Sail-Type Wind Turbine for Autonomous Power Supplay: Possible Use in Latvia

Open access


Under the conditions of continuous increase in the energy consumption, sharply rising prices of basic energy products (gas, oil, coal), deterioration of environment, etc., it is of vital importance to develop methods and techniques for heat and power generation from renewables. The paper considers the possibility to use a sail-type wind turbine for autonomous power supply in Latvia, taking into account its climatic conditions. The authors discuss the problems of developing a turbine of the type that would operate efficiently at low winds, being primarily designed to supply power to small buildings and farms distant from centralized electricity networks. The authors consider aerodynamic characteristics of such a turbine and the dependence of the thrust moment of its pilot model on the airflow rate at different angles of attack. The pilot model with a changeable blade shape has been tested and shows a good performance.

1. Bezrukih, P.P. (2010). Wind power. Directory and a methodical guide. Moscow: Energy.

2. Abdrakhmanov, R.S. & Yakimov, F.V. (2001). The effectiveness of using wind energy sources with reduced wind speeds. Izvestiya RAN. Energy, (5), 54-57.

3. Marin,V.P. & Sidorov, A.V. (2012). Alternative electricity is a step towards future technologies. High Tech.,13(10) Moscow: Radio Engineering, 010-019.

4. Energy Saving Technologies.

5. Projects of the test stands energy efficiency monitoring.

6. Jakovich, A., Gendelis, S., Ozolins, A. & Sakipova, S.E. (2014). Energy Efficiency and Sustainability of Low Energy Houses in Latvian Climate Conditions. Int. Conf.” Energy, Environment, Development and Economics”, 17-21 July, pp.109-114. Santorini (Greece).

7. Glickson, D. (Jan. 2014). New Test Facility to Improve Wind Turbines Renewable Energy News & Information.

8. Alternatives in Power Engineering (Nov.19, 2013).

9. World Wind Energy Association Report (2012)

10. World Wind Energy Association Report (2013)

11. Free electricity market operator in Latvian Enefit (Eesti Energia)

12. EBRR Renewable Development Initiative - Latvia.

13. Pavluts, D. (Sept. 3, 2012). Green energy should become profitable.

14. Lizuma, L., Avotniece, Z., Rupainis, S. & Teilans A. (2013). Assessment of the Present and Future Offshore Wind Power Potential: A Case Study in a Target Territory of the Baltic Sea near the Latvian Coast. The Scientific World Journal, ID 126428. journals/tswj/2013/126428/

15. Kenisarin, M.M., Kenisarin, K.M. (2009). Development of wind power engineering in the world and the prospects of its development in the CIS and Baltic countries. http: //

16. Gulf of Riga-wind energy resource. GORWIND projects (2012).

17. Operative information of Latvian Center for Environment, Geology and Meteorology

18. Jakovics, A., Sakipov, S.E. et al. (2014). Development of autonomous energy supply system using a sail type wind turbine. Int. Conf.” Energy, Environment, Development and Economics”, 17-21 July, pp. 62 - 66. Santorini (Greece).

19. Voitsekhovskii, B.V. (1980). Promising energy sources and their comparison. J. of Appl. Mechanics and Theor. Physics, (5), 118-125.

20. Martin, O. L. Hansen, L. (2008). Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines. London: Sterling, VA.

21. Yershina, A.K., & Kaptagai, G.A. (2011). Theory of sailing wind turbine. Intern. Journal of Applied and Fundamental Research, (6), 128-131.

22. Sakipova, S.E., Kambarova, Zh., et al. (2013). Development of sail type wind turbine for small wind speeds. Eurasian Phys. Tech. Journal, 10(2), 20-25.

23. Gushkin, A.A. A sail wind turbine. RF Patent № 2331794. Publ. 27.03.2011.

24. Kashin, Y.A., Kashin, R.E. (2004). An autonomous wind power plant (AWPP) with a maximum level of conversion of wind energy. A mathematical model of the wind turbine. Bulletin of the Gomel State Techn. University, (3), 59-64.

Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences

The Journal of Institute of Physical Energetics

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.46

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.226
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.653


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 110 110 16
PDF Downloads 31 31 5