Stream water temperature: a short review with special reference to diurnal dynamics

Open access

Abstract

Dynamic changes in stream water temperature are caused by thermal energy exchange at the interface between the water and the atmosphere, and between the water and the streambed. This heat flux is the result of physical processes which are stimulated by external drivers that control water temperature both in temporal and spatial scales. For streams, the most characteristic are diurnal fluctuations of temperature. For the purposes of this paper, electronic data loggers were used which allowed a presentation of the diurnal cycles of water temperature in a small lowland river. The measurements confirmed that meteorological conditions have a significant impact on the diurnal dynamics of stream temperature.

References
  • Allan, JD 1998, Ekologia wód płynących [Ecology of running waters], Wyd. Nauk. PWN, Warszawa. (In Polish) Benyahya, L, Caissie, D, Satish, MG & El-Jabi, N 2012, ‘Longwave radiation and heat flux estimates within a small tributary in Catamaran Brook (New Brunswick, Canada)’, HydrologicalProcesses, vol. 26, pp. 475-484.

  • Beschta, RL, Bilby, RE, Brown, GW, Holtby, LB & Hofstra, TD 1987, ‘Stream Temperatures and Aquatic Habitat: Fisheries and Forestry Interactions’, in Streamside Management:Forestry and Fishery Interactions, eds EO Salo & TW Cundy, University of Washington, Seattle, pp. 191-232.

  • Beschta, RL 1997, ‘Riparian Shade and Stream Temperature: An Alternative Perspective’, Rangelands, vol. 19, pp. 25-28.

  • Brown, LE , Cooper, L, Holden, J & Ramchunder, SJ 2010, ‘A comparison of stream water temperature regimes from open and afforested moorland, Yorkshire Dales, northern England’, Hydrological Processes, vol. 24, pp. 3206-3218.

  • Caissie, D, El-Jabi, N & Satish, MG 2001, ‘Modelling of maximum daily water temperatures in a small stream using air temperatures’, Journal of Hydrology, vol. 251, pp. 14-28.

  • Caissie, D 2006, ‘The thermal regime of rivers: a review’, Freshwater Biology, vol. 51, pp. 1389-1406.

  • Deas, ML & Lowney, CL 2000, Water Temperature ModelingReview, California Water Modeling Forum, Central Valley, California.

  • Evans, EC, McGregor, GR & Petts, GE 1998, ‘River energy budgets with special reference to river bed processes’, Hydrological Processes, vol. 12, pp. 575-595.

  • Evans, EC & Petts, GE 1997, ‘Hyporheic temperature patterns within riffles’, Hydrological Sciences-Journal-des SciencesHydrologiques, vol. 42, pp. 199-213.

  • Gołek J., 1961, Termika rzek polskich [Temperature of Polish rivers], Prace PIHM, 62, Warszawa. (In Polish) Gu, RR & Li, Y 2002, ‘River temperature sensitivity to hydraulic and meteorological parameters’, Journal of EnvironmentalManagement, vol. 66, pp. 43-56.

  • Hannah, DM, Malcolm, IA, Soulsby, C & Youngson AF 2008, ‘A comparison of forest and moorland stream microclimate, heat exchanges and thermal dynamics’, HydrologicalProcesses, vol. 22, pp. 919-940.

  • Hebert, C, Caissie, D, Satish, MG & El-Jabi, N 2011, ‘Study of stream temperature dynamics and corresponding heat fluxes within Miramichi River catchments (New Brunswick, Canada)’, Hydrological Processes, vol. 25, pp. 2439-2455.

  • Hondzo, M & Stefan, HG 1994, ‘Riverbed heat conduction prediction’, Water Resources Research, vol. 30, pp. 1503-1513.

  • Hrachowitz, M, Soulsby, C, Imholt, C, Malcolm, IA & Tetzlaff, D 2010, ‘Thermal regimes in a large upland salmon river: a simple model to identify the influence of landscape controls and climate change on maximum temperatures’, HydrologicalProcesses, vol. 24, pp. 3374-3391.

  • Johnson, SL 2003, ‘Stream temperature: scaling of observations and issues for modelling’, Hydrological Processes, vol. 17, pp. 497-499.

  • Johnson, SL 2004, ‘Factors influencing stream temperatures in small streams: substrate effects and a shading experiment’, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 61, pp. 913-923.

  • Kożuchowski, K (ed.) 2005, Meteorologia i klimatologia [Meteorology and climatology], Wyd. Nauk. PWN, Warszawa. (In Polish) Malcolm, IA, Hannah, DM, Donaghy, MJ, Soulsby, C & Youngson, AF 2004, ‘The influence of riparian woodland on the spatial and temporal variability of stream water temperatures in an upland salmon stream’, Hydrology and Earth SystemSciences, vol. 8, pp. 449-459.

