Becoming more Like Friends

Open access

Abstract

Mediated interaction plays a significant role in the social life of adolescents in Norway. The purpose of the present article is to examine the qualities of mediated interaction and the integration of mediated and immediate social spheres, suggesting that the ability to juggle between online and offline social spheres has become a characteristic element of social competence in network societies. More specifically, the analysis looks at the use of personal media for maintaining and developing existing social relationships and for extending social networks. Qualitative interviews with 20 Norwegian adolescents constitute the empirical base. The analysis explains how interaction takes on mundane forms, confirming the value of social relationships between in-person meetings. Moreover, it is argued that mediated communication differs from face-to-face communication, not by being less meaningful, but by enabling other forms of disclosing practices. Mediated forms of communication, hence, have an influence on the character of social ties and networks.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Allan G. (1989) Friendship: Developing a Sociological Perspective. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

  • Barabási A.-L. (2003) Linked: How Everything is Connected to Everything else and what it Means for Business Science and Everyday Life. New York: Plume.

  • Bargh J.A. McKenna K.Y.A. & Fitzsimons G.M. (2002) ‘Can You See the Real Me? Activation and Expression of the “True Self” on the Internet’ Journal of Social Issues 58(1): 33-48.

  • Barney D. (2004) ‘The Vanishing Table or Community in a World that is no World’ in Barney D. & Feenberg A. (eds.) Community in the Digital Age: Philosophy and Practice pp. 31-52. Lanham Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

  • Baym N. & Zhang Y.B. (2004) ‘Social Interactions Across Media. Interpersonal Communication on the Internet Telephone and Face-to-Face’ New Media and Society 6(3): 299-318.

  • Beck U. & Beck-Gernsheim E. (2002) Individualization: Institutionalized Individualism and Its Social and Political Consequences. London: Sage.

  • Berger P.L. & Luckmann T. (1967) The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Garden City N.Y.: Doubleday.

  • Blumer H. ([1969] 1998) Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

  • Boase J. Horrigan J.B. Wellman B. & Rainie L. (2006) The Strength of Internet Ties. Washington: Pew Internet & American Life Project.

  • Brandtzæg P.B. & Heim J. (2007) ‘Survey of online Communities’ in Brandtzæg P.B. (Ed.) Initial Context User and Social Requirements for the CITIZEN MEDIA Applications: Usage and Motivations in off- and online Communities pp. 13-40.

  • Brandtzæg P.B. & Stav B.H. (2004) ’Barn og unges skravling på nettet. Sosial støtte i cyberspace?’ [‘Online chatting among children and youth. Social support in cyberspace?’] Tidsskrift for Ungdomsforskning [Journal of Youth Research] 4 (1): 27-47.

  • Cavell T.A. (1990) ‘Social Adjustment Social Performance and Social Skills: A Tri-Component Model of Social Competence’ Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 1(2): 111-122.

  • Derlega V.J. (1993) Self-disclosure. Newbury Park Cal.: Sage.

  • Donath J. & Boyd D. (2004) ‘Public Displays of Connection’ BT Technology Journal 22(4): 71-82.

  • Ellison N. Heino R. & Gibbs J. (2006) ‘Managing Impressions Online: Self-Presentation Processes in the Online Dating Environment’ Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 11(2).

  • Fortunati L. (2005) ‘Is Body-to-Body Communication Still the Prototype?’ The Information Society 21(1): 53-61.

  • Gergen K.J. (2002) ‘The Challenge of the Absent Presence’ in Katz J.E. & Aakhus M.A. (Eds.) Perpetual Contact: Mobile Communication Private Talk Public Performance pp. 227-241. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Giddens A. (1991) Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge: Polity Press.

  • Goffman E. ([1959] 1990) The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. London: The Penguin Press.

  • Granovetter M.S. (1973) ‘The Strength of Weak Ties’ The American Journal of Sociology 78(6): 1360-1380.

  • Hall E.T. ([1966] 1969) The Hidden Dimension: Man’s Use of Space in Public and Private. London: The Bodley Head.

  • Haythornthwaite C.A. (2002) ‘Strong Weak and Latent Ties and the Impact of New Media’ The Information Society: an International Journal 18(5): 385-401.

  • Hegna K. (2005) “Likestillingsprosjektets” barn: endringer i kjønnsforskjeller blant ungdom fra 1992 til 2002 [The children of the gender equality project: transforming gender differences among youth between 1992 and 2002]. Oslo: Nova.

  • Heim J. Brandtzæg P.B. Hertzberg Kaare B. Endestad T. & Torgeresen L. (2007) ‘Children’s Usage of Media Technologies and Psychosocial Factors’ New Media & Society 9(3): 425-454.

  • Henderson S. & Gilding M. (2004) “I’ve Never Clicked This Much with Anyone in My Life”: Trust and Hyperpersonal Communication in Online Friendships’ New Media and Society 6(4): 487-506.

  • Herring S.C. (2004) ‘Slouching Toward the Ordinary: Current Trends in Computer-Mediated Communication’ New Media and Society 6(1): 26-36.

  • Hu Y. Fowler Wood J. Smith V. & Westbrook N. (2004) ‘Friendships through IM: Examining the Relationship between Instant Messaging and Intimacy’ Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 10(1).

  • Hutchby I. (2001) Conversation and Technology: From the Telephone to the Internet. Cambridge: Polity Press.

