Can β-D-Glucan Protect Oat Seeds against a Heat Stress?

Open access

Abstract

Plants have evolved to live in environments where they are often exposed to different stress factors. Being sessile, they have developed specific mechanisms that allow them to detect precisely environmental changes and respond to complex conditions, minimizing damage while conserving valuable resources for growth and reproduction. The cell wall polysaccharide β-D-glucan observed in some species of Poales can determine responses to various environmental factors in specific plant developmental stages. It is located in the outer epidermal layer, at the place of stress attack and therefore its metabolism could relate to response of plant to environmental factors within moderate, physiological range. Putative protective role of β-D-glucan during heat stress was indicated through naked oats with higher content of β-D-glucan. It appeared that oats with higher β-D-glucan content are better adapted to stress conditions. The presented article discusses the β-D-glucan as a possible protective mechanism in oat during (heat) stress conditions.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • AMES N. RHYMER C. ROSSNAGEL B.: Genotype and environment effects on oat β-glucan total dietary fiber and antioxidant activity. Agriculture Agri-Food Canada 15 2006 1-9.

  • AOAC METHOD 995.16: β-D-Glucan in barley and oats streamlined enzymatic method. AOAC International. Maryland 2000.

  • BHATTY R.S. MACGREGOR A.W. ROSSNAGEL B.G.: Total and acid-soluble β-glucan content in hulless and its relationship to acid-extract viscosity. Cereal Chem. 68 1991 221-227.

  • BUCKERIDGE M.S. RAYON C. URBANOWICZ B. TINÉ M.A.S. CARPITA N.C.: Mixed linkage (1→3)(1→4)-β-D-glucans of grasses. Cereal Chem. 81 2004 115-127.

  • BUTT M.S. TAHIR-NADEEM M. KHAN M.K.I. SHABIR R. BUTT M.S.: Oat: Unique among the cereals. Eur. J. Nutr. 47 2008 68-79.

  • CARPITA N.C. TIERNEY M. CAMPBELL M.: Molecular biology of the plant cell wall: Searching for the genes that define structure architecture and dynamics. Plant Mol. Biol. 47 2001 1-5.

  • DUPONT F.M. ALTENBACH S.B.: Molecular and biochemical impacts of environmental factors on wheat grain development and protein synthesis. J. Cereal Sci. 38 2003 133-146.

  • EHRENBERGEROVÁ J. VACULOVÁ K. PSOTA V. HAVLOVÁ P. ŠERHANTOVÁ V.: Effects of cropping system and genotype on variability in important phytonutrients content of the barley grain. Plant Soil Environ. 49 2003 443-450.

  • FARROKHI N. BURTON R.A. BROWNFIELD L. HRMOVA M. WILSON S.M. BACIC A. FINCHER G.B.: Plant cell wall biosynthesis: genetic biochemical and functional genomics approaches to the identification of key genes. Plant Biotechnol. J. 4 2006 145-167.

  • FASTNAUGHT C.: Barley fibre. In: CHO S.S. DRECHER M.L. (Eds.) Handbook of dietary fibre Marcel Dekker New York 2001 519-542.

  • FAST SEEFELDT H. VAN DEN BERGB F. KÖCKENBERGER W. BALLING ENGELSEN S. WOLLENWEBER B.: Water mobility in the endosperm of high beta-glucan barley mutants as studied by nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Magn. Reson. Imaging 25 2007 425-432.

  • FINCHER G.B.: Revolutionary times in our understanding of cell wall biosynthesis and remodeling in the grasses. Plant Physiol. 149 2009 27-37.

  • GÜLER M.: Barley grain β-glucan content as affected by nitrogen and irrigation. Field Crop Res. 84 2003 335-340.

  • HAMMOND-KOSACK K.E. JONES J.D.G.: Inducible plant defence mechanisms and resistance gene function. Plant Cell 8 1996 1773-1791.

  • HAVRLENTOVÁ M. KRAIC J.: Content of beta-D-glucan in cereal grains. J. Food Nutr. Res. 45 2006 97-103.

  • HOLTHAUS J.F. HOLLAND J.B. WHITE P.J. FREY K.J.: Inheritance of β-glucan content of oat grain. Crop Sci. 36 1996 567-572.

  • HOSON T.: Apoplast as the site of response to environmental signals. J. Plant Res. 111 1998 167-177.

