Magnon and Phonon Excitations in Nanosized NiO

N. Mironova-Ulmane 1 , A. Kuzmin 1 , I. Sildos 2 , L. Puust 2 , and J. Grabis 3
  • 1 Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, LV-1063, Riga, Latvia
  • 2 Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, 50411, Tartu, Estonia
  • 3 Riga Technical University, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, LV-1048, Riga, Latvia

Abstract

Single-crystal, microcrystalline and nanocrystalline nickel oxides (NiO) have been studied by Raman spectroscopy. A new band at ~200 cm−1 and TO-LO splitting of the band at 350–650 cm−1 have been found in the spectra of single-crystals NiO(100), NiO(110) and NiO(111). The Raman spectra of microcrystalline (1500 nm) and nanocrystalline (13–100 nm) NiO resemble those of the single crystals. They all contain the two-magnon band at 1500 cm−1, indicating that the oxides remain at room temperature in the antiferromagnetic phase. Besides, a new sharp Raman band has been observed at 500 cm−1 in nanocrystalline NiO. Its temperature dependence suggests the magnetic origin of the band, possibly associated with the one-phonon–one-magnon excitation at the Brillouin zone centre.

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