Transversal Connections: The Cervantes Quatercentenary in Spain and its Comparison with “Shakespeare Lives”

Open access

Abstract

Taking as its cue the 2016 quatercentenaries of the deaths of both Shakespeare and Cervantes, the essay offers some insights into the “transversal connections” between both events as celebrated in Spain and the UK. The questions it raises and attempts to resolve are fourfold: (1) What are the reasons and also the benefits of yoking together two such apparently disparate authors, whose strongest link is, arguably, the fact they both passed away in 1616? (2) What work is being done to restore these writers to life, especially in schools where, for a variety of reasons, literature has lost its core-curricular status, and in general society where the classics seem to have less and less import? (3) What might Shakespeare or Cervantes be said to stand for in their respective cultures, both in terms of the genres they wrote in (it is often forgotten, for instance, that Cervantes was also a poet and a dramatist) and the extra-literary values they are said to transmit? (4) What is the role of the State in the safeguarding and promotion of the nation’s cultural heritage?

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • “Aquí yacen los huesos de Cervantes o esoYparece.” National Geographic 3 November 2016. 25 April 2019. <http://www.nationalgeographic.com.es/historia/aqui-yacen-los-huesos-de-cervantes-o-eso-parece_9091>.

  • Arranz David Felipe. “En defense de El Quijote de Cervantes.” El imparcial 23 August 2015. 1 October 2017. <https://www.elimparcial.es/noticia/154958/opinion/En-defensa-de-El-Quijote-de-Cervantes.html>.

  • Astrana Marín Luis. “Estudio preliminar.” William Shakespeare. Obras completas. Madrid: Espasa Calpe 1941. xi-cxliv.

  • Bloom Harold. The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages. New York: Harcourt Brace 1994.

  • Calvo Clara. “Shakespeare and Cervantes in 1916: The Politics of Language.” Shifting the Scene: Shakespeare in European Culture. Eds Balz Engler and L. Bezzola. Newark: U. Delaware P. 2004. 78-94.

  • Cameron David. “Opening address.” Shakespeare Lives. <https://www.gov.uk/government/news/shakespeare-lives-on>.

  • Craik Jennifer. Re-Visioning Arts and Cultural Policy: Current Impasses and Future Directions. Canberra: Australia National University E Press 2007. 1 October 2017. <http://www.culturaldiplomacy.org/academy/pdf/research/books/cultural_diplomacy/Re-Visioning_Arts_and_Cultural_Policy_-_Jennifer_Craik.pdf>.

  • Daily Hansard 10 November 2015: Column 1WH. <https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm151110/halltext/151110h0001.htm>.

  • Diario de Sesiones del Congreso de los Diputados (35) 8 March 2017: 1-47. <http://www.congreso.es/public_oficiales/L12/CONG/DS/PL/DSCD-12-PL-35.PDF>.

  • Dobson Michael. The Making of the National Poet: Shakespeare Adaptation and Authorship 1660-1769. Oxford: Clarendon 1992.

  • Erll Astrid and Ann Rigney. “Introduction: Cultural Memory and Its Dynamics.” Mediation Remediation and Cultural Memory. Eds Astrid Erll and Ann Rigney. Berlin and New York: De Gruyter 2009. 1-14.

  • Frijda Nico H. The Laws of Emotion. New York: Routledge 2007.

  • Gibson Ian. Aventuras ibéricas. Recorridos reflexiones e irreverencias. Barcelona: Ediciones B 2017.

  • González Fernández de Sevilla José Manuel. Introduction. Shakespeare and Cervantes. New Interpretations and Comparative Approaches. Ed. José Manuel González Fernández de Sevilla. Alicante: Universidad de Alicante 2016. 1-11.

  • González Ruiz Nicolás. Dos genios contemporáneos: Cervantes y Shakespeare. Barcelona: Clarasó 1944.

  • Gregor Keith. “Collaborative Encounters? Two Recent Spanish Takes on the Shakespeare-Cervantes Relationship.” Palgrave Communications 2. 14 June 2016. <https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2828633>.

  • Gregor Keith. Shakespeare in the Spanish Theatre 1772 to the Present. New York and London: Continuum 2010.

