Development of sol-gel derived gahnite anti-reflection coating for augmenting the power conversion efficiency of polycrystalline silicon solar cells

Open access

Abstract

The present research is focused on developing ZnAl2O4 (gahnite) spinel as an antireflection coating material for enhanced energy conversion of polycrystalline silicon solar cells (PSSC). ZnAl2O4 has been synthesized using dual precursors, namely aluminum nitrate nonahydrate and zinc nitrate hexahydrate in ethanol media. Diethanolamine has been used as a sol stabilizer in sol-gel process for ZnAl2O4 nanosheet fabrication. ZnAl2O4 nanosheet was deposited layer-by-layer (LBL) on PSSC by spin coating method. The effect of ZnAl2O4 coating on the physical, electrical, optical properties and temperature distribution in PSSC was investigated. The synthesized antireflection coating (ARC) material bears gahnite (ZnAl2O4) spinel crystal structure composed of two dimensional (2D) nanosheets. An increase in layer thickness proves the LBL deposition of ARC on the PSSC substrate. The ZnAl2O4 2D nanosheet comprising ARC on the PSSC was tested and it exhibited a maximum of 93 % transmittance, short-circuit photocurrent of 42.364 mA/cm2 and maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) 23.42 % at a low cell temperature (50.2 °C) for three-layer ARC, while the reference cell exhibited 33.518 mA/cm2, 15.74 % and 59.1 °C, respectively. Based on the results, ZnAl2O4 2D nanosheets have been proven as an appropriate ARC material for increasing the PCE of PSSC.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Kathirvel K. Rajasekar R. Shanmuharajan T. Pal S.K. Sathish Kumar P. Saravana Kumar J. Mater. Sci.-Poland. 35 (2017) 181.

  • [2] Kemell M. Ritala M. Leskela M. Crit. Rev. Solid. State. 30 (2005) 1.

  • [3] Lien S.Y. Wuu D.S. Yeh W.C. Liu J.C. Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C. 90 (2006) 2710.

  • [4] Sharma R. Amit G. Ajit V. J. Nano-Electron. Phys. 9(2017) 1.

  • [5] Al-Ghamdi A.A. Al-Hartomy O.A. Okr M.E. Nawar A.M. Gazzar S.E. Tantawy F.E. Yakuphanoglu F. Spectrochim. Acta A 131 (2014) 512.

  • [6] Verma A. Khan F. Kumar D. Kar M. Chakravarty B.C. Singh S.N. Husain M. Thin Solid Films 518 (2010) 2649.

  • [7] Balaprakash V. Gowrisankar P. Sudha S. Rajkumar R. Mater Technol. 33 (2018) 420.

  • [8] Shahid M.U. Deen K.M. Ahmad A. Akram M.A. Aslam M. Akhtar W. Appl. Nanosci. 6 (2016) 235.

  • [9] Bahadur H. Srivastava A.K. Sharma R.K. Chandra S. Nanoscale Res. Lett. 2 (2007) 469.

  • [10] Rozati S.M. Akesteh S.H. Mater. Charact. 58 (2007) 319.

  • [11] Yoo J. Lee J. Kim S. Yoon K. Park I.J. Dhungel S.K. Karunagaran B. Mangalaraj D. Yi J. Thin Solid Films 480 (2005) 213.

  • [12] Wiff J.P. Kinemuchi Y. Kaga H. Ito C. Watari K. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29 (2009) 1418.

  • [13] Dixit H. Tandon N. Cottenier S. Saniz R. Lamoen D. Partoens B. Phys. Rev. B 87 (2013) 174101.

  • [14] Ciupina V. Carazeanu I. Prodan G. J. Optoelectron. Adv. M. 6 (2004) 1317.

  • [15] Wang S.F. Sun G.Z. Fang L.M. Lei L. Xiang X. Zu X.T. Sci. Rep. 5 (2015) 12849.

  • [16] Zou L. Li F. Xiang X. Evans D.G. Duan X. Chem. Mater. 18 (2006) 5852.

  • [17] Musat V. Teixeira B. Fortunato E. Monteiro R.C.C. Vilarinho P. Surf. Coat. Tech. 180 (2004) 659.

  • [18] Verma A. Vijayan N. J. Mater. Res. 28 (2013) 2990.

  • [19] Boukhenoufa N. Mahamdi R. Rechem D. J. Semicond. 37 (2016) 113001.

  • [20] Ravichandran K. Jabena Begum N. Snega S. Sakthivel B. Mater. Manuf. Process. 31 (2016) 1411.

  • [21] Chen D. Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C. 68 (2001) 313.

  • [22] Natsume Y. Sakata H. Thin solid films 372 (2000) 30.

  • [23] Silva A.A.D. Souza Goncalves A.D. Davolos M.R. J. Sol-Gel Sci. Techn. 49 (2009) 101.

  • [24] Wei X. Chen D. Mater. Lett. 60 (2006) 823.

  • [25] Amin P.O. Kadhim A.J. Ameen M.A. Abdulwahid R.T. J. Mater. Sci-Mater. El. 29 (2018) 16010.

  • [26] Habubi N.F. Ismail R.A. Mishjil K.A Hassoon K.I. Silicon (2018) 1-6.

  • [27] Taherniya A. Raoufi D. Mater. Res. Express. 6 (2018) 016417.

  • [28] Kesmez O. Akarsu E. Camurlu H.E. Yavuz E. Akarsu M. Arpac E. Ceram. Int. 44 (2018) 3183-3188.

  • [29] Jung J. Jannat A Akhtar M.S. Yang O. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 18 (2018) 1274-1278.

  • [30] Radziemska E. Renew. Energ. 28 (2003) 1.

  • [31] Dubey S. Sarvaiya J.N. Seshadri B. Energy Procedia 33 (2013) 311.

  • [32] Kumar J Negi V.S. Chattopadhyay K.D. Sarepaka R.V. Sinha R.K. Measurement 102 (2017) 96.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.918
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.916

CiteScore 2018: 1.01

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.275
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.561

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 44 44 15
PDF Downloads 65 65 31