The Globalization of the Pavement

A Tanzanian Case Study

Open access

Abstract

This article investigates examples of citizen media production and communication (blogs and social media sites in Tanzania and its diasporas) in the immediate aftermath of the Gongo la Mboto blasts in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, February 2011.

At the centre is the relationship between media use and communication practices of the pavement - drawing from the notion of pavement radio - and the spaceship, i.e. a metaphor for traditional mass media, exemplified by policies and practices of the BBC and its World Service.

We argue that new social media practices as digital pavement radio are converging with traditional forms of street buzz and media use. Forms of oral communication are adapting towards the digital and filling information voids in an informal economy of news and stories in which media practices are stimulated by already ingrained traditions. An existing oral culture is paving the way for a globalization of the pavement.

Arntsen, Hilde (2006) ‘Researching Popular Culture. Notes from the Researcher Network on Studies of Popular Culture in Africa’s initial workshop’, in Glocal Times, 5/2006. http://webzone.k3.mah.se/projects/gt2/viewarticle.aspx?articleID=80&issueID=7

Arntsen, Hilde (2011) ‘Cyber Satire and the Quest for Alternative Communicative Spaces: New Meida in Zimbabwean Diasporas’. Seminar/Conference presentations, Malmö University, 4 June and Roskilde University, Performing Writing and Doing Ethnography, 6 June 2011.

Assmann, Jan (1995) ‘Collective Memory and Cultural Identity’, New German Critique no. 65: 125-133.

Assmann, Jan (2010) ‘Communicative and Cultural Memory’, in Erll and Nünning (eds) A Companion toCultural Memory Studies. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Barber, Karin (ed.) (1997) Readings in African Popular Culture, Bloomington, Indianapolis, Oxford: The International African Institute, Indiana University Press and James Currey.

Bourgault, L.M. (1995) Mass Media in Sub-Saharan Africa. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Briggs, Asa and Peter Burke (2005) A Social History of the Media. 2nd Edition. Cambrdige: Polity.

Ekström, Ylva (2010) We Are Like Chameleons. Changing Mediascapes, Cultural Identities and City Sistersin Dar es Salaam. PhD thesis, Uppsala University.

Ekström, Ylva, Hugo Boothby and Anders Høg Hansen (2011) ‘The Globalization of the Pavement’, ComDev webportal www.mah.se/comdev

Ellis, Stephen (1989) ’Tuning in to Pavement Radio’, in African Affairs, Vol. 88, No. 352, pp. 321-330.

Ellis, Stephen (2004) Worlds of Power. Oxford, UK: University of Oxford Press.

Hermida, A (2010) ‘Twittering the news: The emergence of ambient journalism’, in Journalism Practice, Vol. 4, No 3, pp. 297-308.

Hydén, Göran, Michael Leslie & Folu F. Ogundimu (eds.) (2002) Media and Democracy in Africa. Uppsala: The Nordic Africa Institute.

Jenkins, Henry (2006) Convergence Culture. Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press.

Kilimwiko, Lawrence (2007) “Tanzania”, in So this is Democracy? State of media freedom in Southern Africa2006, annual publication of the Media Institute of Southern Africa. Windhoek: MISA.

Mains, Daniel (2004) ‘Drinking, Rumour, and Ethnicity in Jimma, Ethiopia’, in Africa. The Journal of theInternational Africa Institute

Muthee Jones, J. and N. Mhando (2005) African Media Development Initiative: Tanzanina, BBC World Service Trust Report

Nyamnjoh, Francis B. (2005) Africa’s Media, Democracy and the Politics of Belonging. London: Zed Books.

Nyamnjoh, Francis B. (2011) ‘De-Westernizing Media Theory to Make Room for African experience”, in Wasserman, Herman (ed.) (2011) Popular Media, Democracy and Development in Africa. London/New York: Routledge.

Rosnow, R.L. and G.A. Fine (1976) Rumor and Gossip. New York: Elsevier

Spitulnik, Debra (2002) ‘Alternative Small Media and Communicative Practices’, in Hydén, Göran, Michael Leslie & Folu F. Ogundimu (eds.) (2002) Media and Democracy in Africa. Uppsala: The Nordic Africa Institute.

Sreberni-Mohammadi, Annabelle & Ali Mohammadi (1994) Small Media Big Revolutions. Communication,Culture and the Iranian Revolution. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.

Thompson, Mark (2010) Introduction to BBC Strategy Review. Retrieved Feb 2011 http://www.opendemocracy.net/ourkingdom/director-general-mark-thompsons-introduction-to-bbc-strategy-review

Tomaselli, K.G. (2009) “Repositioning African Media Studies: Thoughts and Provocations”, in Journal ofAfrican Media Studies 1:1 (pp. 9-21).

Triulizi, Alessandro (1996) ‘African cities, historical memory and street buzz’, in Chambers and Curti (eds) The Post-Colonial Question. London: Routledge

Uimonen, Paula (2009) ’Internet, Arts and Translocality in Tanzania’, in Social Anthropology, Journal of European Association of Social Anthropologists, 17:3.

Uimonen, Paula (2011) ’African Art Students and Digital Learning’, in Dunkels, E., Frånberg, G.-M. and Hällgren, C. (eds.) (2011) Interactive Media Use and Youth: Learning, Knowledge Exchange and Behavior. IGI Global.

Washington, Booker T (1901/2008) Up From Slavery: An Autobiography. Ohio: Toledo.

Wasserman, Herman (2011) ‘Introduction. Taking it to the streets’, in Wasserman, Herman (ed.) (2011) PopularMedia, Democracy and Development in Africa. London/New York: Routledge.

Willems, Wendy (2011) ‘At the crossroads of the formal and popular: convergence culture and new publics in Zimbabwe’, in Wasserman, Herman (ed.) (2011) Popular Media, Democracy and Development inAfrica. London/New York: Routledge.

World Service Annual Review 2009/2010 http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/specialreports/annual_review_2010.shtml Retrieved 24-10-2011

Nordicom Review

Journal from the Nordic Information Centre for Media and Communication Research (Nordicom)

Journal Information


CiteScore 2018: 0.54

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.223
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.270


Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 147 121 20
PDF Downloads 112 99 11