Possible plate tectonic controls on faunal diversity dynamics have been discussed in the geological literature for around 50 years. The new model of plate tectonic processes is here linked to Jurassic generic diversity (simple α-diversity) of brachiopods. This comparison offers three observations, four hypotheses and three unresolved issues. Most importantly, changes in the global plate root mean square speed coincided with brachiopod diversity dynamics, which can be explained hypothetically by either environmental disturbance triggered by more active plate motion or activity of any process (such as eustasy) tied to plate tectonic mechanisms and with an impact on marine benthic communities. It is also established that global generic diversity dynamics of brachiopods during the Jurassic coincided with the regional picture as established for the Northern Caucasus and the Swiss Jura Alps; this coincidence is difficult to explain with regard to plate tectonics. These and other speculative considerations do not clarify the role of the plate tectonic factor in Jurassic generic diversity dynamics of brachiopods, and, thus, they indicate important issues for further research.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Aberhan M. 2001. Bivalve palaeobiogeography and the Hispanic Corridor: Time of opening and effectiveness of a proto-Atlantic seaway. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 165 375–394.
Aberhan M. 2002. Opening of the Hispanic Corridor and Early Jurassic bivalve biodiversity. Geological Society Special Publication 194 127–139.
Arias C. 2006. Northern and Southern Hemispheres ostracod palaeobiogeography during the Early Jurassic: Possible migration routes. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 233 63–95.
Baeza-Carratalá J.F. García Joral F. & Tent-Manclús J.E. 2016. Lower Jurassic brachiopods from the Ibero-Levantine Sector (Iberian Range): Faunal turnovers and critical bioevents. Journal of Iberian Geology 42 355–369.
Baeza-Carratalá J.F. Reolid M. & García Joral F. 2017. New deep-water brachiopod resilient assemblage from the South-Iberian Palaeomargin (Western Tethys) and its significance for the brachiopod adaptive strategies around the Early Toarcian Mass Extinction Event. Bulletin of Geosciences 92 233–256.
Baeza-Carratalá J.F. García Joral F. Goy A. & Tent-Manclús J.E. 2018. Arab-Madagascaran brachiopod dispersal along the North-Gondwana paleomargin towards the Western Tethys Ocean during the Early Toarcian (Jurassic). Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 490 252–268.
Carlson S.J. 2016. The Evolution of Brachiopoda. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 44 409–438.
Caswell B.A. & Frid C.L.J. 2017. Marine ecosystem resilience during extreme deoxygenation: the Early Jurassic oceanic anoxic event. Oecologia 183 275–290.
Caswell B.A. Coe A.L. & Cohen A.S. 2009. New range data for marine invertebrate species across the early Toarcian (Early Jurassic) mass extinction. Journal of the Geological Society 166 859–872.
Curry G.B. & Brunton C.H.C. 2007. Stratigraphic distribution of brachiopods. In: Selden P.A. (Ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H. Brachiopoda. Revised. Vol. 6. Geological Society of America University of Kansas Boulder and Lawrence pp. 2901–3081.
Golonka J. 2004. Plate tectonic evolution of the southern margin of Eurasia in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Tectonophysics 381 235–273.
Hallam A. 1981. Plate tectonics biogeography and evolution. Nature 293 31–32.
Hallam A. 1986. The Pliensbachian and Tithonian extinction events. Nature 319 765–768.
Hallam A. 1988. A re-evaluation of Jurassic eustasy in the light of new data and the revised Exxon curve. In: Wilgus C.K. Hastings B.S. Kendall C.G.St.C. Posamentier H.W. Ross C.A. & Van Wagoner J.C. (Eds): Sea-Level Changes – An Integrated Approach. SEPM Special Publication 42 pp. 261–273.
Hallam A. 1996. Recovery of the marine fauna in Europe after the end-Triassic and early Toarcian mass extinctions. Geological Society Special Publication 102 231–236.
Hallam A. 2001. A review of the broad pattern of Jurassic sea-level changes and their possible causes in the light of current knowledge. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 167 23–37.
Haq B.U. & Al-Qahtani A.M. 2005. Phanerozoic cycles of sea-level change on the Arabian Platform. GeoArabia 10 127–160.
Haq B.U. Hardenbol J. & Vail P.R. 1987. Chronology of Fluctuating Sea Levels Since the Triassic. Science 235 1156–1167.
Harries P.J. & Little C.T.S. 1999. The early Toarcian (Early Jurassic) and the Cenomanian-Turonian (Late Cretaceous) mass extinctions: similarities and contrasts. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 154 39–66.
Jain S. 2017. Fundamentals of Invertebrate Palaeontology. Macrofossils. Springer New Delhi 405 pp.
Jones R.W. 2012. Applied Palaeontology. Cambridge University Press Cambridge 434 pp.
Knox G.A. 1980. Plate tectonics and the evolution of intertidal and shallow-water benthic biotic distribution patterns of the southwest Pacific. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 31 267–297.
Leprieur F. Descombes P. Gaboriau T. Cowman P.F. Parravicini V. Kulbicki M. Melian C.J. De Santana C.N. Heine C. Mouillot D. Bellwood D.R. & Pellissier L. 2016. Plate tectonics drive tropical reef biodiversity dynamics. Nature Communications 7 11461.
