Intrapreneurial behavior: an empirical investigation of personality traits

Open access

Abstract

The study investigated the impact of personality traits on intrapreneurial behavior. Data was collected from 306 employees working in higher education institutions. Structural equation modeling technique was utilized with the help of SmartPLS software. The findings of the study revealed a positive association of extroversion, openness to experiences and emotional stability with intrapreneurial behavior, while a negative impact of conscientiousness, agreeableness on intrapreneurial behavior was recorded. The findings of this study have several implications in the context of HEIs. To enhance the intrapreneurial behavior in the higher educational institutes, the management of the institutions should take positive steps to ensure that employees have personality traits which have shown a significant impact on the intraprenuerial behavior in this study. One strategy top management could consider is that, at the time of recruitment, preference should be given to candidates with higher levels of extroversion, openness to experience and emotional stability. However, among all the traits, the most indicative marker is extroversions followed by emotional stability. Therefore, hiring employees with high levels of extroversion and emotional stability could facilitate more intraprenuerial behavior, which ultimately, will help improve the performance of HEIs. This study with its focus on the micro level foundations of intrapreneurial behavior is one of the first studies in the domain of intrapreneurship.

Antoncic, B. and Hisrich, R.D. (2001), “Intrapreneurship”, Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 16, No. 5, pp. 495-527.

Baks, N. (2007), “Which personality traits do innovative people possess? The innovative individual Nina Bakx Master thesis Business Studies”, Universiteit van amesterdam, (July), pp. 41-60.

Barrick, M.R. and Mount, M.K. (1991), “The Big Five Personality Dimensions and Job Performance: a Meta-Analysis”, Personnel Psychology, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 1-26.

Cantaragiu, R. and Hadad, S. (2014), “The importance of play in overcoming fears of entrepreneurial failure”, Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Knowledge Management, Kaunas University of Technology, September 6, 2013, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, pp. 833-843.

Cenfetelli, R. and Bassellier, G. (2009), “Interpretation of Formative Measurement in Information Systems Research”, MIS Quarterly, Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 689-708.

Choi, J.N. (2004), “Individual and contextual predictors of creative performance: The mediating role of psychological processes”, Creativity Research Journal, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 187-199.

Colbert, A.E. Mount, M.K., Harter, J.K., Witt, L.A. and Barrick, M.R. (2004), “Interactive effects of personality and perceptions of the work situation on workplace deviance”, The Journal of applied psychology, Vol. 89, No. 4, pp. 599-609.

Collins, C.J., Hanges, P.J., and Locke, E.A., (2004), “The relationship of achievement motivation to entrepreneurial behavior: A meta-analysis”, Human performance, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 95–117.

Covin, J.G. and Slevin, D.P., (1991), “A conceptual model of entrepreneurship as firm behavior”, Entrepreneurship theory and practice, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 7-25.

Elmuti, D., Khoury, G. and Abdul-Rahim, B. (2011), “Entrepreneur’S Personality, Education and Venture Effectiveness: Perceptions of Palestinian Entrepreneurs”, Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol.16, No. 2, pp. 251-268.

García-Cabrera, A.M. and García-Soto, M.G., (2009), “A Dynamic Model of Technology-based Opportunity Recognition”, Journal of Entrepreneurship, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 167-190.

George, J.M. and Zhou, J. (2001), “When openness to experience and conscientiousness are related to creative behavior: an interactional approach”, The Journal of applied psychology, Vol. 86, No. 3, pp. 513-524.

Goldberg, L.R. (1990), “An Alternative “Description of Personality”: The Big-Five Factor Structure”, Journal of personality and social psychology, Vol. 59, No. 6, pp. 1216-1229.

Goodale, J.C. Kuratko, D.F., Hornsby, J.S. and Covin, J.G. (2011), “Operations management and corporate entrepreneurship: The moderating effect of operations control on the antecedents of corporate entrepreneurial activity in relation to innovation performance. Journal of Operations Management, Vol. 29, No. 1–2, pp. 116-127.

Hadad, S., (2015), “Analytic hierarchy process analysis for choosing a corporate social entrepreneurship strategy”, Management & Marketing. Challenges for the Knowledge Society, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 185-207.

Hair, J., Sarstedt, M., Hopkins, L. and G. Kuppelwieser, V. (2014), “Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) An emerging tool in business research”, European Business Review, Vol, 26, No. 2, pp. 106-121.

Hayton, J.C., Hornsby, J.S. and Bloodgood, J. (2013), “The Contribution of HRM to Corporate Entrepreneurship: a review and agenda for future research”, M@n@gement, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 381–410.

Jiantreerangkool, B. and McLean, G. (2015), “Relationship of Perceived Organizational Support and Big Five Personality toward Innovation in Bangkok”, Thailand Boonthipa Jiantreerangkool and Gary N. McLean. The 6th International Conference on Human Resource and Organization Management and Development, Vol. 1, No. 1.

de Jong, J.P.J. Parker, S.K., Wennekers, S. and Wu, C. (2011), “Corporate Entrepreneurship at the Individual level: Measurement and Determinants”, EIM Research Reports. Zoetermeer: EIM, (March), pp.1-27.

