Mines, Quarries and Landscape. Visuality and Transformation

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In this paper a review of two basic concepts is carried out: scenery and landscape integration, proposing a new concept: “visuality”, alternative to the classical “visibility” used in landscape studies related to mining activity, which explores the qualitative aspects that define the visual relationships between observer and environment. In relation to landscape integration studies, some reflections on substantive issues are made which induce certain prejudices at the time of addressing the issue of mining operations landscape integration, and some guidance and integration strategies are formulated. In the second part of the text, a new approach to the landscape integration of mines and quarries is raised, closely linked to the concept of visuality which are based on a basic goal: the re-qualification of the place, and give innovative answers to re-qualify the place and show how to catch the opportunity in the deep transformation generated by the development of mining activities. As a conclusion, a case study is presented in the last section, the landscape integration study conducted on marble exploitations Coto Pinos (Alicante, Spain), considered the largest ornamental rock quarry in Europe.

[1] Díez Torrijos, C. López Jimeno and C. Mataix González. Manual de Integración Paisajística de Minas y Canteras, unpulished.

[2] Guía metodológica. Estudios de Paisaje, Generalitat Valenciana, Consejería de Infraestructuras, Territorio y Medio Ambiente, 2011.

[3] E. Martínez de Pisón. „La experiencia del paisaje”, in Retorno al Paisaje, J. Mateu Bellés and M. Nieto Salvatierra, Evaluación de Recursos Naturales S.A., 2008.

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