This paper provides an examination of tourism in the New Member States of the European Union in the period 2007-2015, assessing the importance of tourism for the New Member States economy and the factors that might affect this industry. Considerable research has been devoted to tourism in the developed countries from Europe, but rather less attention has been paid to tourism in the Central-Eastern Europe, the New Member States region. In this regard, the paper will start with an overview of the current state of the literature on this topic, section that precedes a presentation of European bodies and policies in the travel and tourism field. Time series will be analyzed in order to identify the key countries for tourism in the region, according to the number of international arrivals, number of international overnight stays and exports in trade. Tourism contribution and importance for the economy, key destinations in the region, EU and state-level policies in the tourism sector, as well as main challenges and opportunities in the tourism sector will be addressed, focusing on the three key countries identified, Poland, Czech Republic and Croatia, that offer tourists unique, traditional experiences, focusing on niche markets, rather than on mass-market tourism.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Attila A.T. (2016) “The Impact of the Hotel Industry on the Competitiveness of Tourism Destinations in Hungary” Journal of Competitiveness Vol. 8 No. 4 pp. 85 – 104.
Bâc D.P. (2015) “Endogenous Challenges for the Tourism Industry” Quaestus Multidisciplinar Research Journal No. 6/April 2015 pp. 231-239.
Bodosca S.L. (2016). “Priorities and strategies of sustainable development in tourism” in: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Business Excellence Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies pp. 207-217.
Czech Tourism Office (2017) “About CZT” available at: https://www.czechtourism.com/about-czt/ (accessed April 9 2017).
Czech Tourism Office (2017) “South Bohemia” available at: https://www.czechtourism.com/a/south-bohemia/ (accessed April 8 2017).
Diaconescu M. Nicolescu L. and Pânzaru F. (2007) “The European Identity – between reality and hope” in: Romania within the EU: opportunities requirements and perspectives Conference Sibiu Lucian Blaga University Vol. 1 pp. 135-141.
Dupeyras A. and MacCallum N. (2013) “Indicators for Measuring Competitiveness in Tourism: A Guidance Document” OECD Tourism Papers February. pp.20-24.
Euromonitor International (2016) “Travel in Poland. Country Report” Euromonitor International Euromonitor International: London.
European Commission (2010) “Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament the Council the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - Europe the world's No 1 tourist destination – a new political framework for tourism in Europe” Brussels Belgium available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A52010DC0352 (accessed March 20 2017).
European Commission (2010) “Overview of EU Tourism Policy” available at: https://ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/tourism/policy-overview_en (accessed October 29 2016).
European Commission (2015) “Flash Eurobarometer 414 Preferences of Europeans Towards Tourism” European Commission European Commission Directorate-General for Internal Market Industry Entrepreneurship and SMEs: Brussels.
European Commission (2016) “About EDEN” available at: https://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/eden/about_en (accessed November 15 2016)
European Commission (2017) “Eden Destinations Czech Republic” available at: https://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/eden/destinations/czech-republic_en (accessed April 11 2017).
European Commission (2017) “Eden Destinations: Poland” available at: https://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/eden/destinations/poland_en (accessed April 10 2017).
European Commission (2017) “Low Season Tourism” available at: http://ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/tourism/offer/seniors-youth_en (accessed January 17 2017).
Eurostat (2016) “Expenditure by expenditure categories (from 2012 onwards)” available at: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=tour_dem_exexp&lang=en (accessed January 22 2017).
Eurostat (2017) “Nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments by NUTS 2 regions” available at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/regions/data/main-tables (accessed April 9 2017).
Eurostat (2017) “Number of trips by country/world region of destination” available at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/en/web/products-datasets/-/TIN00190 (accessed April 9 2017).
Fouloy C.D. (2015) “Challenges for the European Tourism Industry” available at: http://www.aalep.eu/challenges-european-tourism-industry (accessed March 8 2017).
Gajdošík T. Hrubcová G. Šrámek J. and Tittelbachová Š. (2015) “Approaches to the Economization of Cultural Heritage in Context of Destination Management in the Czech Republic” Journal of Competitiveness Vol. 7 No. 1 pp. 22-34.
Geerts W. (2017) “Top 100 Destinations Ranking” Euromonitor International Euromonitor International: London United Kingdom.
Halkier H. (2010) “EU and Tourism Development: Bark or Bite?” Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Vol. 10 No. 2 pp.92-106.
Hudman L.E. and Jackson R.H. (2003) “Geography of Travel and Tourism” 4th Ed. Delmar Learning New York.
Ile F. & Țigu G. (2017) “Medical tourism market trends - an exploratory research” in: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Business Excellence Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies Vol. 1 No. 1 pp. 1111-1121.
