The study mainly focuses on the status of production and marketing of large cardamom in Nepal and also compares these dimensions in the context of different countries. For the study mainly secondary data were collected from research articles, reports, publications and news articles. Large cardamom is the third most expensive crop and one of the major cash crops of Nepal. Nepal is the largest producer of large cardamom in the world followed by India and Bhutan. Taplejung, Sankhuwasabha, Panchthar and Illam are the four major districts that contribute more than 80% of the national production. Cardamom produced in Nepal is graded according to tail cutting after drying and packed in jute bag or plastic to export it to foreign countries. Nepal exports almost 90 percentage of its total cardamom production to India. In the global scenario, Guatemala is the largest exporter of cardamom (small and large combined) followed by India, Nepal, Singapore and Indonesia respectievly. It was found that the production of cardamom is declining in Nepal due to price fluctuation and viral diseases such as Chirkey, Furkey. Problem such as absence of unique HS code for large cardamom and ‘duplicate large cardamom’ are also seen in the market.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
 Singh K. A. Rai R. N. Patiram Bhutia D. T. 1989. Large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) plantation — An age old agroforestry system in Eastern Himalayas. Agroforestry Systems 9(3) 241–257. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00141087
 Sharma E. K. Singh K. Sharma R. Sharma G. 2000. A Boon for Mountain Populations: Large Cardamom Farming in the Sikkim Himalaya. Retrieved November 9 2018 from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/250069601_A_Boon_for_Mountain_Populations_Large_Cardamom_Farming_in_the_Sikkim_Himalaya
 Singh A. I. Pothula A. K. 2013. Postharvest Processing of Large Cardamom in the Eastern Himalaya. Mountain Research and Development 33(4) 453–462. https://doi.org/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-12-00069.1
 MoAD. 2015. Trade Flow Analysis of Large Cardamom in Eastern Region. Retrieved from http://www.moadwto.gov.np/noticefile/TradeFlowAnalysisofLargeCardamom_1449033478.pdf
 Thakur K. 2010. Knowledge Innovation Repository of Agriculture in North East. ICAR.
 Go International Project. 2013. An export promotion initiative from Confederation of Nepalese Industries (CNI). Retrieved November 9 2018 from http://www.gointernational.org.np/portal/index.php?p1=catalogue&p2=3
 Bhandari N. Bhandari T. (018. Marketing and Socioeconomics Aspects of Large Cardamom Production in Tehrathum Nepal. Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council 4(1) 79. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnarc.v4i1.1969
 National Sector Export Strategy. 2017. Nepal National Sector Export Strategy Large Cardamom 2017-2021. Government Of Nepal. International Trade Centre 116. Retrieved From Http://Www.Intracen.Org/
 The Kathmandu Post. 2018. Nepali large cardamom being pushed out of world markets. Retrieved November 10 2018 from http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2018-03-02/nepali-large-cardamom-being-pushed-out-of-world-markets.html
 GoN. 2015. Nepal - Market Price Ratio of Agriculture Commodities 2060-2071 Annual price ratio. Retrieved October 21 2018 from http://cbs.gov.np/nada/index.php/catalog/47/study-description
 Statistic Agriculture Book. 2016. Statistical Information On Nepalese Agriculture Government Of Nepal Ministry Of Agricultural Development Monitoring Evaluation And Statistics Division Agri Statistics Section. Singha Durbar Kathmandu Nepal. Retrieved From Http://Moad.Gov.Np/Public/Uploads/1142453195-Statistic Agriculture Book_2016.Pdf
 Moad. (2017). Statistical Information On Nepalese Agriculture Government Of Nepal Ministry Of Agricultural Development Monitoring Evaluation And Statistics Division Agri Statistics Section. Singha Durbar Kathmandu Nepal: Statistic Agriculture Book.
 Gautam A. 2017. Large cardamom price plunges three-fold. Retrieved October 19 2018 from http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-04-15/large-cardamom-price-plunges-three-fold.html
 Bhutia K. C. Bhutia S. O. Chatterjee R. Pariari A. 2017. Post harvest processing and marketing of large cardamom in India. Journal of Crop and Weed 13. West Bengal. Retrieved from http://www.cropandweed.com/archives/2017/vol13issue3/13-3-44.pdf
 RoyalSpices. 2017. Bhutan Big Cardamom. Sugandha Bhawan Cochin. Retrieved from http://www.royalspices.com/products/big-cardamom/bigcardamom-from-bhutan/
 BancoDeGuatemala. 2019. CentralAmericaData :: The Regional Business Portal Bank of guatemala. Retrieved November 9 2018 from https://en.centralamericadata.com/en/article/home/Good_Figures_for_Cardamom
 Ghimire R. 2014. Federation of Large Cardamom Entrepreneurs of Nepal (FLCEN) 35–39.
 Maharjan P. 2014. Large cardamom (Elaichi) and its trade in Nepal.
 Munankarmi N. Shrestha R. Rana N. Shrestha J. Shrestha S. Koirala R. Shrestha S. 2014. Genetic Diversity Assessment of Acid Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle) Landraces of Eastern Nepal Using RAPD Markers. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology 2(3) 9.
 SNV Agriculture Report. 2014. Alleviating poverty through cardamom farming—An experience of SNV. Retrieved from http://www.snv.org/
 International Trade Centre. 2016. Trade Map - Trade statistics for international business development. Retrieved October 19 2018 from https://www.trademap.org/Index.aspx
 Poudel M. P. Chen S. 2012. Effect of Production on Large Cardamom Price Variability in Nepal | Request PDF. Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development 8(1) 99–108.
 Portel P. 2018. Large cardamom price in freefall down 68pc. Retrieved October 19 2018 from http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/printedition/news/2018-03-01/large-cardamom-price-in-freefall-down-68pc.html
 HS Code of Black cardamom Import Export Classification. 2016. Retrieved October 18 2018 from https://www.seair.co.in/black-cardamom-hs-code.aspx