Spatial patterns of the variability of native residentsin a transitional society: The case of the Czech Republic

Open access

Abstract

Currently, the native residents of a country are an important social phenomenon. Although extensive mobility challenges the bonds between places and their inhabitants, biographies of native residents are less often based in several spatial contexts because they are born and raised in a specific place and live there for their entire lives. This absence of residential mobility has important consequences for the ways native residents relate to their ‘home places’ and how they build local attachments. Using data from the Czech Republic, the main objective of this paper is to explore and analyse recent developments in the structure of native residents. The objects of analysis are the municipalities of the Czech Republic, and aggregate census data are used for the purpose of analysis. Spatial and non-spatial approaches to the analysis showed significant changes in the structure of native residents, revealing statistically significant spatial patterns. In general, the residents of Czech municipalities demonstrate levels of co-residence or ‘mixing’ in a significant way in recent years. Thus, further research into matters such as spatial belonging, attachment and identity should also take into account the influence of mobility.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • ADEY P. (2010): Mobility. London and New York Routledge.

  • ANSELIN L. (1995): Local Indicators of Spatial Association–LISA. Geographical Analysis 27(2): 94–115.

  • ANTONSICH M. (2010): Searching for Belonging – An Analytical Framework. Geography Compass 4(6): 644–659.

  • BLAŽEK J. CSANK P. (2007): The West-East gradient and regional development: the case of the Czech Republic. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Geographica 40(1–2): 89–108.

  • CASSIDY A. MCGRATH B. (2015): Farm place and identity construction among Irish farm youth who migrate. Journal of Rural Studies 37: 20–28.

  • CHROMÝ P. JANŮ H. (2003): Regional identity activation of territorial communities and the potential of the development peripheral regions. Acta Universitatis Carolinae-Geographica 38: 105–117.

  • CHROMÝ P. KUČEROVÁ S. KUČERA Z. (2009): Regional identity contemporary and historical regions and the issue of relict borders – the case of Czechia. Regions and Regionalism 9(2): 9–19.

  • CRESSWELL T. (2002): Introduction: theorizing place. In: Verstraet G. Cresswell T. [eds.]: Mobilizing Place Placing Mobility (pp. 11–32). Amsterdam Rodopi.

  • CRESSWELL T. (2006): On the move: mobility in the modern Western world. London New York Routledge.

  • CZSO (2014): Obyvatelstvo České republiky podle místa narození. Prague CZSO.

  • HAMPL M. DOSTÁL P. DRBOHLAV D. (2007): Social and cultural geography in the Czech Republic: under pressures of globalization and post-totalitarian transformation. Social & Cultural Geography 8(3): 475–493.

  • DOSTÁL P. HAMPL M. (2004): Geography of post-communist transformation and general cycle of regional development: experiences of the Czech Republic in a global context. European Spatial Research and Policy 11(1): 7–29.

  • ELDEN S. (2007): There is a politics of space because space is political. Radical Philosophy Review 10: 101–116.

  • FENG D. BREITUNG W. (2018): What makes you feel at home? Constructing senses of home in two border cities. Population Space and Place 24(3). DOI: 10.1002/psp.2116.

  • FENG D. BREITUNG W. ZHU H. (2014): Creating and defending concepts of home in suburban Guangzhou. Eurasian Geography and Economics 55(4): 381–403.

  • FRIED M. (2000): Continuities and discontinuities of place. Journal of Environmental Psychology 20: 193–205.

  • GERLACH D. (2010): Beyond Expulsion. The Emergence of “Unwanted Elements” in the Postwar Czech Borderlands 1945–1950. East European Politics and Societies 24(2): 269–293.

  • GOLLEDGE R. G. STIMSON R. J. (1997): Spatial behavior: a geographic perspective. New York The Guilford Press.

  • GUSTAFSON P. (2001): Meanings of place: everyday experience and theoretical conceptualizations. Journal of Environmental Psychology 21(1): 5–16.

  • GUSTAFSON P. (2009): Mobility and territorial belonging. Environment and behavior 41(4): 490–508.

  • GUSTAFSON P. (2013): Place attachment in the age of mobility. In: Manzo L. C. Devine-Wright P. [eds.]: Place attachment: Advances in Theory Methods and Applications. London Routledge.