Ion L. & Frățilă L. (2016) “The importance of developing sustainable development as a key factor of economic efficiency” in: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Business Excellence Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies pp. 231-241.
Knoema (2016) “Czech Republic - Travel & Tourism Total Contribution to GDP - Travel & Tourism Total Contribution to GDP - % share” available at: https://knoema.com/atlas/Czech-Republic/topics/Tourism/Travel-and-Tourism-Total-Contribution-to-GDP/Total-Contribution-to-GDP-percent-share (accessed April 7 2017).
Lonely Planet (2017) “Croatia Travel Guide” available at: https://www.lonelyplanet.com/croatia (accessed April 10 2017).
Luštický M. and Kincl T. (2012) “Tourism Destination Benchmarking: Evaluation and Selection of the Benchmarking Partners” Journal of Competitiveness Vol. 4 No. 1 pp. 99-116.
Martin A. (2010) “Calypso Study on Social Tourism Poland. Country Report” Ministry of Sport and Tourism Warsaw.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2017): “EU Funds in Poland” available at: https://poland.pl/economy/investments-projects/eu-funds-poland/ (accessed April 10 2017).
Mureşan M. Chiripuci B. & Nistoreanu P. (2017) “Business tourism - a sustainable form to relaunch Romanian tourism” in: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Business Excellence Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies Vol. 1 No. 1 pp. 1101-1110.
Nistoreanu B. & Stoian R. (2017) “Business tourism a means of dynamising the life of local communities” in: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Business Excellence Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies Vol. 1 No. 1 pp. 1122-1128.
OECD (2016) “OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2016” OECD Publishing OECD Tourism Committee: Paris ISBN: 9789264245990
Piotrowski M. Soliński T. Pacholska M. and Warzybak B. (2010): “Analysis of the Situation of the SMEs in Tourism Sector in Malopolska and Podkarpackie Regions. Regional Tourism Report” Warsaw: Bench Tour University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszów; CASE-Advisors Ltd. in Warsaw.
Salamanca A. (2015) “25 Most Visited Countries in the World” available at: http://list25.com/25-most-visited-countries-in-the-world/2/ (accessed April 9 2017).
Sardianou E. Kostakis I. Mitoula R. Karamba M. and Theodoropoulou E. (2015) “Barriers And Drivers To Sustainable Tourism Development: Evidence From Greece” in: K.H. Collins (ed.) Handbook On Tourism Development And Management 1st Ed. pp. 221-227 Nova Science Publishers New York.
Sharpley R. and Telfer D.J. (2015) “Tourism and Development: Concepts and Issues” Channel View Publications Bristol.
Statistical Office in Warsaw (2016) “Tourism in the Capital City of Warsaw in 2015” and Mazovian Centre of Regional Survey available at: warszawa.stat.gov.pl/download/gfx/warszawa/en/./turystyka_waw_ang__2015.pdf (accessed April 10 2017).
The Ministry of Regional Development (2015) “Annual Report on Tourism Czech Republic. Annual Report” The European Commission The Ministry of Regional Development: Prague.
The Ministry of Tourism (2016) “Annual Report on Tourism Croatia” The Ministry of Tourism Zagreb.
The World Bank (2017) “World Bank Country and Lending Groups” available at: https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/906519#High_income (accessed April 10 2017).
TNS Political and Social (2015) “Flash Eurobarometer 414 “Preferences of Europeans towards tourism 2015”” Eurobarometer European Commission European Commission Brussels.
Weiermair K. (2003) “Product Improvement or Innovation: What is the Key to Success in Tourism?” in Innovation and Growth in Tourism OECD Publishing: Lugano.
Weston R. Davies N. Lumsdon L. and McGrath P. (2012) “The European Cycle Route Network EuroVelo Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism” European Parliament Directorate General for Internal Policies Brussels.
World Tourism Organization (2016) “International tourism trends in EU-28 member states - Current situation and forecasts for 2020-2025-2030” European Commission available at: http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/newsroom/cf/itemdetail.cfm?item_id=8828&lang=en (accessed March 25 2017).
World Tourism Organization (2016) “Methodological Notes to the Tourism Statistics Database” Madrid Spain available at: http://cf.cdn.unwto.org/sites/all/files/pdf/methodological_notes_2016_en.pdf (accessed March 25 2017).
World Tourism Organization (2016) “UNWTO Tourism Highlights. Annual Report” UNWTO United Nations: Madrid.
World Travel & Tourism Council (2016) “Economic Impact Analysis Country Reports” available at: http://www.wttc.org/research/economic-research/economic-impact-analysis/country-reports#undefined (accessed January 22 2017).