  • Jamieson L. (1998) Intimacy: Personal Relationships in Modern Societies. Cambridge: Polity Press.

  • Kendall L. (2002) Hanging Out in the Virtual Pub: Masculinities and Relationships Online. Berkeley Calif.: University of California Press.

  • Kraut R. Kiesler S. Boneva B. Cummings J. Helgeson V. & Crawford A. (2002) ‘Internet Paradox Revisited’ Journal of Social Issues 58 (1): 49-74.

  • Laursen B. (1996) ‘Closeness and Conflict in Adolescent Peer Relationships: Interdependence with Friends and Romantic Partners’ in Newcomb A.F. Hartup W.W. & Bukowski W.M. (Eds.) The Company they Keep: Friendships in Childhood and Adolescence pp. 186-210. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Lenhart A. Madden M. & Hitlin P. (2005) ‘Teens and Technology. Youth are Leading the Transition to a Fully Wired and Mobile Nation’ Pew Internet & American Life Project URL (consulted: 12 September 2006): http://www.pewinternet.org/report_display.asp?r=162

  • Licoppe C. & Smoreda Z. (2005) ‘Are Social Networks Technologically Embedded? How Networks are Changing Today with Changes in Communication Technology’ Social Networks 27(4): 317-335.

  • Ling R. (2004) The Mobile Connection: The Cell Phone’s Impact on Society. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

  • Livingstone S. & Bober M. (2004) UK Children Go Online. Surveying the Experiences from Young People and their Parents. London: Economic and Social Research Council.

  • Livingstone S. & Bober M. (2005) UK Children Go Online. Final Report of Key Project Findings. London: Economic and Social Research Council.

  • Lüders Marika (2007) ‘Private subjekter i digitale miljøer: iscenesettelse i endring?’ [Mediated subjects: how personal media affect performances of selves] in Lüders M. Prøitz L. & Rasmussen T. (Eds.) Personlige medier: Livet mellom skjermene pp. 226-246. Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk

  • Markham A. N. (1998) Life Online: Researching Real Experience in Virtual Space. Walnut Creek Calif.: Altamira Press.

  • McCall G.J. (2003) ‘Interaction’ in Reynolds L.T. & Herman-Kinney N.J. (Eds.) Handbook of Symbolic Interactionism pp. 327-348. Walnut Creek Calif.: AltaMira Press.

  • McKenna K.Y.A. Green A.S. & Gleason M.E.J. (2002) ‘Relationship Formation on the Internet: What’s the Big Attraction’ Journal of Social Issues 58 (1): 9-31.

  • Mesch G. & Talmud I. (2006) ‘Online Friendship Formation Communication Channels and Social Closeness’ International Journal of Internet Science 1(1): 29-44.

  • Meyrowitz J. (1986) No Sense of Place: The Impact of Electronic Media on Social Behavior. New York N.Y.: Oxford University Press.

  • Oksman V. & Turtiainen J. (2004) ‘Mobile Communication as a Social State: Meanings of Mobile Communication in Everyday Life among Teenagers in Finland’ New Media and Society 6(3): 319-339.

  • Papacharissi Z. (2002) ‘The Presentation of Self in Virtual Life: Characteristics of Personal Home Pages’ Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly: Published by the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication 79(3): 643-660.

  • Poster M. (2001) What’s the Matter with the Internet? Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

  • Rasmussen T. (2007) ‘Nettverksintegrasjon og personlige medier’ [Network integration and personal media] in Lüders M. Prøitz L. & Rasmussen T. (Eds.) Personlige medier: livet mellom skjermene [Personal media: life between screens] pp. 247-269. Oslo: Gyldendal.

  • Statistics Norway (2005) ‘Norsk mediebarometer 2004’ [Norwegian media barometer 2004] Statistics Norway URL (consulted: 12 January 2007): http://www.ssb.no/emner/07/02/30/medie/

  • Sveningsson M. (2001) Creating a Sense of Community: Experiences from a Swedish Web Chat. Linköping: Tema Univ.

  • Tidwell L.C. & Walther J.B. (2002) ‘Computer-Mediated Communication Effects on Disclosure Impressions and Interpersonal Evaluations’ Human Communication Research 28(3): 317-348.

  • Torgersen L. (2004) Ungdoms digitale hverdag: bruk av PC Internett TV-spill og mobiltelefon blant elever på ungdomsskolen og videregående skole [The digital everyday life of youths: use of PC the Internet computer-games and mobile phones among pupils in secondary school and high school]. Oslo: Nova.

  • Tönnies F. & Loomis C.P. (1955) Community and Association. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

  • Walther J.B. (1996) ‘Computer-Mediated Communication: Impersonal Interpersonal and Hyperpersonal Interaction’ Communication Research 23(1): 3-43.

  • Wellman B. (2001) ‘The Persistence and Transformation of Community: From Neighbourhood Groups to Social Networks’ The Law Commission of Canada.

  • Wellman B. (2002) ‘Little Boxes Glocalization and Networked Individualism’ in Tanabe M. van den Besselaar P. & Ishida T. (Eds.) Digital Cities II: Computational and Sociological Approaches pp. 10-25. Berlin: Springer.

  • Wellman B. & Haythornthwaite C.A. (2002) The Internet in Everyday Life. Oxford: Blackwell.

  • Yin R.K. (1994) Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Thousand Oaks Calif: Sage.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.54

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.223
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.270


Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 284 190 8
PDF Downloads 120 93 4