E-paper News Publishing

Open access


Electronic distribution is challenging the newspaper industry to seek new ways of publishing; consequently, news content could be processed on and for a variety of output platforms. Electronic paper (e-paper) could turn into a major newspaper publishing channel due to its ability to display content in a paper-like manner, with lower weight, lower power consumption, and facilitated handling compared to a computer, but without the major publishing and distribution costs associated with printed newspapers.

This work is based on seven case studies of newspaper companies in Sweden, Europe and North America, and analyses newspaper companies’ views on future e-paper publishing. The objective has been to examine the conditions that would enable the e-paper medium to become viable as a newspaper-publishing channel.

Newspaper companies regard the idea of a future e-paper edition as very promising, but are uncertain as to what strategy to use. The final product will be a balance between cost, reorganization, the available number of rich media, and updates. Based on the companies’ views, five models of how to incorporate an e-paper publishing channel into existing newspaper production have been proposed. The appropriateness of the models depends on each newspaper company’s conditions, including assets, consumer base and demographics, current workflow, and future strategies.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • AFAICS Research (2005) Technology E-paper The Future of Print http://epaper.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&task=section&id=5&Itemid=31 Accessed Aug 15 2006.

  • Alström B.; Enlund N.; Hedman L.; and Hvitfelt H. (2001) En föränderlig medievärld. Teknik ekonomi och journalistik [A changing media world. Technology economy and journalism] Stockholm: VINNOVA (Teldok rapport 141).

  • Alves R.C. (2001) ‘The Future of Online Journalism: Metamorphosis or Mediacide?’ Info - The Journal of Policy Regulation and Strategy for Telecommunications 3(1) pp. 63-72.

  • Amundson K. (2005) ‘Electrophoretic Imaging Films for Electronic Paper Displays’ in Crawford G.P. Flexible Flat Panel Displays Chichester West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons pp. 369-392.

  • Bergström A. (2004) ’Internet’ [Internet] in Carlsson U. and Facht U. (eds.) MedieSverige - Statistik och analys. Göteborg: Nordicom p. 195.

  • Bergström A. (2005) nyhetsvanor.nu : nyhetsanvändning på internet 1998 till 2003 [News online News consumption practices on the Internet 1998 to 2003] Göteborg University: Dept. of Journalism and Mass Communication (Dr Diss).

  • Beyers H. (2005) ‘Tomorrow’s Newsp@pers: Online or Still Made Out of Paper? A Study on Perceptions Opinions and Attitudes Towards Online Newspapers’ Informació on line pp. 347-362.

  • Boczkowski P.J. (2002) ‘The Development and Use of Online Newspapers: What Research Tells Us and What We Might Want to Know’ in Lievrouw L. and Livingstone S. (eds.) The Handbook of New Media Trowbridge: SAGE Publications pp. 270-285.

  • Boczkowski P.J. (2004) Digitizing the News - Innovation in Online Newspapers p.4 Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.

  • Borrell G. (2007) gborrell@borrellassociates.com Online Newspaper Revenues [Online] Jan 11 2007.

  • Bryman A. (2001) Social Research Methods. New York: Oxford University Press.

  • Burke J. (Jun 2006) ‘Experimenting with e-paper: Microsoft NYT and deTijd’ World Editors Forum (June 2006) The Editors Weblog http://www.editorsweblog.org/editors_forum/2006/06/experimenting_with_epaper_microsoft_nyt.php Accessed Aug 19 2006.

  • Caravaj D. (Apr 2006) ‘Newspapers Worldwide are Testing e-devices’ International Herald Tribune www.iht.com/articles/2006/04/23/business/epapers25.php Accessed Aug 5 2006.

  • Carlsson U. and Facht U. (eds.) (2004) MedieSverige - Statistik och analys. Göteborg: Nordicom.

  • Crawford G.P. (2005) ‘Flexible Flat Panel Display Technology’ in Crawford G.P. Flexible Flat Panel Displays Chichester West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons pp. 1-10.

  • Dawson C. (2002) Practical Research Methods - A User-Friendly Guide to Mastering Research Techniques and Projects. Oxford: How To Books.

  • Deleersnyder B. Geyskens I. Gielens K. and Dekimpe M.G. (2002) ‘How Cannibalistic is the Internet Channel? A Study of the Newspaper Industry in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands’ International Journal of Research in Marketing 19 pp. 337-348.

  • Duran M. (Dec 2003) ‘Rocky Mountain News First to Distribute Newsbook Online’ Newspapers & Technology.

  • Ebook2u (2004) ‘Matsushita Electric to Launch Foldable E-book’ eBook 2u/ News http://www.ebook2u.com/ebooknews/MatsushitaElectrictoLaunch.shtml Aug 19 2006.

  • Ebook Society (2006) ‘Japanese Electronics Companies Launch New e-book Readers’ The e-book Society http://freespace.virgin.net/nick.hampshire/news/news002.htm Accessed Aug 19 2006.

  • Edelman M. (1998) Proceedings of the fifty-third Annual Conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research Pub. Opinion Quart. 62 pp. 434-440.