John, O.P., Donahue, E.M. and Kentle, R.L. (1991), “The big five inventory: Versions 4a and 54, institute of personality and social research”, University of California, Berkeley, CA.

Kenney, M. and Mujtaba, B.G. (2007), “Understanding Corporate Entrepreneurship and Development: And development: A practitioner view of organizational intrapreneurship. Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 72, No. 3, pp. 73-88.

Kuratko, D.F., Montagno, R.V. and Hornsby, J.S. (1990), “Developing an intrapreneurial assessment instrument for an effective corporate entrepreneurial environment”, Strategic management journal, Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 49-58.

Kuratko, D.F. and Hornsby, J.S. (2011), “Corporate Entrepreneurship With a Purpose: Exploring the Antecedents To Corporate Social Entrepreneurship”, Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings, Vol. 8, pp. 1-6.

Kuratko, D.F., Ireland, R.D. and Hornsby, J.S., (2001), “Improving firm performance entrepreneurial through corporate actions: Acordia ’ s strategy entrepreneurship”, The Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 60-71.

Lekmat, L. and Chelliah, J. (2014), “What Are The Antecedents to Creating Sustainable Corporate Entrepreneurship in Thailand?”, Contemporary Management Research, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 181-202.

Lim, P.S. and Melissa Ng Abdullah, L.Y. (2012), “Relationship between big-five personality domains and students academic achievement”, Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 973-988.

Memarzadeh Tehran, G. and Khaledi, F. (2014), “An investigation on the effects of personal characteristics on creativity and innovation”, Management Science Letters, Vol. 4, No, 7, pp. 1495–1498.

Miller, D. and Friesen, P.H. (1984), “A Longitudinal Study of the Corporate Life Cycle management science, Vol. 30, No. 10, pp. 1161-1183.

Monnavarian, A. and Ashena, M. (2009), “Intrapreneurship: the role of social capital – empirical evidence and proposal of a new model of intrapreneurship and its relationship with social capital”, Business Strategy Series, Vol. 10, pp. 383-399.

Nasir, R. Mustaffa, M.B., Wan Shahrazad, W.S., Khairudin, R. and Syed Salim, S.S., (2011), “Parental Support, Personality, Self-efficacy as Predictors for Depression among Medical Students”, Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, Vol. 19, pp. 9-15.

Nicholson, N., Soane, E., Fenton-O’Creevy, M. and Willman, P. (2005), “Personality and domain-specific risk taking”, Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 157-176.

Phan, P.H. Wright, M., Ucbasaran, D. and Tan, W.L. (2009), “Corporate entrepreneurship: Current research and future directions”. Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 197-205.

Raja, U. et al.,, 2004. The Impact of Personality on Psychological Contracts THE IMPACT OF PERSONALITY ON PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACTS USMAN RAJA. The Academy Of Management Journal, Vol. 47, No. 3, pp. 350-367.

Rauch, A. and Frese, M., 2007. Let’s put the person back into entrepreneurship research: A meta-analysis on the relationship between business owners’ personality traits, business creation, and success. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 353-385.

Sinha, N. and Srivastava, K.B.L., 2013. Association of Personality, Work Values and Socio-cultural Factors with Intrapreneurial Orientation. Journal of Entrepreneurship, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 97–113.

Steel, G.D., Rinne, T. and Fairweather, J., 2012. Personality, Nations, and Innovation: Relationships Between Personality Traits and National Innovation Scores. Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 3-30.

Stevenson, H.H. and Jarillo, J.C., 1990. Stevenson 1990 A Paradigm of Entrepreneurship .pdf. Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 17-27.

Sung, S.Y. and Choi, J.N., 2009. Do Big Five personality factors affect individual creativity? The moderating role of extrinsic motivation. Social Behavior and Personality, Vol. 37, No. 7, pp. 941-956.

Sulaiman, W.S.W., Kadir, N.B.A., Halim, F.W., Omar, F., Latiff, R.A. and Sulaiman, W.S.W, 2013. Structural relations between personality traits, coping strategy, social support and well-being among Adolescents. Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 121-134.

Yildiz, M.L., Namık, R. and Sokak, I., 2004. The Effects of Organizational Culture on Corporate Entrepreneurship., Vol. 5, No. 5, pp. 35-45.

Zahra, S. A., 1995. Corporate entrepreneurship and financial performance: The case of management leveraged buyouts. Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 225-247.

Zahra, S.A. 1993. Environment, corporate entrepreneurship, and financial performance: A taxonomic approach. Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 319-340.

Zahra, S.A., 1991. Predictors and financial outcomes of corporate entrepreneurship: An exploratory study. Journal of Business Venturing, 6(4), pp.259–285.

Zahra, S.A. and Covin, J.G., 1995. Contextual influences on the corporate entrepreneurship-performance relationship: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 43-58.

Zhao, H., Seibert, Scott and Lumpkin, G.T., 2010. Journal of Management. Journal of Management, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 381-404.

Zhao, H. and Seibert, S., 2006. The Big Five Personality Dimensions and Entrepreneurial Status: A Meta-Analytical Review. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 91, No. 2 pp. 259-271.

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.45

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.169
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.436

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 365 359 26
PDF Downloads 219 217 21