’ Journal of workplace learning 19(6): 336-342.
Fairclough N. (1992) Discourse and Social Change. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Glasser T.L. and Craft S. (1997) ’Kansalaisjournalismi ja demokraattiset ideaalit’ (Public Journalism and the Search for Democratic Ideals) Tiedotustutkimus 20 (4): 22-36.
Hall S. (1997) ‘The Work of Representation’ in Hall S. (ed.) Representation: Cultural Representations andSignifying Practices London: Sage pp. 13-74.
Heikkilä H. (2001) Ohut ja vankka journalismi. Kansalaisuus suomalaisen uutisjournalismin käytännöissä1990-luvulla (Thin and Strong Journalism. Citizenship in Finnish News Practices in the 1990s). Tampere: Tampere University Press.
Helle M. (2010) Toimitustyö muutoksessa: toiminnan teoria ja mediakonseptin käsite tutkimuksen ja kehittämisen kehyksenä. (Challenges of Changing Journalistic Work. Activity Theory and Media Concepts as Tools for Understanding and Developing Work Practices in Newsrooms). Tampere: Tampere University Press. http://acta.uta.fi/pdf/978-951-44-8313-4.pdf
Helle M. (2002) ’Yksilötyöstä työyhteisön kehittämiseen - kehitysvuoropuhelu ”Paikallislehdessä”’ (From Individual Work to the Development of Workplace) Työ ja ihminen 16(3): 246-269.
Hill R. Capper P. Wilson K. Whatman R. and Wong K. (2007) ‘Workplace Learning in the New Zealand Apple Industry Network. A New Co-design Method for Government “Practice Making”’ Journal ofWorkplace Learning 19(6): 359-376.
Hujanen J. (2008) ‘RISC Monitor audience rating and its implications for journalistic practice. Journalism. Theory Practice and Criticism 9(2): 182-199.
Hujanen J. (2009) ‘Informing Entertaining Empowering. Finnish press journalists’ (re)negotiation of their tasks’ Journalism Practice 3(1):30-45.
Kemmis S. (2006) ‘Participatory Action Research and the Public Sphere’ Educational Action Research 14(4): 459-476.
Kemmis S. and Wilkinson M. (1998) ‘Participatory Action Research and the Study of Practice’ in Atweth B. Kemmis S. and Weeds P. (eds.) Action Research in Practice. Partnership for Social Justice inEducation London: Routledge pp. 21-36.
Kurki L. (2002) Sosiokulttuurinen innostaminen (SocioCultural Animation). Tampere: Vastapaino.
Kärreman D. and Alvesson M. (2001) ‘Making Newsmakers: Conversational Identity at Work’ OrganizationStudies 22(1): 59-89.