  • HOSON T.: Physiological functions of plant cell coverings. J. Plant Res. 115 2002 277-282.

  • HRMOVA M. FINCHER G.B.: Structure-function relationship of β-D-glucan endoand exohydrolases from higher plants. Plant Mol. Biol. 47 2001 73-91.

  • INOUHE M. MCCLELLAN M. NEVINS D.: Developmental regulation of polysaccharide metabolism and growth in the primary cell walls of maize. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 21 1997 21-28.

  • MACNICOL P.K. JACOBSEN J.V. KEYS M.M. STUART I.: Effects of heat and water stress on malt quality and grain parameters of Schooner barley grown in cabinets. J. Cereal Sci. 18 1993 61-68.

  • MANTOVANI M.S. BELLINI M.F. PEDRO J. OLIVEIRA A.R.J. SILVA A.F. RIBEIRO L.R.: Beta-glucans in promoting health: prevention against mutation and cancer. Mutation Res. 658 2008 154-161.

  • MCCLEARY B.V. CODD R.: Measurement of (1→3)(1→4)-β-D-glucan in barley and oats: A streamlined enzymatic procedure. J. Sci. Food Agric. 55 1991 303-312.

  • OLIVEIRA L.C. OLIVEIRA M. MENEGHETTI V.L. MAZZUTTI S. COLLA L.M. ELIAS M.C. GUTKOSKI L.C.: Effect of drying temperature on quality of β-glucan in white oat grains. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. 32 2012 793-797.

  • PETERSON D.M. WESENBERG D.M. BURRUP D.E.: β-Glucan content and its relationship to agronomic characteristics in elite oat germplasm. Crop Sci. 35 1995 965-970.

  • PIRŠELOVÁ B. MATUŠÍKOVÁ I.: Callose: the plant cell wall polysaccharide with multiple biological functions. Acta Physiol. Plant. 35(3) 2013 635-644.

  • REDONDO-GOMEZ S: Abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in plants. In: ROUT G.R. DAS A.B. (Eds.) Molecular Stress Physiology of Plants Springer India New Delhi 2013 1-20.

  • ROSE J.K. BRAAM J. FRY S.C. NISHITANI K.: The XTH family of enzymes involved in xyloglucan endotransglucosylation and endohydrolysis: current perspectives and a new unifying nomenclature. Plant Cell Physiol. 43 2002 1421-1435.

  • SAVIN R. STONE P.J. NICOLAS M.E. WARDLAW I.F.: Effects of heat stress and moderately high temperature on grain growth and malting quality of barley. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 48 1997 615-624.

  • SAVIN R. MOLINA-CANO J.L.: Changes in malting quality and its determinants in response to abiotic stresses. In: SLAFER G.A. MOLINA-CANO J.L. SAVIN R. ARAUS J.L. ROMAGOSA I. (Eds.) Barley science-recent advances from molecular biology to agronomy of yield and quality Food Products Press New York 2002 523-550.

  • STACK H.M. KEARNEY N. STANTON C. FITZGERALD G.F. ROSS R.P.: Association of beta-glucan endogenous production with increased stress tolerance of intestinal Lactobacilli. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 76 2010 500-507.

  • STN 461011-14 [Slovak technical norm]: Skúšanie obilnín strukovín a olejnín. Skúšanie obilnín. Časť 14: Stanovenie energie klíčenia a citlivosti na vodu sladovníckeho jačmeňa. STN. Bratislava 2005. (in slovak).

  • SUNDARESHA S. MANOJ KUMAR A. ROHINI S. MATH S.A. KESHAMMA E. CHANDRASHEKAR S.C. UDAYAKUMAR M.: Enhanced protection against two major fungal pathogens of groundnut Cercospora arachidicola and Aspergillus flavus in transgenic groundnut over-expressing a tobacco β 1-3 glucanase. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 126 2010 497-508.

  • VIRKKI L. JOHANSSON L. YLINEN M. MAUNU S. EKHOLM P.: Structural characterization of water-insoluble nonstarchy polysaccharides of oats and barley. Carbohydr. Polym. 59 2005 357-366.

  • YALCIN E. ÇELIK S. AKAR T. SAYIM I. KÖKSEL H.: Effect of genotype and environmental on β-glucan and dietary fiber contents of hull-less barleys grown in Turkey. Food Chem. 101 2007 171-176.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.68

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.173
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.288


Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 302 72 4
PDF Downloads 115 38 5