  • Marszelewski, W & Strzyżewska-Pietrucień, I 2009, ‘Temperatura wody dolnej Wisły i jej wieloletnie zmiany’ [Water temperature in the lower Vistula and its long-term changes], in Przeobrażeniastosunków wodnych w warunkach zmieniającego sięśrodowiska, eds AT Jankowski, D Absalon, R Machowski & M Ruman, Wydział Nauk o Ziemi Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, Sosnowiec, pp. 197-209. (In Polish)

  • Mitchell, S 1999, ‘A Simple Model for Estimating Mean Monthly Stream Temperatures After Riparian Canopy Removal’, Environmental Management, vol. 24, pp. 77-83.

  • Mohseni, O & Stefan, HG 1999, ‘Stream temperature/air temperature relationship: a physical interpretation’, Journal ofHydrology, vol. 218, pp. 128-141.

  • O’Driscoll, MA & DeWalle, DR 2006, ‘Stream-air temperature relations to classify stream-ground water interactions in a karst setting, central Pennsylvania, USA’, Journal of Hydrology, vol. 329, pp. 140-153.

  • Oksiuta, M 2010,‘Basic parameters of the thermal regime of rivers in the Vistula river catchment’, Miscellanea Geographica, vol. 14, pp. 185-192.

  • Olden, JD & Naiman, RJ 2010, ‘Incorporating thermal regimes into environmental flows assessments: modifying dam operations to restore freshwater ecosystem integrity’, Freshwater Biology, vol. 55, pp. 86-107.

  • Pilgrim, JM, Fang, X & Stefan, HG 1998, ‘Stream temperature correlations with air temperature in Minnesota: implications for climate warming’, Journal of the American Water ResourcesAssociation, vol. 34, pp. 1109-1121.

  • Poole, GC & Berman, CH 2001, ‘An Ecological Perspective on In- Stream Temperature: Natural Heat Dynamics and Mechanisms of Human-Caused Thermal Degradation’, EnvironmentalManagement, vol. 27, pp. 787-802.

  • Poole, GC, Risley, J & Hicks, M 2001, Spatial and TemporalPatterns of Stream Temperature (Revised), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA Region X Temperature Water Quality Criteria Guidance Development Project Issue paper 3, EPA -910-D-01-003.

  • Soja, R 1973, ‘Termika wody w dorzeczu Ropy w okresie maksymalnych temperatur rocznych’ [Water temperature in Ropa basin during annual maximum temperatures], PrzeglądGeograficzny, vol. 45, pp. 587-597. (In Polish) Theurer, FD, Voos, KA & Miller, WJ 1984, Instream WaterTemperature Model, Instream Flow Information Paper 16, U . S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

  • Vannote, RL, Minshall, GW, Cummins, KW, Sedell, JR & Cushing, CE 1980, ‘The river continuum concept’, CanadianJournal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 37, pp. 130-137.

  • Webb, BW & Zhang, Y 1997, ‘Spatial and seasonal variability in the components of the river heat budget’, HydrologicalProcesses, vol. 11, pp. 79-101.

  • Webb, BW & Zhang, Y 1999, ‘Water temperatures and heat budgets in Dorset chalk water courses’, HydrologicalProcesses, vol. 13, pp. 309-321.

  • Webb, BW & Zhang, Y 2004, ‘Intra-annual variability in the nonadvective heat energy budget of Devon streams and rivers’, Hydrological Processes, vol. 18, pp. 2117-2146.

  • Westhoff, MC, Savenije, HHG, Luxemburg, WMJ, Stelling, G S, Van de Giesen, NC, Selker, JS, Pfi ster, L & Uhlenbrook, S 2007, ‘A distributed stream temperature model using high resolution temperature observations’, Hydrological EarthSystem Sciences, vol. 11, pp. 1469-1480.

  • Wiejaczka, Ł 2007a, ‘Dobowy cykl temperatury wody w rzece Ropie poniżej zbiornika retencyjnego w Klimkówce’ [Twentyfour hour cycle of the temperature of water in the Ropa river below water reservoir in Klimkówka], Monitoring ŚrodowiskaPrzyrodniczego, vol. 8, pp. 91-98. (In Polish) Wiejaczka, Ł 2007b, ‘Relacje pomiędzy temperaturą wody w rzece a temperaturą powietrza (na przykładzie rzeki Ropy)’ [Relationship between water temperature in the river and air temperatures (on the Ropa river as an example)], FoliaGeographica Series Geographica-Physica, vol. 37-38, pp. 95-105. (In Polish) Wiejaczka, Ł 2011, ‘Wpływ zbiornika retencyjnego na relacje między temperaturą wody w rzece a temperaturą powietrza’ [Influence of storage reservoir on the relations between the temperature of water in the river and the air temperature], Przegląd Naukowy - Inżynieria i Kształtowanie Środowiska, vol. 53, pp. 183-195. (In Polish)

Miscellanea Geographica

Regional Studies on Development

Journal Information


CiteScore 2016: 0.40

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.227
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.404

Covered by e.g. Web of Science Core Collection by Clarivate Analytics, and SCOPUS by Elsevier
14 points in the Ministerial journal value rating scale

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 21 21 19
PDF Downloads 5 5 4