Kadavu Island: adaptation and stagnation in the Fijian periphery

Open access

Abstract

The outer island of Kadavu is representative of the Fijian periphery. This paper deals with its physical characteristics, infrastructural conditions, and village economic activities with the aim of understanding the changes it has gone through in recent years. A combination of micro-geographic studies in two villages and a meso-geographical analysis show that the pattern of development found in Kadavu in the early 1980s has not changed much. The current pattern of cash crop production and trade is almost entirely dependent on the kava beverage crop, infrastructure is underdeveloped, the island suffers from the peripheral penalty phenomenon, and government initiatives aimed at changing the trend are very limited. However, the current form of non-capitalist production and its derived benefit has forced villagers into a strategy of adaptation which might actually be preferable for them under the current conditions of peripheralization.

Bainimarama, T 1998, 1996 Fiji Census of Population and Housing, Parliament of Fiji, Parliamentary Paper No. 43 of 1998, Bureau of Statistics, Suva.

Bayliss-Smith, TP, Bedford, R, Brookfield, H, & Latham, M 1988, Islands, Islanders and the World: the Colonial and Post-Colonial Experience of Eastern Fiji, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Bedford, RD 1980, ‘Demographic processe in small islands: The case of internal migration’ in Population-Environment Relations in Tropical Islands: The Case of Eastern Fiji ed HC Brookfield, MAB Technical Notes 13, UNESCO, Paris, pp. 29-59.

Bertram, J 2006, ‘Introduction: The MIRAB model in the twentyfirst century’, Asia Pacific Viewpoint, Vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 1-13.

Brookfield, HC (ed) 1980, Population-Environment Relations in Tropical Islands: The Case of Eastern Fiji, MAB Technical Notes 13, UNESCO, Paris.

Connell, J 2010, ‘Pacific islands in the global economy: Paradoxes of migration and culture’, Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, Vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 115-129.

Fiji Bureau of Statistics 2012, Key Statistics: September 2012, Fiji Bureau of Statistics, Suva.

Felgentreff, C 1996, ‘Migration and remittances in the eastern periphery of Fiji: the case of Naikeleyaga village’, Asian Migrant, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 21-27.

Gittins, JW 1947, A Report on the Results of the Census of the Population, 1946, Legislative Council of Fiji, Council Paper No. 35 of 1947, Suva.

Kadavu Development Plan 2013-2017, 2013, Office of Provincial Administrator Kadavu.

Kuhlken, R 2002, ‘Intensive agricultural landscapes of Oceania’, Journal of Cultural Geography, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 161-95.

Kuhlken, R 2007, ‘Agricultural landscapes of Kadavu: Persistence and change on the Fijian periphery’, in Environment, Development and Change in Rural Asia Pacific, J, Connell, & E, Waddell E, Routledge, London, pp 56-75.

Lodhia, RN 1977, Report on the Census of the Population 1976. Parliament of Fiji, Parliamentary Paper No. 13 of 1977, Suva.

McArthur, N 1958, Report on the Census of the Population, 1956, Legislative Council of Fiji, Council Paper No. 1 of 1958, Suva.

Navunisaravi, WB 1988, Report on Fiji Population Census 1986, Parliament of Fiji, Parliamentary Paper No. 4 of 1988, Bureau of Statistics, Suva.

Nunn, PD & Omura, A 1999, ‘Penultimate interglacial emerged reef around Kadavu Island, southwest Pacific: implications for late Quaternary island-arc tectonics and sea-level history’, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 219-227.

Overton, J, Murray, W, & Ali I 1999, ‘Commodity production and unsustainable agriculture’, in Strategies for Sustainable Development. Experiences from the Pacific, eds J, Overton, and R, Scheyvens, UNSW Press, Sydney, pp. 168-84.

Simeoni, P, & Lebot, V 2014, Buveurs de Kava, Geo-Consulte, Port Vila, Vanuatu.

Sofer, M 1985a, ‘Yaqona and peripheral economy’, Pacific Viewpoint, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 415-436.

Sofer, M 1985b, ‘The dependency paradigm applied to the Fijian periphery’, The Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 127-138.

Sofer, M 1988, ‘Core-periphery structure in Fiji’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 55-74.

Sofer, M 1992, ‘Labour circulation and the village economy in Fiji’, The Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 118-129.

Sofer, M 2007, ‘Yaqona and the Fijian periphery revisited’, Asia Pacific Viewpoint, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 234-249.

Sofer, M 2009, ‘Twenty Years of Change in the Fijian Periphery: The Case of the Kadavu Island, Fiji’, Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 343-357.

Terry, JP 1999, ‘Kadavu Island, Fiji - fluvial studies of volcanic island in the Humid Tropics’, Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 86-98.

Thomson, JP 1889, ‘The island of Kadavu’, Scottish Geographical Magazine, vol. 5, pp. 638-652.

Vandergeest, P, & Rigg, J 2012, ‘The restudy “problem” and agrarian change: Revisiting rural places in Souteast Asia’, in Revisiting Rural Places: Pathways to Poverty and Prosperity in Southeast Asia, eds J, Rigg, and p, Vandergeest, NUS Press and the University of Hawaii Press, Singapore and Manoa, pp. 1-24.

Zwart, F 1968, Report on the Census of the Population, 1966, Legislative Council of Fiji, Council Paper No. 9 of 1968, Suva.

Miscellanea Geographica

Regional Studies on Development

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.73

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.404
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.759

Covered by e.g. Web of Science Core Collection by Clarivate Analytics, and SCOPUS by Elsevier
14 points in the Ministerial journal value rating scale

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 68 68 20
PDF Downloads 15 15 6