The Nordic Journalists of Tomorrow

An Exploration of First Year Journalism Students in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden

Open access

Abstract

The present article summarizes the findings of a survey among first-year journalism students in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway. The survey covers a wide array of subjects including social recruitment, motivation for studying journalism, preferences regarding future journalistic working life, views on the role of journalism in society, attitudes toward the profession, journalistic ideals and ideas about what are the most important traits for journalists. The study reveals significant differences between journalism students in the Nordic countries. The analysis appears to support a ‘nation type’ interpretation of attitudes among journalists, linked to different national traditions, in explaining the differences found. Our results clearly indicate the importance of traditional sociological explanations of behavior for the understanding of journalistic preferences and ambitions. For example, the choice of preferred topics is strongly gendered and appears as the sexual division of labor sublimated into journalistic preferences.

Adam, G.S. (2001) ‘The Education of Journalists’, Journalism 2(3): 315-339.

Adams, D. and L. Duffield (2005) Profiles of Journalism Education: What Students Are Being Offered in Australia. Journalism Education Conference, Griffith.

Alme, B., J.P. Vestad, et al. (1997) Mot alle vindar. Mediefag i Volda 1971-96. Volda: Høgskulen i Volda.

Bjørnsen, G. (2003) Journalister i støpeskjeen? Om holdninger til yrke og utdanning blant journaliststudentene i Volda og Oslo. HiO-rapport 23. Oslo: Høgskulen i Oslo.

Bjørnsen, G. (2003b) Flerkulturell bakgrunn som journalistisk kompetanse? Nordisk Journalistcenter. Århus, www.njc.dk/farver

Bjørnsen, G., J.F. Hovden and R. Ottosen. (2006) Norwegian Journalism Students: Sensation Seekers or Idealists? Dresden: ICA 2006.

Bjørnsen, G., J.F. Hovden and R. Ottosen. (2007a) ‘Journalists in the Making. Findings from a Longitudinal Study of Norwegian Journalism Students’, Journalism Practice, 1(3): 383-403. Routledge.

Bjørnsen, G., J.F. Hovden and R. Ottosen. (2007b) ’Fra valp til vaktbikkje. En longitudinell studie av norske journaliststudenter’, Nordicom Information 29(4): 57-70.

Bjørnsen, G., J.F. Hovden, R. Ottosen, I. Schultz and H. Zilliacus-Tikkanen (2007) The Nordic Journalism Student. A Cross-national Study. Paper presented at the IAMCR conference Media, Communication, Information: Celebrating 50 Years of Theories and Practices, Paris, July 23-25, 2007.

Bourdieu, P. (1984) Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Bourdieu, P. (1998) On Television and Journalism. London, Pluto Press.

Bourdieu, P. (2000) Pascalian Meditations. Oxford: Polity Press.

Compton, J., Mike Gasher and David Skinner (2001) ‘Putting Theory to Practice: A Critical Approach to Journalism

Studies’, Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism 2(3): 341-360, Sage Publications.

Deuze, M. (2006) ‘Global Journalism Education’, Journalism Studies 7(1): 19-34.

Durkheim, É. (1997) The Division of Labor in Society. New York: Free Press.

Eide, M. (ed.) (2001) Til dagsorden! Journalistikk, makt og demokrati. Makt-og demokratiutredningen 1998-2003. Oslo: Gyldendal akademisk.

Glasser, T.L. (ed.) (2007) The Idea of Public Journalism. New York: Guilford Press.

Hallin, D.C. and P. Mancini (2004) Comparing Media Systems. Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hanna, M., A. Ball, et al. (2006) ‘What British Journalism Students Think about Ethics and Journalism.’ Journalism and Mass Communication Editor 61(1).

Holm, H.-H. (2003) Journalism Education in Denmark: The Challenges of the Market and Politics. Journalism Education in Europe and North America. New York: Hampton Press.

Huber-Humes, S. (2007) ‘The Real Who, What, When, and Why of Journalism’, Chronicle of Higher Education 53(20).

Høst, S. (2004) Hva er en avis? Avisbegrepet fra Hellerudkomiteen til Se og Hør. Fredrikstad, Institutt for Journalistikk.

Høyer, S. and Ø. Ihlen (1998) ’Journalisters utdanning og yrkeserfaring. Et historisk tilbakeblikk’, Norsk medietidsskrift(2).

Lönnroth, A. (1997) Journalism Training in Europe. Maastricht : European Journalism Training Association / EJTA.

Molander, B. (1996) Kunskap i handling. Göteborg: Bokförlaget Daidalos AB.

Ottosen, R. (1997) ’Akademisk, kommersiell eller distriktspolitisk? Journalistutdanningens jakt på identitet’, Norsk medietidskrift nr. 1, 1997.

Ottosen, R. (2004) I journalistikkens grenseland. Journalistrollen mellom marked og idealer. Kristiansand: IJ/Høyskoleforlaget.

Ragin, C. and D. Zaret (1983) ‘Theory and Method in Comparative Research: Two Strategies’, Social Forces 61(3): 731-754.

Ruusunoksa, L. (2006) Public Journalism and Public Sphere(s) Citizen-oriented Public Sphere at National, Regional and Local Context. Paper presented at Public Sphere(s) and Their Boundaries, Tampere 25.–27.5.2006.

Raaum, O. (1999) Pressen er løs! Fronter i journalistenes faglige frigjøring. Oslo: Pax.

Salokangas, R. (2003) ‘Finland: The Road to Consensus in Journalism Education’, in R. Fröhlich and C. Holtz-Bacha: Journalism Education in Europe and North America. New York: Hampton Press.

Schultz, I. (2005) Bag om nyhetskriterierne. Roskilde: Roskilde Universitetscenter, Institut for Kommunikation, Journalistik og Datalogi.

Schultz, I. (2007) ’The Journalistic Gut Feeling’, Journalism Practice 1(2): 190-207.

Skog, O-J. (2004) Å forklare sosiale fenomener. En regresjonsbasert tilnærming. Oslo: Gyldendal.

Splichal, S. and C. Sparks (1994) Journalists for the 21st Century : Tendencies of Professionalization among First-year Students in 22 countries. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex Pub.

Syvertsen, T. (1997) Den store TV-krigen : norsk allmennfjernsyn 1988-96. Bergen-Sandviken, Fagbokforlaget

Weaver, D.H. (ed.) (1998) The Global Journalist. New Jersey: Hampton Press.

Østgaard, E. (1978) Pressen i Norden. En bok om pressen i de nordiske land: dens historie, dens oppgaver, dens problemer. Oslo: Gyldendal.

Nordicom Review

Journal from the Nordic Information Centre for Media and Communication Research (Nordicom)

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.61

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.380
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.472


Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 120 120 24
PDF Downloads 68 68 6