The life cycle of seismite research

A.J. (Tom) Van Loon 1
  • 1 Geological Institute, Adam Mickiewicz University, Maków Polnych 16, 61-606 Poznañ, Poland. E-mail:

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Anketell, J.M., Cegla, J. & Dżulyñski, S., 1969. Unconformable surfaces formed in the absence of current erosion. Geologia Romaniei8, 41-46.

  • Anketell, J.M., Cegla, J. & Dżulyñski, S., 1970. On the deformational structures in systems with reversed density gradients. Annales Societatis Geologorum Polo-niae1, 3-30.

  • Dżulyñski, S. & Walton, E.K., 1965. Sedimentary features of flysch and greywackes.Elsevier (Amsterdam), 274 pp.

  • Goodman, R.E. & Appuhn, R.A., 1966. Model experiments on the earthquake response of soil-filled basins. Geological Society of America Bulletin77, 1315-1326.

  • He, B., Qiao, X., Jiao, C., Xu, Z., Cai, Z., Guo, X., Zhang, Y. & Zhang, M., 2014. Paleo-earthquake events in the late Early Palaeozoic of the central Tarim Basin: evidence from deep drilling cores. Geologos20, 105-123.

  • Jiang, H., Mao, X. Xu, H., Yang, H., Ma, X., Zhong, N. & Li, Y., 2014. Provenance and earthquake signature of the last deglacial Xinmocun lacustrine sediments at Diexi, East Tibet. Geomorphology204, 518-531.

  • Kleverlaan, K., 1987. Gordo megabed: a possible seismite in a Tortonian submarine fan, Tabernas Basin, province Almeria, southeast Spain. Sedimentary Geology51, 165-180.

  • Koga, Y. & Matsuo, O., 1990. Shaking table tests of embankments resting on liquefiable sandy ground. Soils and Foundation30, 163-174.

  • Korzhenkov, A.M., Avanesian, M.A., Karakhanian, A.S. & Virgino, A., 2014. Seismic convolutions in the Quaternary deposits of Lake Sevan, Armenia. Russian Geology and Geophysics55, 46-53.

  • Kuenen, P.H., 1958. Experiments in geology. Transactions of the Geological Society of Glasgow23, 1-26.

  • Liang, D.Y., Song, Z.M. & Nie, Z.T., 2002. Seismites in the Middle Proterozoic at Baishushan, Hebei Province. Geological Bulletin of China21, 625-628 (in Chinese).

  • Mats, V.D., 2012. The sedimentary fill of the Baikal Basin: Implications for rifting age and geodynamics. Russian Geology and Geophysics53, 936-954.

  • Mazumder, R., Van Loon, A.J. & Arima, M., 2006. Soft-sediment deformation structures in the Earth's oldest seismites. Sedimentary Geology186, 19-26.

  • Mazumder, R., Rodríguez-López, J.P., Arima, M. & Van Loon, A.J., 2009. Palaeoproterozoic seismites (finegrained facies of the Chaibasa Fm., E India) and their soft-sediment deformation structures. [In:] S. Reddy, R. Mazumder, D. Evans & A. Collins (Eds): Palaeo-proterozoic supercontinents and global evolution. Geological Society, London, Special Publications323, 301-318.

  • McKee, E.D. & Goldberg, M., 1969. Experiments on formation of contorted structures in mud. Geological Society of America Bulletin80, 231-244.

  • Montenat, C., Barrier, P., Ott d'Estevou, P. & Hibsch, C., 2007. Seismites: an attempt at critical analysis and classification. Sedimentary Geology196, 5-30.

  • Moretti, M. & Van Loon, A.J., 2014. Restrictions to the application of ‘diagnostic’ criteria for recognizing ancient seismites. Journal of Palaeogeography3 (162-173).

  • Moretti, M., Alfaro, P., Caselles, O. & Canas, J.A., 1999. Modelling seismites with a digital shaking table. Tec-tonophysics304, 369-383.

  • Mugnier, J.-L., Gajurel, A., Huyghe, P., Jayangondape-rumal, R., Jouanne, F. & Upreti, B., 2013. Structural interpretation of the great earthquakes of the last millennium in the central Himalaya. Earth-Science Reviews127, 30-47.

  • Nichols, R.J., Sparks, R.S.J. & Wilson, C.J.N., 1994. Experimental studies of the fluidisation of layered sediments and the formation of fluid escape structures. Sedimentology41, 233-253.

