Responses of Aspergillus niger to selected environmental factors

Alexandra Šimonovičová 1 , Sanja Nosalj 1 , Alžbeta Takáčová 2 , Tomáš Mackuľak 3 , Karol Jesenák 4 , and Slavomír Čerňanský 2
  • 1 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Natural Sciences Comenius University, SK-842 15, Bratislava
  • 2 Department of Environmental Ecology, Faculty of Natural Sciences Comenius University, SK-842 15, Bratislava
  • 3 Department of Environmental Engineering, Institute of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak University of Technology, SK-812 37, Bratislava
  • 4 Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences Comenius University, SK-842 15, Bratislava

Abstract

Four wild type strains of A. niger were collected from soil and stream sediments representing environments with variable level of As, Sb, Al, Fe, Cd, Cu, and Zn contamination. Banská Štiavnica-Šobov (S), Pezinok-Kolársky vrch (P) and Slovinky (Sl) represent contaminated localities. Locality Gabčíkovo (G) was as a control site. The influence of toxic elements in these substrates on fungal growth, colony size, enzymatic activity, production of organic acids and their pelletization in water suspensions with montmorillonite was studied. The aim of our study was to find out how the wild type strains from (contaminated) environment will behave in different model solutions. We also wanted to add some new information in this area of study, because that there is some gap in the available knowledge.

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