Radio and television program production are being digitalized, but we are still not very familiar with the implications of digitalization for journalistic professions. A qualitative case study was conducted in order to understand how journalistic job descriptions and competencies change with digitalization and how these changes are experienced in terms of the quality of working life. The results suggest that changes in job descriptions can occur in different ways: by transferring tasks from one job description to another, by fusing two or more job descriptions or by adding new tasks to the traditional job descriptions. Changes in competencies were brought about by the digitalization of production technology, changes in job descriptions and the emergence of new media and new working practices. The job descriptions of journalists became more post-bureaucratic, whereas those of editors remained bureaucratic. Especially changes in competencies were experienced as stressful. The interviewees also experienced that the quality of the programs had decreased, at least during the early phases of digitalization.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Adler P.S. & Borys B. (1996) Two Types of Bureaucracy: Enabling and Coercive. Administrative Science Quarterly 41 (1) 61-89.
Baytos K. & Kleiner B.H. (1995) New Developments in Job Design. Business Credit 97 (2) 22-28.
Carlson P. (1999) Information Technology and Organizational Change. Proceedings of the 17th Annual international Conference on Computer Documentation 1999 New Orleans Louisiana USA 25-35.
Chang Boon Lee P. (2002) Career Goals and Career Management Strategy Among Information Technology Professionals. Career Development International 7 6-13.
Dess G.D. Rasheed A.M.A. McLaughlin K.J. & Priem R.L. (1995) The New Corporate Architecture. The Academy of Management Executive 9 (3) 7-20.
Drotner K. (2002) New Media New Options New Communities? Towards a Convergent Media and ICT Research. Nordicom Review 2002 (1-2) 11-22.
Fishman M. (1997) News and Nonevents: Making the Visible Invisible. In Berkowitz D. (ed.) (1997) Social Meaning of News: A Text Reader. CA: Sage Publications pp. 210-229.
Giuliano V.E. (1991) The Mechanization of Office Work. In C. Dunlop & R. Kling (eds) Computerization and Controversy. Value Conflicts and Social Choices. San Diego: Academic Press pp. 200-212
Heckscher C. (1994) Defining the Post-Bureaucratic Type. In C. Heckscher & A. Donnellon (eds.) The Post-Bureaucratic Organization. New Perspectives on Organizational Change. CA: Sage Publications pp. 14-62.
Helle M. (2000) Disturbances and Contradictions as Tools for Understanding Work in the Newsroom. Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems 12 81-114.
Helminen N. Suolanen S. Järvenpää E. & Immonen S. (2002) The Lifecycle of Competencies. In H. Luczak A.E. Çakir & G. Çakir (eds.) World Wide Work. Proceedings of the 6th International Scientific Conference on Work With Display Units Berchtesgaden May 22-25 2002. Berlin: Ergonomic Institut für Arbeits- und Sozialforschung.
Helminen N. Suolanen S. Järvenpää E. & Immonen S. (2003) The Impact of Digitalization on Job- Descriptions Competencies and Well-being in Television News Production. In the proceedings of Work Stress and Health: New Challenges in a Changing Workplace Conference Toronto - Canada March 19-22 2003.
Hirschhorn L. & Gilmore T. (1992) The New Boundaries of the “Boundaryless” Company. Harvard Business Review 70 (5/6) 104-115.
Huovila T. (1998) Digitalization Converges the Properties of Media in News (in Finnish) In T. Perko & R. Salokangas (eds.) Ten Questions on Journalism. Jyväskylä: Atena pp. 225-249.
Høyer S. & Lauk E. (2003) The Paradoxes of the Journalistic Profession. Nordicom Review 2003 (2) 3-17.
Isotalus P. Palosaari A. & Muukkonen H. (2003) Links with the Past. Reading News from PDA and Comparing It to Other Media. Nordicom Review 2003 (2) 55-62.
King R. (1986) The Social Dimensions of Computerization. CHI/GI 1987 Conference Proceedings on Human Factors in Computing Systems and Graphics Interface Toronto Ontario Canada 337-339.
Kraut R. Dumais S. & Koch S. (1989) Computerization Productivity and Quality of Work Life. Communications of the ACM 32 (2) 220-238.
Lewis R. (1999) The Role of Technology in Learning: Managing to Achieve a Vision. British Journal of Educational Technology 30 (2) 141-150.
Martinsons M.G. & Cheung C. (2001) The Impact of Emerging Practices on IS Specialists: Perceptions Attitudes and Role Changes in Hong Kong. Information & Management 38 167-183.
Miles M.B. & Huberman M. (1994) Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. CA: Sage Publications.
Rintala N. (2005) Technological Change and Job Redesign Implications for the Quality of Working Life. Helsinki University of Technology Department of Industrial Engineering and Management (Diss).
Schabracq M.J. & Cooper C.L. (2000) The Changing Nature of Work and Stress. Journal of Managerial Psychology 15 (3) 227-241.
Seelig M. (2002) The Impact of New Technologies on Journalistic Routines. Web Journal of Mass Communication Research 6 (1)
Skogerbø E. (1998) Technology as a Cause of Change. Nordicom Review 1998 (1) 53-58.
Slotterøy Johnsen S. (2004) News Technology. Deconstructing and Reconstructing News. Nordicom Review 2004 (1-2) 237-257.
Suolanen S. Helminen N. Järvenpää E. & Immonen S. (2002) The Lifecycle of Competencies. The Impacts of Digitalization on Job-Descriptions Competencies Well-Being and Equality (In Finnish) Helsinki University of Technology TAI Research Centre (Working Paper No 29).
Teinilä-Smíd I. (2000) Content Production in the Digital Television Environment. Tampereen yliopisto Tietoyhteiskunnan tutkimuskeskus (Working Rep. No. 11).
Tufte B. (2003) Girls in the New Media Landscape. Nordicom Review 2003 (1) 71-78.
Toppinen S. & Kalimo R. (1997) Sense of Competence and Sense of Coherence as Health Resources in Computer Professionals. In P. Seppälä T. Luopajärvi C.-H. Nygård & M. Mattila (eds.) From Experience to Innovation. Proceedings of the 13th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association. Helsinki: Finnish Institute of Occupational Health pp. 318-319.
Tuchman G. (1978) Making News: A Study in the Construction of Reality. NY: The Free Press.
Wartella E. (2002) New Generations - New Media. Nordicom Review 2002 (1-2) 23-36.