  • Hoenselaars Ton and Clara Calvo. “Introduction: Shakespeare and the Cultures of Commemoration.” Critical Survey 22.2 (2010): 1-10.

  • Holderness Graham. “Preface: ‘All This’.” The Shakespeare Myth. Ed. Graham Holderness. Manchester: Manchester U.P. 1988. xi-xvi.

  • Kahn Coppélia. “Remembering Shakespeare Imperially: The 1916 Tercentenary” Shakespeare Quarterly 52.4 (2001): 456-478.

  • Larkan Fiona and Fiona Murphy. “Introduction.” Memory and Recovery in Times of Crisis. Eds Fiona Larkan and Fiona Murphy. London and New York: Routledge 2017. 1-8.

  • Monterrey Tomás. “Notes for a History of English Studies in Spain.” European English Studies: Contributions towards the History of a Discipline. Eds Balz Engler and Renate Haas. Leicester: The English Association for ESSE 2000. 33-52.

  • “Palabras de Su Majestad el Rey en el acto de clausura de la conmemoración del IV centenario de la muerte de Miguel de Cervantes.” Casa de Su Majestad el Rey. Actividades y Agenda. 30 January 2017. <http://www.casareal.es/ES/Actividades/Paginas/actividades_discursos_detalle.aspx?data=5640>.

  • “Parliamentary Debates” Hansard (604.93) 7 January 2016. <https://hansard.digiminster.com/pdf/Commons/2016-01-07>.

  • Pérez-Reverte Arturo. “Cervantes Shakespeare y Rajoy.” XL Seminal 12 March 2016. 1 October 2017. <http://www.perezreverte.com/articulo/patentes-corso/1080/cervantes-shakespeare-y-rajoy>.

  • Pujante Ángel Luis and Laura Campillo eds. Shakespeare en España. Textos 1764-1916. Granada and Murcia: Universidad de Granada and Universidad de Murcia 2007.

  • Pujante Ángel Luis. “Shakespeare or/and…? The Spanish Counterpart in the 18th and 19th Centuries.” Renaissance Refractions. Essays in Honour of Alexander Shurbanov. Eds. Boika Sokolova and E. Pancheva. Sofia: St. Kliment Ohridski University 2001. 157-169.

  • Pujols Carlos. “El Shakespeare de los sonetos” Destino 1421 (1964): 38-39.

  • Real Decreto 289/2015 de 17 de abril por el que se crea y se regula la Comisión Nacional para la conmemoración del IV Centenario de la muerte de Miguel de Cervantes. Boletín Oficial del Estado 23 April 2015. <https://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-2015-4393>.

  • Ruiz Mantilla Jesús. “Que los ingleses se queden a Cervantes; lo tratarán mejor.” El país 28 January 2016. 1 October 2017.

  • Sainz Borgo Karina. “El año Shakespeare tendrá actividades en 140 países España dedica a Cervantes menos de la mitad.” Vozpópuli 28 January 2016. 1 October 2017. <http://www.vozpopuli.com/altavoz/cultura/William_Shakespeare-Miguel_de_Cervantes-Centenarios-IV_Centenario_Cervantes-IV_Centenario_Shakespeare-Literatura-Shakespeare_0_884311622.html>.

  • Service William Robert. Rhymes of a Roughneck. More Collected Verse. New York: Dodd 1953.

  • Shim Eileen. “The Private Sector Bail-Out of Europe’s Culture Industry.” New Republic 16 November 2012. 1 October 2017. <https://newrepublic.com/article/110224/private-sector-bail-out-europes-culture-industry>.

  • Simpson David. “Introduction: Taking Time.” 9/11. The Culture of Commemoration. Chicago and London: U. Chicago P. 2006. 1-20.

  • Somoza José. “Una conversación del otro mundo entre el español Cervantes y el inglés Shakespeare” Seminario Pintoresco 2 (1838): 691-692.

  • Watson Nicola J. The Literary Tourist: Readers and Places in Romantic and Victorian Britain. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2006.

  • Weikart Lynne A. Follow the Money: Who Controls New York City Mayors? Albany: State U. of New York P. 2009.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.08

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.1

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 80 80 58
PDF Downloads 29 29 15