The cement based grouts, as functional performance composite materials, are widely used for both immobilisation and encapsulation as well as for stabilization in the field of inorganic waste management. Also, to ensure that low level radioactive waste (LLW) are contained for storage and ultimate disposal, they are encapsulated or immobilized in monolithic waste forms, with cement –based grouts.
The paper includes some research data referring to cement based grout mix design for use as encapsulating/immobilizing system for low level radioactive waste. The work includes cement-based-grout mix design method used practically into establishing of the optimum grout mix based on the water/cement ratio, cement/sand ratio in order to achieve application requiered values of fluidity, segregation resistance, shrinkage and mechanical strengths. These engineering grout characteristics present relevance for simulation experiments of radionuclide leaching from LLW – cement grout encapsulation system.
. Sugaya A. Tanaka K. Akutsu S. (2011). Cement Based Encapsulation Experiments for Low-Radioactive Liquid Waste at Tokai Reprocessing Plant 11078 WM2011 Conferences 27 February - 3 March 2011. Phoenix AZ
. Mauke R. Wollrath J. Müller-Hoeppe N. Becker D. A. & Noseck U. (2012). Overview of recent and future work on material development and usage of cementitious materials in salt repositories. Radioactive Waste Management NEA/RWM/R (2012) no. 3/REV
. Akkurt K. Günoglu C. Basisgit & Akka A. (2013). Cement Paste as a Radiation Shielding Material. Acta Physica Polonica A 123(2) 341-342
. Waste Package Specification and Guidance Documentation WPS/903. (2007). Guidance on the Immobilisation of Radionuclides in Wasteforms. Number: 532508
. Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA). (2012). Radioactive Wastes in the UK: A Summary of the 2010 Inventory. http://www.world-nuclear.org/info.
. International atomic energy agency. (2003). Radioactive Waste Management Glossary. Vienna
. Gheorghe M. Saca N. & Radu L. (2014). Valorization of mineral waste with heavy metals content into silicate matrix. 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2014 GeoConference on Nano Bio and Green-Technologies for a sustainable future 423-430. Doi: 10.5593/sgem2014B62.
. Onisei S. Pontikes Y. Van Gerven T. Angelopoulos G.N. Velea T. Predica V. & Moldovan P. (2012). Synthesis of inorganic polymers using fly ash and primary lead slag. Journal of Hazardous Materials 205–206 101–110.
. Standard Test Method for Flow of Grout for Preplaced-Aggregate Concrete (Flow Cone Method) American Standard of Testing Materials.
. Ishikura T. Ueki H. Ohnishi K. & Oguri D. (2004). Utilization of Crushed Radioactive Concrete for Mortar to Fill Waste Container Void Space. Journal of nuclear science and technology 41(7) 741–750.
. Domone P. Proportioning of self-compacting concrete (2009).–the UCL method.
. Hwang C. & Tsai C. (2005). The effect of aggregate packing types on engineering properties of self-consolidating concrete. SCC’2005-China: 1st international symposium on design performance and use of self-consolidating concrete. RILEM Publications SARL In: Zhiwu Yu et al. editors.
. Wang X. Wang K. Taylor P. & Morcous G. (2014). Assessing particle packing based self consolidating concrete mix design method. Constr Build Mater 70 439–452.
. Caijun S. Zemei W. KuiXi L. & Linmei W. (2015). A review on mixture design methods for self-compacting concrete. Construction and Building Materials 84 387-398Sun Z. Young C. (2014). Bleeding of SCC pastes with fly ash and GGBFS replacement. J Sustain Cem Based Mater.
. Hu J. Wang Z. & Kim Y. (2013) Feasibility study of using fine recycled concrete aggregate in producing self-consolidation concrete. J Sustain Cem Based Mater 2(1) 20–34.
. Satyarnoa I. Solehudina A. P. Meyartoa C. Hadiyatmokoa D. Muhammada P. & Afnan R. (2014). Practical method for mix design of cement-based grout Procedia Engineering 95 356 – 365.
. Gheorghe M. Saca N. Ghecef C. Pintoi R. & Radu L. (2011). Self compacted concrete with fly ash addition. Romanian Journal of Materials 41(3) 201-210.
. Gheorghe M. Saca N. & Radu L. (2008). The filler influence on the selfcompacted concrete properties.
.Romanian Journal of Materials 38 (3) 212-223.
. Gheorghe M. (2009). Technical Specifications on self-compacting concrete production. Preliminary draft. Contract MDRT ICECON 435/2009 www.psc.ro/.