  • E-ink (2005) High Resolution Displays http://www.eink.com/products/matrix/High_Res.html Accessed Aug 23 2006.

  • Engebretsen M. (2006) ‘Shallow and Static or Deep and Dynamic-Studying the State of Online Journalism in Scandinavia’ Nordicom Review 27 (1) pp. 3-16.

  • Ewart J. (Sept 2003) ‘News Connection: Regional Newspapers and the Web Transformations transformations.cqu.edu.au/journal/journal.shtml Accessed Mar 17 2006.

  • Fetscherin M. and Knolmayer G. (2004) ‘Business Models for Content Delivery: An Empirical Analysis of the Newspaper and Magazine Industry’ The International Journal on Media Management 6(1&2) pp. 4-11.

  • Fidler R. (1997) Mediamorphosis. Understanding New Media. Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press.

  • Fidler R. (2000) ‘Newspapers in 2020: Paper vs. Digital Delivery and Display’ Media Future of Print Media Journal pp. 1-5.

  • Fidler R. (2005) ‘Creating Digital Newsbooks Newspapers Use them to Bring Enterprise Reporting to a New Audience on the Web’ Nieman Reports pp. 39-40.

  • Foss K. (Dec 2002) ‘Modern Moses Puts Faith in Tablet and PDF’ Planet PDF Weblog www.planetpdf.ocm/mainpage.asp?webpageid=2512 Accessed Aug 5 2006.

  • Gatingnon H.A. and Robertson T.S. (Mar 1985) ‘A Prepositional Inventory for New Diffusion Research’ Journal of Consumer Research 11(4) pp. 849-867.

  • Glaser A. and Strauss B. (1967) The Discovery of Grounded Theory. New York: Aldine.

  • Hedman L. (2004) Dagstidningar på nätet. [Daily Newspapers on Internet] in Carlsson U. and Facht U. (eds.) MedieSverige - Statistik och analys. Göteborg: Nordicom pp. 85-89.

  • Hoffner R. (2004) Display Resolution TV Technology.com http://www.tvtechnology.com/features/Tech-Corner/f_technology_corner-04.07.04.shtml Accessed Sep 17 2006.

  • IABEurope - Interactive Advertising Bureau Europe (2006) Small Ads are. Flooding away From Newspapers and Onto the Internet www.digitalstrategyconsulting.com/IABeurope/IAB_Europe_stories/Story_149.htm Accessed Mar 21 2006.

  • IEC - International Engineering Consortium (2005) Business Process Revolution Understanding the need for change www.iec.org/online/tutorials/bus_proc/topic01.html Accessed Apr 5 2006.

  • Ifra (2006) eNews project Takes Mobile e-reading lead. Ifra press release www.ifra.com Accessed Aug 23 2006.

  • iRex (2006.) Technical specs http://www.irextechnologies.com/products/iliad/specs Accessed Dec 4 2006.

  • Johnson M.T. and Zhou G. (May 2005) Designing e-Books that Will Be Comfortable to Use Information Display 21 (7) pp. 16-20.

  • Karlsson M. (2006) Nätjournalistik : en explorativ fallstudie av digitala mediers karaktärsdrag på fyra svenska nyhetssajter. [Net journalism - an exploratory case study of characteristics of digital media of four Swedish news sites] Lund University: Media and Communication Science (Dr.Diss).

  • Leckner S. and Nordqvist S. (2002) Soft Proofing using LCDS - Case Newspaper Workflows Proceedings of the TAGA 2002 Conference Ashville USA pp. 367-378.

  • Leckner S. and Nordqvist S. (2003) Tolerance Levels for Standards in Premedia Colour Workflows Proceedings of the TAGA 2003 Conference’ Montreal pp. 90-108.

  • Lewis K. (May 2004) Australian Newspapers Online: Four Business Models Revisited Media International Australia 111 pp. 1-19.

  • MacDonald B.A. Rollins K. MacKerron D. Rakos K. Eveson R. Hashimoto K. and Rustin B. (2005) Engineered Films for Display Technologies in Crawford G.P. Flexible Flat Panel. Displays. Chichester West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons pp. 11-34.

  • Miles M.B. and Huberman A.M. (1984) Qualitative Data Analysis - A Sourcebook of New Methods 2nd ed. Beverly Hills CA: SAGE Publications.

  • Miller K.L. (May 2004) Paper is Dead - Take 2 Newsweek International Edition 10 www.msnbc.msn.com Accessed Sept 11 2004.

  • Mings S. and White P.B. (1997) Making Money from the Web? Business Models for Online News Business Brief 1 La Trobe University Melbourne Australia.

  • Molina A. (1997) Issues and Challenge in the Evolution of Multimedia: The Case of the Newspaper Futures 29 pp. 193-212.

  • NAA - Newspaper Association of America (2005) Print and Online Newspaper Advertising Up 2.4% in Q3; Up 2.9% in First Nine Months of 2005 www.naa.org/Advertising-and-Marketing/Trends-and-Numbers Accessed Mar 20 2006.