  • HAY R. (1998a): A rooted sence of place in cross-cultural perspective. The Canadian Geographer 42(3): 245–266.

  • HAY R. (1998b). Sence of place in developmental context. Journal of Environmental Psychology 18: 5–29.

  • KUČEROVÁ-KULDOVÁ S. (2008). Contribution to the study of regional identity reproduction process – the case of the Czech resettled borderland. In: Szabó P. Hédl R. [eds.]: Human nature: studies in historical ecology and environmental history (pp. 86–97). Průhonice Institute of Botany of the ASCR.

  • KUČEROVÁ S. (2009): Rodáci a rodáctví. In: Heřmanová E. Chromý P. [eds.]: Kulturní regiony a geografie kultury (pp. 100–108). Prague ASPI.

  • KULDOVÁ S. (2005): Příspěvek ke kulturněgeografickému výzkumu: možnosti hodnocení kulturních aspektů pomocí statistických metod. Geografie – Sborník ČGS 110(4): 44–58.

  • MCCOOL S. F. Martin S. R. (1994): Community Attachment and Attitudes Toward Tourism Development. Journal of Travel Research 33: 29–34.

  • MORAN P. A. P. (1950): Notes on continuous stochastic phenomena. Biometrika 37: 17–23.

  • NETRDOVÁ P. NOSEK V. (2017): Exploring variability and geographical patterns of population characteristics: regional and spatial perspective. Moravian Geographical Reports 25(2): 85–94.

  • PAASI A. (1986): The institutionalization of regions: a theoretical framework for understanding the emergence of regions and the constitution of regional identity. Fennia 164(1): 105–146.

  • PAASI A. (2002): Bounded spaces in the mobile world: deconstructing “regional identity”. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 93(2): 137–148.

  • PAASI A. (2003): Region and place: regional identity in question. Progress in Human Geography 27(4): 475–485.

  • POLLINI G. (2007): Elements of theory of place attachment and socio-territorial belonging. International Review of Sociology 15(3): 497–515.

  • RILEY R. B. (1992): Attachment to the ordinary landscape. In: Altman I. Low S. [eds.]: Place attachment (pp. 13–35). New York Plenum Press.

  • RŮŽKOVÁ J. et al. (1995): Sčítání lidu domů a bytů 1991: pramenné dílo. Prague CZSO.

  • ŠANDA R. (2015): Obvyklý a trvalý pobyt ve sčítání lidu 2011. Demografie 57(2): 113–126.

  • SEMIAN M. CHROMÝ P. (2014): Regional identity as driver or barrier in regional development. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift 68(5): 263–270.

  • SHELLER M. URRY J. (2006): The new mobilities paradigm. Environment and Planning A 38: 207–226.

  • ŠIFTA M. CHROMÝ P. (2017): The importance of symbols in the region formation proces. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift 71(2): 98–113.

  • ŠKRABAL J. et al. (2005): Sčítání lidu domů a bytů 2001: pramenné dílo. Prague CZSO.

  • ŠKRABAL J. et al. (2013): Sčítání lidu domů a bytů 2011: pramenné dílo. Prague CZSO.

  • SLOVÁKOVÁ P. ŠERÝ M. (2016): Narrative interviews in research on post-war socio-historical processes as formative factors of the regional identity of the population. Case study of the Svitavy region (Czech Republic). Hungarian Geographical Bulletin 65(1): 27–42.

  • THEODORY G. L. (2004): Exploring the Association between Length of Residence and Community Attachment: A Research Note. Southern Rural Sociology 20: 107–122.

  • TOMANEY J. (2012): Parochialism – a defence. Progress in Human Geography 37(5): 658–672.

  • TOMANEY J. (2015): Region and place II: Belonging. Progress in Human Geography 39(4): 507–516.

  • TUAN Y. F. (1975): Place: an experiential perspective. The Geographical Review 65(2): 151–165.

  • VAINIKKA J. T. (2015): Reflexive identity narratives and regional legacies. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 106(5): 521–535.

  • WANG F. (2014): Quantitative Methods and Socio-Economic Applications in GIS. Boca Raton CRC Press.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.870
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.858

CiteScore 2018: 2.07

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.445
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.877

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 157 101 3
PDF Downloads 79 57 6