The Influence of Chemical Composition of Tough-to-Machine Steels on Grinding Technologies

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Abstract

The main purpose of processing of tough-to-machine materials is improving of cutting process of steels with different physicochemical properties and alloying by means of various chemical elements in combination with heat treatment. Producing of high quality surface layers depends on properties of material used to make details, that is why reasons of tough machining were identified: influence of chemical composition and resulting structure. The studies of grinding of tough-to-machine materials were undertaken by means of grinding wheels made from synthetic diamonds as they are most resistant and highly-productive. Based on the studies recommendations for using of characteristics of grinding wheels and tough-to machine steel grades are given.

Research on heat processes during grinding allows us to determine patterns showing how cutting speed, detail motion speed, area and action period of contact influence temperature and speed of heat processes in surface layers as well as depth of heating. These patterns also give the chance to show interrelation between temperature and rate of heating and cooling. This gives an opportunity to predict state of structure of surface layer of details made of tough-to-machine steels under different machining conditions reasonably.

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