  • Owen, G., 1985. Mechanism and controls of deformation in unconsolidated sands: an experimental approach.Ph.D. Thesis University of Reading, 2 volumes, 674 pp.

  • Owen, G., 1987. Deformation processes in unconsolidated sands. [In:] M.E. Jones & R.M.F. Preston (Eds): Deformation of sediments and sedimentary rocks. Geological Society, London, Special Publications29, 11-24.

  • Owen, G., 1996. Experimental soft-sediment deformation: structures formed by the liquefaction of unconsolidated sands and some ancient examples. Sedimentology43, 279-293.

  • Owen, G. & Moretti, M., 2011. Identifying triggers for liquefaction-induced soft-sediment deformation in sands. Sedimentary Geology235, 141-147.

  • Perucca, L.P., Godoy, E. & Pantano, A., 2014. Late Pleis-tocene-Holocene earthquake-induced slumps and soft-sediment deformation structures in the Acequion River valley, Central Precordillera, Argentina. Geolo- gos 20, 147-156.

  • Qiao, X., Gao, L. & Peng, Y., 2007. Mesoproterozoic earthquake event and breakup of the Sino-Korean Plate. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition)81, 385-397.

  • Rettger, R.E., 1935. Experiments on soft-rock deformation. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin19, 271-292.

  • Rogers, F.J., 1930. Experiments with a shaking machine. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America20, 149155.

  • Santos, M.G.M., Almeida, R.P., Mountney, N.P. & Frago-so-Cesar, A.R.S., 2012. Seismites as a tool in the palae-oenvironmental reconstruction of fluvial deposits: the Cambrian Guarda Velha Formation, southern Brazil. Sedimentary Geology 277/278, 52-60.

  • Sarkar, S., Choudhuri, A., Banerjee, S., Van Loon, A.J. & Bose, P.K., 2014. Seismic and non-seismic soft-sediment deformation structures in the Proterozoic Bhander Limestone, central India. Geologos20, 89-103.

  • Schneiderhan, E.A., Bhattacharya, H.N., Zimmermann, U. & Gutzmer, J., 2013. Archean seismites of the Ven-tersdorp Supergroup, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology108, 345-350.

  • Seilacher, A., 1969. Fault-graded beds interpreted as seis-mites. Sedimentology13, 15-159.

  • Seilacher, A., 1984. Sedimentary structures tentatively attributed to seismic events. Marine Geology55, 1-12.

  • Sims, J.D., 1973. Earthquake-induced structures in sediments of Van Norman Lake, San Fernando, California. Science182, 161-163.

  • Sims, J.D., 1975. Determining earthquake recurrence intervals from deformational structures in young lacustrine sediments. Tectonophysics29, 141-152.

  • Spalletta, C. & Vai, G.B., 1984. Upper Devonian intraclast parabreccias interpreted as seismites. Marine Geology 55, 133-144.

  • Tian, H.S., Zhang, B.H., Zhang, S.H. & Lü, M.Y., 2014, Neogene seismites and seismic volcanic rocks in the Linqu area, Shandong Province, E China. Geologos20, 125-137.

  • Tohver, E., Cawood, P.A., Riccomini, C., Lana, C. & Trin-dade, R.I.F., 2013. Shaking a methane fizz: seismicity from the Araguainha impact event and the Permi-an-Triassic global carbon isotope record. Palaeogeogra-phy, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology387, 66-75.

  • Üner, S., 2014. Seismogenic structures in Quaternary lacustrine deposits of Lake Van (eastern Turkey). Geo- logos20, 79-87.

  • Valente, A., Ślązka, A. & Cavuoto, G., 2014. Soft-sediment deformation in Miocene deep-sea clastic deposits (Cilento, southern Italy). Geologos20, 67-78.

  • Van Loon, A.J., 2009. Soft-sediment deformation structures in siliciclastic sediments: an overview. Geologos 15, 3-55.

  • Van Loon, A.J., 2014. The Mesoproterozoic ‘seismite’ at Laiyuan (Hebei Province, E China) re-interpreted. Ge- ologos20, 139-146.

  • Van Loon, A.J. & Pisarka-Jamroży, M., 2014. Sedimen-tological evidence of Pleistocene earthquakes in NW Poland induced by glacio-isostatic rebound. Sedimentary Geology300, 1-10.

  • Van Loon, A.J. & Su, D., 2013. Deformed stromatolites in marbles of the Mesoproterozoic Wumishan Formation as evidence for synsedimentary seismic activity. Journal of Palaeogeography2, 390-401.


Journal + Issues