Energy Recuperation as One of the Factors Improving the Energy Efficiency of Mining Battery Locomotives


Mining industry is currently one of the biggest industries in the world. All mines produce “indispensable” minerals, starting from fuels such as coal and ending with noble metals such as gold or copper. Mines in the world compete in the volumes of mined minerals what requires use of state-of-the-art, more efficient and, and what is more important, safer machines. Such trend favors development of technology and mobilize engineers to adapt the technologies that were used so far in easier environment to the needs of the mining industry.

The article presents the issue of energy recuperation in mining battery locomotives. Simulation tests of the power supply and control system of the Lea type battery locomotive are discussed. The results of tests on the electric energy consumption of the locomotive during the operational change in the mine were presented, which were referred to the simulation results. Factors influencing the efficiency of energy recovery and the risk resulting from hydrogen emission in the recuperation process have been indicated. Also discussed is the study of the concentration of hydrogen concentration emitted from the battery of lead-acid cells during their recharging in the process of electrical braking with energy recuperation.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] A. Cifci, Y. Uyaroglu, S. Birbas “Direct Field Oriented Controller Applied to Observe Its Advantages over Scalar Control”, Electronics and Electrical Engineering, vol. 3(119). pp. 15-15, 2012.

  • [2] A. Ejlali, D.A. Khaburi, J. Soleimani, “Sensorless Field Oriented Control Strategy for Single Phase Line-Start PMSM Drive”, Electrical Review, vol. 10, pp. 229-232, 2012.

  • [3] A. Morshedlou, H. Dehghani, S.H. Hoseinie. “A data driven decision making approach for long-wall mining production enhancement”, Mining Science, vol. 26, pp. 7-21, 2019.

  • [4] B. Polnik, Z. Budzyński, B. Miedziński. “Effective control of a battery supplied mine locomotive unit” – Elektronika i Elektrotechnika, vol 3, pp. 39-43, 2014.

  • [5] B. Polnik, B. Miedziński. “Hydrogen explosive risk in mining locomotive unit”, ECS Transaction, vol. 63(1), pp. 159-166, 2014.

  • [6] D. Prostański, M. Vargová, “Installation optimization of airand-water sprinklers at belt conveyor transfer points in the aspect of ventilation air dust reduction efficiency”, Acta Montanistica Slovaca, vol. 23(4), pp. 422-432, 2018.

  • [7] D. Sha, D. Chen, J. Zhang, “A Bidirectional Three-Level DCDC Converter With Reduced Circulating Loss and Fully ZVS Achievement for Battery Charging/Discharging”, IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, vol. 6, pp. 2-2, 2018.

  • [8] E. Bayoumi, “Deadbeat Direct Torque Control for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors Using Particle Swarm Optimization”, International Journal of Power Electronics, vol. 5(4), 2013.

  • [9] H. Jouybari-Moghaddam, A. Alimardani, S. Hosseinian. „ Influence of electric vehicle charging rates on transformer derating in harmonic-rich battery charger applications”, Archives of Electrical Engineering, vol. 61, pp. 483-497, 2012.

  • [10] J. Tokarczyk, “Method for identification of results of dynamic overloads in assessment of safety use of the mine auxiliary transportation system”, Arch. Min. Sci., vol. 61(4), pp. 765-777, 2016.

  • [11] L. Anbazhagan, J. Ramiah, V. Krishnaswamy, D.N. Jayachandran. “Comprehensive Review on Bidirectional Traction Converter for Electric Vehicles”, International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications, vol. 65(4), pp. 635-649, 2019.

  • [12] L. Schuch, C. Rech, H.L.Hey, H.A. Gründling, H. Pinheiro, J.R. Pinheiro, “Analysis and design of a new high-efficiency bidirectional integrated ZVT PWM converter for DC-bus and battery bank interface”, IEEE Transaction Industrial Application, vol. 42(5), pp. 1321-1332, 2006.

  • [13] L. Qin, X. Zhou, P. Cao, “New Control Strategy for PMSM Driven Bucket Wheel Reclaimers using GA-RBF Neural Network and Sliding Mode Control”, Elektronika i Elektrotechnika, vol. 6(122), pp. 113-113, 2012.

  • [14] M.S. Ahmed, N.A.A. Manap, M. Faeq, D. Ishak, “Improved torque in PM brushless motors with minimum difference in slot number and pole number”, Journal of Power and Energy Conversion, vol. 3 (3/4). pp. 206-219, 2012.

  • [15] P. Vas, “Vector Control of AC Machines” Clarendon Press Oxford, 1990.

  • [16] R. Dolecek, O. Cerny, J. Novak, M. Bartłomiejczyk, “Interference in power system for traction drive with PMSM”, Electrical Review, vol. 9. pp. 204-207, 2012.

  • [17] S. Geng, Y. Zhang, H. Qiu, C. Yang, R. Yi. “Influence of harmonic voltage coupling on torque ripple of permanent magnet synchronous motor”, Archives of Electrical Engineering, vol. 66, pp. 399-410, 2019.

  • [18] S. Guo, J. He, “Sensorless control of PMSM based on adaptive sliding mode observer” International Journal of Modelling, “Identification and Control”, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4, pp. 321-324, 2009.

  • [19] Y. Turygin, P. Bozek, I. Abramov, Y. Niíkitin. Reliability determination and diagnostics of a mechatronic system. Advances in Science and Technology Research Journal. Vol. 12, iss. 2, pp. 274-290, 2018.

  • [20] T. Biskup, “Initial rotor position estimation of permanent magnet synchronous machine”, Electrical Review, vol. 4, pp. 157-162, 2012.

  • [21] T. Raffeinner, “Tailored transport”, World Coal, No 9, pp. 99-100, 2005.

  • [22] Vanysek, P., Novak, V. Availability of Suitable Raw Materials Determining the Prospect for Energy Storage Systems Based on Redox Flow Batteries. Acta Montanistica Slovaca, Volume 23, Issue 1, 2018, pp. 90-99.

  • [23] M. Baranov, P. Bozek, V. Prajova, T. Ivanova, D. Novokshonov, A. Korshunov. Constructing and calculating of multistage sucker rod string according to reduced stress. Acta Montanistica Slovaca. Volume 22, Issue 2, 2017, pp. 107-115.


Journal + Issues