Little C.T.S. & Benton M.J. 1995. Early Jurassic mass extinction: A global long-term event. Geology 23 495–498.
Manceñido M.O. 2002. Paleobiogeography of Mesozoic brachiopod faunas from Andean-Patagonian areas in a global context. Geobios 35 (supplement) 176–192.
Matthews K.J. Maloney K.T. Zahirovic S. Williams S.E. Seton M. & Müller R.D. 2016. Global plate boundary evolution and kinematics since the late Paleozoic. Global and Planetary Change 146 226–250.
Ogg J.G. Ogg G.M. & Gradstein F.M. 2016. A Concise Geologic Time Scale 2016. Elsevier Amsterdam.
Pfiffner O.A. 2014. Geology of the Alps. Wiley-Blackwell Chichester 376 pp.
Porter S.J. Selby D. Suzuki K. & Gröcke D. 2013. Opening of a trans-Pangaean marine corridor during the Early Jurassic: Insights from osmium isotopes across the Sinemurian-Pliensbachian GSSP Robin Hood’s Bay UK. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 375 50–58.
Riccardi A.C. 1991. Jurassic and cretaceous marine connections between the Southeast Pacific and Tethys. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 87 155–189.
Ruban D.A. 2006. The Palaeogeographic Outlines of the Caucasus in the Jurassic: The Caucasian Sea and the Neotethys Ocean. Geološki anali Balkanskoga poluostrva 67 1–11.
Ruban D.A. 2010a. Palaeoenvironmental setting (glaciations sea level and plate tectonics) of Palaeozoic major radiations in the marine realm. Annales de Paléontologie 96 143–158.
Ruban D.A. 2010b. The Permian/Triassic mass extinction among brachiopods in the Northern Caucasus (northern Palaeo-Tethys): A tentative assessment. Geobios 43 355–363.
Ruban D.A. 2010c. Spatio-temporal patterns of the major Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) hiatus in the Greater Caucasus Basin (Northern Neo-Tethys Ocean) and its enigmatic origin. GeoActa 9 21–30.
Ruban D.A. 2011. Diversity dynamics of Callovian-Albian brachiopods in the Northern Caucasus (northern Neo-Tethys) and a Jurassic/Cretaceous mass extinction. Paleontological Research 15 154–167.
Ruban D.A. 2013. Was there more space in the late Early Devonian for marine biodiversity to peak than in the early Late Ordovician? A brief note. Geološki anali Balkanskoga poluostrva 74 1–8.
Ruban D.A. 2015. Mesozoic long-term eustatic cycles and their uncertain hierarchy. Geoscience Frontiers 6 503–511.
Ruban D.A. 2016. A “chaos” of Phanerozoic eustatic curves. Journal of African Earth Sciences 116 225–232.
Ruban D.A. 2018. Episodic events in long-term geological processes: A new classification and its applications. Geoscience Frontiers 9 377–389.
Ruban D.A. & Sallam E.S. 2016. Bajocian-Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) sea-level changes in northeastern Egypt: Synthesis and further implications. Journal of African Earth Sciences 120 181–185.
Seton M. Müller R.D. Zahirovic S. Gaina C. Torsvik T. Shephard G. Talsma G. Gurnis M. Turner M. Maush S. & Chandler M. 2012. Global continental and ocean basin reconstructions since 200 Ma. Earth-Science Reviews 113 212–270.
Sha J. 2002. Hispanic corridor formed as early as Hettangian: On the basis of bivalve fossils. Chinese Science Bulletin 47 414–417.
Smith P.L. & Tipper H.W. 1986. Plate tectonics and paleobiogeography: early Jurassic (Pliensbachian) endemism and diversity (North America). Palaios 1 399–412.
Sommaruga A. 1997. Geology of the Central Jura and the Molasse Basin: New insight into an evaporite-based foreland fold and thrust belt. Mémoire de la société neuachâteloise des sciences naturelles 12 1–176.
Strasser A. Pittet B. & Hug W. 2015. Palaeogeography of a shallow carbonate platform: The case of the Middle to Late Oxfordian in the Swiss Jura Mountains. Journal of Palaeogeography 4 251–268.
Sulser H. 2016. Die fossilen Brachiopoden der Schweiz und der umliegenden Gebiete. Paläontologisches Institut und Museum der Universität Zürich Zürich 454 pp.
Valentine J.W. & Moores E.M. 1970. Plate-tectonic regulation of faunal diversity and sea level: A model. Nature 228 657–659.
Valentine J.W. & Moores E.M. 1972. Global Tectonics and the Fossil Record. Journal of Geology 80 167–184.
Vörös A. Kocsis Á.T. & Pälfy J. 2016. Demise of the last two spire-bearing brachiopod orders (Spiriferinida and Athyridida) at the Toarcian (Early Jurassic) extinction event. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 457 233–241.
Westermann G.E.G. 2000. Marine faunal realms of the Mesozoic: review and revision under the new guidelines for biogeographic classification and nomenclature. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 163 49–68.
Wignall P.B. Newton R.J. & Little C.T.S. 2005. The timing of paleoenvironmental change and cause-and-effect relationships during the Early Jurassic mass extinction in Europe. American Journal of Science 305 1014–1032.
Zaffos A. Finnegan S. & Peters S.E. 2017. Plate tectonic regulation of global marine animal diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 114 5653–5658.