The Influence of Demographic Development and Population Structure on the Demand for Public Passenger Transport

Open access

Abstract

A prerequisite for realizing the demand for public passenger transport is the existence of its potential which represents the population of a city, region or state. The number of inhabitants has a direct impact on the demand for transport. The paper deals with examining the relationship and dependence between the population demographic development and the demand for public passenger transport. Not only in Slovakia but also in Europe and in the world, the main problem is the ageing population. The changing age structure of the population changes requirements, demands and habits of transported population groups. A gradual increase in the holders of cards of a person with severe disability or a person with severe disability with accompaniment can be observed in Slovakia in recent years. This group of the population has also a very strong impact on the demand for public passenger transport. The dependence between individual variables is examined in the conditions of the Ţilina self-governing region.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Paulley N. Balcombe R. Mackett R. Titheridge H. Preston J. Wardman M. Shires J. & White P. (2006). The demnad for public transport: The effects of fares quality of service income and car ownership. Transport Policy 13(4) 295-306. DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2005.12.004.

  • [2] Metz D. (2012). Demographic determinants of daily travel demand. Transport Policy 21 20-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.01.007.

  • [3] Gnap J. & Konečný V. (2008). The impact of a demographic trend on the demand for scheduled bus transport in the Slovak Republic. Komunikacie 10(2) 55-59. ISSN:13354205.

  • [4] Konečný V. Bereţný R. Petro F. & Trnovcová M. (2017). Research of demand for bus transport and transport habitsof high school students in Ţilina region. LOGI-Scientific Journal transport and Logistics 8(2) 47-58. DOI: 10.1515/logi-2017-0016.

  • [5] Metz D. (2010). Transport policy for an ageing population. Transport Rewievs 23(4) 375-386. DOI: 10.1080/0144164032000048573.

  • [6] Alsnih R. & Hensher D. A. (2003). The mobility and accessibility expectations of seniors in an aging population. Transport Policy 37(10) 903-916. DOI: 10.1016/S0965-8564(03)00073-9.

  • [7] Veterník M. & Gogola M. (2017). Examining of correlation between demographic development of population and their travel behaviour. Procedie Engineering 192 929-934. DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.06.160.

  • [8] Bowering T. (2019). Ageing Mobility and the City: Objects Infrastructures and Practices in Everyday Assemblages of Civic Spaces in East London. Journal of Population Ageing 12(2) 151-177. DOI: 10.1007/s12062-019-9240-3.

  • [9] Wong R. C. P. Szeto W. Y. Yang L. C. Li Y. C. & Wong S. C. (2017). Elderly users’ level of satisfaction with public transport services in a high-density and transit-oriented city. Journal of Transport & Health 7 209-217. DOI: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.10.004.

  • [10] Website for displaying and forecasting population pyramids <https://www.populationpyramid.net/>

  • [11] Demographic trends: How will an aging population affect transport planning and urban regeneration? Available at: https://www.mayerbrown.co.uk/keep-up-to-date/blog/posts/demographic-trends-how-will-an-aging-population-affect-transport-planning-and-urban-regeneration/

  • [12] Tariff conditions determined by Banská Bystrica self-governing region for suburban bus transport provided based on the public service contract. Available at: < https://www.vucbb.sk/Portals/0/Files/tarifne-podmienky-bbsk-1-6-2012.pdf>.

  • [13] Transport regulation of Integrated Transport system in Bratislava county valid from 1.10.2018. Available at: <https://www.idsbk.sk/download/B20180927T000000194.pdf>.

  • [14] Tariff conditions in suburban regular bus transport provided based on the public service contract in Košice self-governing region. Available at: <https://web.vucke.sk/files/doprava/priloha-c-2a-k-zmluve-2013-tarifa-eurobus.pdf>.

  • [15] Tariff conditions in suburban regular bus transport provided based on the public service contract concluded with the company of ARRIVA Nitra a. s. Available at: < www.arrivanitra.sk/res/data/018/002201.pdf>.

  • [16] Tariff conditions in suburban regular bus transport provided based on the public service contract in Prešov self-governing region. Available at. Dostupné na internete: <https://www.po-kraj.sk/sk/samosprava/urad/odbor-dopravy/cestovne-poriadky/>.

  • [17] Tariff of suburban bus transport SAD Trenčín a. s. company. Valid from 01.09.2018. Available at: < https://www.sadtn.sk/files/download/tarifa_pal_01092018.pdf?1540484281>.

  • [18] Fares in TTSK č. 1/2011. Available at: < http://www.sadtrnava.sk/data/cenniky/cenovy_vymer_vuc_novy.pdf>.

  • [19] Tariff of suburban bus transport carrier for carriage of passengers and baggage. SAD Ţilina a.s. company. Available at: < https://www.sadza.sk/files/tarifa-primestska-doprava.pdf?1540484741>.

  • [20] Transport regulation of Ţelezničnej spoločnosti Slovensko a. s. company. Valid from 15.06.2015. Available at: <http://www.slovakrail.sk/uploads/tx_main/2018/01/23/PP_ZSSK_vydanie_7_so_zaprac_zmenou_5_od_2018-02-01_-_final.pdf>

  • [21] Demographic Research Centre INFOSTAT. Population Prognosis in the SR 2013-2015 – self-governing regions. Available at: < http://www.infostat.sk/vdc/sk/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=12&Itemid=56>.

  • [22] Kubikova S. Kalasova A. & Cernicky L. (2014). Microscopic Simulation of Optimal Use of Communication Network Telematics - Support for Transport Communications in Computer and Information Science J. Mikulski ed. pp. 414-423 Berlin: Springer-Verlag Berlin.

  • [23] Demographic Research Centre INFOSTAT. Prognosis of population development in the SR till 2050. Edition: Acts Bratislava November 2002. 35-2002-A/9

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 20 20 8
PDF Downloads 16 16 10