Vertical Handover Decision Algorithm for Heterogeneous Cellular-WLAN Networks

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Multi-access and heterogeneous wireless communications are considered to be one of the solutions for providing generalized mobility, high system efficiency and improved user experience, which are important characteristics of the Next Generation Networks. This paper proposes a Vertical Handover (VHO) decision algorithm for heterogeneous network architectures which integrate both cellular networks and Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs). The cellular-WLAN and WLAN-WLAN VHO decisions are taken based on parameters which characterize both the coverage and the traffic load of the WLANs. Computer simulations performed in complex scenarios show that the proposed algorithm ensures better performance compared to “classical” VHO decision algorithms.

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