The Characteristics of Organic Matter from the Triassic Clays of nw Margin of the Holy Cross Mts (Poland) — Preliminary Report

Leszek Marynowski 1 , Piotr Wyszomirski 2  and Sławomir Kurkiewicz 3
  • 1 Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia, ul. Będzińska 60, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
  • 2 Faculty of Material Science and Ceramics, AGH University of Science and Technology, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
  • 3 Department of Instrumental Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Narcyzów 1, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland

The Characteristics of Organic Matter from the Triassic Clays of nw Margin of the Holy Cross Mts (Poland) — Preliminary Report

The molecular character of organic matter in Triassic clays on the NW border of the Holy Cross Mts was determined in apolar, aromatic and polar fractions of extractable organic matter (OM) using GC-MS analysis. The contribution of terrestrial higher plants to the kerogene is revealed by the dominant presence of odd long-chain n-alkanes and by the occurrence of retene. Benzophenone, fluorenone, cyclopenta(def)phenanthrenone, antracenone and benzanthrone were among the compounds identified in polar fractions of the soluble organic matter. These commonly originate during strong oxidation of sedimentary organic matter. The aromatic fraction is characterised by the presence of phenyl derivatives (PhPAC) such as phenylnaphthalenes, terphenyls, phenyldibenzofurans and phenylphenanthrenes that are also products of the abiotic oxidation of organic matter. The oxidation processes that occurred during sedimentation and during early diagenesis resulted in a very significant decrease in the organic matter content in the clays. This decrease considerably influences their technological properties.

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