  • Nordicom-Sveriges Mediebarometer 2004 MedieNotiser 1 2005 Göteborg: Nordicom.

  • Nordicom-Sveriges Internetbarometer 2004 MedieNotiser 2 2005 Göteborg: Nordicom.

  • Peng F. Them N and Xiaoming H. (1999) Trends in Online Newspapers: A Look at the US Web Newspaper Research Journal 20 (2) pp. 52-63.

  • Pew Research Center for the People and the Press (1999) Online Newcomers More Middle-Brow Less Work-Oriented: The Internet News Audience Goes Ordinary people-press.org/dataarchive/#1999 Accessed May 23 2006.

  • Picard R.G. and Brody J.H. (1997) The Newspaper Publishing Industry. Needham Heights MA: Allyn and Bacon.

  • Prismo (2006) Screen Comparison http://www.prismo.ch/comparisons/notebook.php Accessed Sep 17 2006.

  • Rogers E.M. (2003) Diffusions of Innovations 5th ed. New York NY: Free Press p. 215.

  • Rosenberg J. (Dec 2002) The Tablet PC’s Implications For Newspapers Editor & Publisher.

  • Schiff F. (Jun 2003) ‘Business Models of News Web Sites’ First Monday - Peer Reviewed Journal on the Internet 8 (6).

  • Schroeder D. (Feb 2006) Belgian Newspaper to Become First ‘Paperless’ Daily Monsters and Critics http://tech.monstersandcritics.com/features/article_1095798.php/Belgian_newspaper_to_become_first_paperless_daily Accessed Aug 19 2006.

  • SNM - State of the news media (2006) ‘Economics Rich media Online’ http://www.stateofthenewsmedia.org/2006/narrative_online_economics.asp?cat=4&media=4 Accessed Dec 21 2006.

  • Sony (2006) Sony Reader www.sonystyle.com/ Accessed Dec 4 2006.

  • Sparks C. (2000) ‘From Dead Trees to Live Wires: The Internet’s Challenge to the Traditional Newspaper’ in Curran J. and Gurevitch M. (eds.) Mass Media and Society 3rd ed. London: Hodder Headline Group pp. 269-292.

  • Stafford T.F. (Nov 2003) ‘Differentiating Between Adopter Categories in the Uses and Gratifications for Internet Services’ IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 50(4) p. 427.

  • Stahl F. Schäfer M-F. and Maass W. (2004) ‘Strategies for Selling Paid Content on Newspaper and Magazine Web Sites: An Empirical Analysis of Bundling and Splitting of News and Magazine Articles’ The International Journal on Media Management 6(1&2) pp. 59-66.

  • Stake R. (1995) The Art of Case Study Research. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications.

  • Strauss B. and Corbin J. (1998) Basics of Qualitative Research 2nd ed. London: Sage Publications.

  • SVT - Sveriges Television (Feb 2006) In Swedish: The Digital Gulf is Getting Larger svt.se/svt/jsp/ Crosslink.jsp?d=22620&a=546822&lid=puff_546833&lpos=lasMer Accessed May 29 2006.

  • Thomas L. (Mar 2006) ‘Tabloids as Tablets? Here Comes E-paper Press’ Gazette www.pressgazette.co.uk/article/230306/tabloids_as_tablets_here_comes_epaper.

  • Toner M. (2006) ‘Tablet PCs Open the (Bathroom) Door’ Newspaper Association of America www.naa.se/TechNewsPub/New-Media/Wireless/Tablet-PCs-Open-te-(Bathroom)-Door.aspx Assessed Aug 5 2006.

  • TS - Tidningsstatistik (2006) ‘Upplagor och siffror - dagspress’ [Editions and numbers - Daily press] www.ts.se/TSNet/Public/CirculationAndNumbers.aspx?showPnl=tsdagspress Accessed Mar 13 2006.

  • TU - Tidningsutgivarna (2005) Svensk dagspress 2005 - Fakta om marknad och medier. [Swedish daily press 2005 - Facts of market and media] pp. 1-25.

  • TU - Tidningsutgivarna (2006) Svensk dagspress 2006 - Fakta om marknad och medier. [Swedish daily press 2005 - Facts of market and media] pp. 1-26.

  • WAN - World Association of Newspapers (2001) World Press Trends - the 54th World Newspaper Congress www.wan-press.org/ce/previous/2001/congress/forum Accessed Mar 16 2006.

  • WAN - World Association of Newspapers (2006) World Press Trends: Newspaper Circulation Advertising Increases World Press Trends 2006 www.wan-press.org/article11185.html Accessed Jul 6 2006.

  • Weibull L. (2004) Dagspress [Daily press] in Carlsson U. and Facht U. (eds.) MedieSverige - statistik och analys. Göteborg: Nordicom pp. 75-83.

  • Yin. R.K. (1994) Case Study Research - Design and Methods 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.54

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.223
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.270

Cited By
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 262 202 8
PDF Downloads 93 65 1