Changes in Chara hispida L. morphology in response to phosphate aluminium coagulant application

Open access

Abstract

Progressing eutrophication of waterbodies requires measures to be undertaken that aim at halting or reversing negative changes in the environment. Chemical restoration is one of the most common methods used for lake treatment, where iron or aluminium phosphate coagulants are applied. However, their chemical qualities pose the risk of acidification and aluminium ion release, which become toxic in acidic conditions. The influence of coagulants on aquatic plants, including charophytes that are very valuable from the ecological perspective, is little recognised. For this reason, the aim of the research was to define changes in the growth pattern of the charophyte Chara hispida under the influence of an aluminium coagulant. The research was carried out in mesocosms (0.8 m3) located in situ in a lake. Polyaluminium chloride was applied once to each chamber in doses of 50.0, 100.0 and 200.0 ml m−3. Coagulant concentrations reflected aggressive restoration aimed at precipitation of phosphates, suspension and water colour at the same time. It was proved that the coagulant had inhibited the growth and slightly reduced the length of branchlets, and simultaneously elongated internode cells. Changes in the total length as well as the length of branchlets were caused by a strong pH decrease of the environment which simultaneously induced higher aluminium solubility and toxicity. Elongation of internode cells was caused by reduced light availability, resulting from high water turbidity in the first stage of coagulant’s application, and then from the charophytes’ thallus being covered by a coagulated suspension precipitated from water.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [APHA] American Public Health Association 1998 Standard methods for water and wastewaters analyzing Am. Publ. Health Assoc. Washington 541 pp.

  • Bakker E.S. Van Donk E. Immers A.K. 2016 Lake restoration by in-lake ironaddition: a synopsis of iron impact on aquatic organisms and shallow lake ecosystems Aquat. Ecol. 50(1): 121–135.

  • Blindow I. Hargeby A. Andersson G. 2002 Seasonal changes of mechanisms maintaining clear water in a shallow lake with abundant Chara vegetation Aquat. Bot. 72(3–4): 315–334.

  • Blindow I. Schütte M. 2007 Elongation and mat formation of Chara aspera under different light and salinity conditions Hydrobiologia 584(1): 69–76.

  • Brooks B.W. Lazorchak J.M. Howard M.D.A. Johnson M.-V.V. Morton S.L. Perkins D.A.K. Reavie E.D. Scott G.I. Smith S.A. Steevens J.A. 2016 Are harmful algal blooms becoming the greatest inland water quality threat to public health and aquatic ecosystems? Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 35(1): 6–13.

  • Cooke G.D. Welch E.B. Peterson S.A. Nichols S.A. 2005 Restoration and management of lakes and reservoirs CRC Press Boca Raton 616 pp.

  • Dokulil M.T. Teubner K. 2000 Cyanobacterial dominance in lakes Hydrobiologia 438(1–3): 1–12.

  • Drabek O. Mladkova L. Boruvka L. Szakova J. Nikodem A. Nemecek K. 2005 Comparison of water-soluble and exchangeable forms of Al in acid forest soils J. Inorg. Biochem. 99(9): 1788–1795.

  • Dunalska J.A. Wiśniewski G. 2016 Can we stop the degradation of lakes? Innovative approaches in lake restoration Ecol. Eng. 95: 714–722.

  • Gąbka M. 2009 Charophytes of the Wielkopolska region (NW Poland): distribution taxonomy and autecology Bogucki Wydaw. Nauk. Poznań 109 pp.

  • Gensemer R.W. Playle R.C. 1999 The bioavailability and toxicity of aluminum in aquatic environments Crit. Rev. Env. Sci. Tec. 29(4): 315–450.

  • Gibbs MM Hickey CW Özkundakci D 2011 Sustainability assessment and comparison of efficacy of four P-inactivation agents for managing internal phosphorus loads in lakes: Sediment incubations Hydrobiologia 658(1): 253–275.

  • Godbold D.L. Jentschke G. Marschner P. 1995 Solution pH modifies the response of Norway spruce seedlings to aluminium Plant Soil 171(1): 175–178.

  • Gołdyn R. Podsiadłowski S. Dondajewska R. Kozak A. 2014 The sustainable restoration of lakes-towards the challenges of the Water Framework Directive Ecohydrol. Hydrobiol. 14(1): 68–74.

  • Grochowska J. Brzozowska R. Parszuto K. 2014 The influence of different recultivation techniques on primary production processes in a degraded urban lake Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 43(3): 211–218.

  • Hilt S. Gross E.M. Hupfer M. Morscheid H. Mahlmann J. Melzer A. Poltz J. Sandrock S. Scharf E.M. Schneider S. Van de Weyer K. 2006. Restoration of submerged vegetation in shallow eutrophic lakes – a guideline and state of the art in Germany Limnologica 36(3): 155–171.

  • Immers A.K. Van der Sande M.T. Van der Zande R.M. Geurts J.J.M. Van Donk E. Bakker E.S. 2013 Iron addition as a shallow lake restoration measure: impacts on charophyte growth Hydrobiologia 710(1): 241–251.

  • Jiang J.Q. Graham N.J.D. 1998 Pre-polymerised inorganic coagulants and phosphorus removal by coagulation – A review Water SA (Pretoria) 24(3): 237–244.

  • Joniak T. Jakubowska N. Szelag-Wasielewska E. 2013 Degradation of the recreational functions of urban lake: a preliminary evaluation of water turbidity and light availability (Strzeszyńskie Lake Western Poland) Pol. J. Nat. Sci. 28(1): 43–51.

  • Kinraide T.B. 1991 Identity of the rhizotoxic aluminium species Plant Soil 134(1): 167–178.

  • Kozłowski J. 1992 Optimal allocation of resources to growth and reproduction: Implications for age and size at maturity Trends Ecol. Evol. 7(1): 15–19.

  • Kufel L. Kufel I. 2002 Chara beds acting as nutrient sinks in shallow lakes – A review Aquat. Bot. 72(3–4): 249–260.

  • Ławniczak A.E. 2016 Long-term changes in water quality and ecological status of lakes in the Wielkopolska National Park and its buffer zone with special reference to effectiveness of the lakes’ protection Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 45(4): 524–538.

  • Marschner H. 1991 Mechanisms of adaptation of plants to acid soils Plant Soil 134(1): 1–20.

  • Oberholster P.J. Myburgh J.G. Ashton P.J. Coetzee J.J. Botha A-M. 2012 Bioaccumulation of aluminium and iron in the food chain of Lake Loskop South Africa Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 75(1): 134–141.

  • Orihel D.M. Schindler D.W. Ballard N.C. Wilson L.R. Vinebrooke R.D. 2016 Experimental iron amendment suppresses toxic cyanobacteria in a hypereutrophic lake Ecol. Appl. 26(5): 1517–1534.

  • Persson G. 2008 Zooplankton response to long-term liming: Comparison of 15 limed and 15 reference lakes in Sweden Limnologica 38(1): 1–13.

  • Pizarro J. Belzile N. Filella M. Leppard G.G. Negre J.-C. Perret D. Buffle J. 1995 Coagulation/sedimentation of submicron particles in a eutrophic lake Wat. Res. 29(2): 617–632.

  • Pretty J.N. Mason C.F. Nedwell D.B. Hine R.E. Leaf S. Dils R. 2003 Environmental costs of freshwater eutrophication in England and Wales Environ. Sci. Technol. 37(2): 201–208.

  • Reid R.J. Tester M.A. Smith F.A. 1995 Calcium/aluminium interactions in the cell wall and plasma membrane of Chara Planta 195(3): 362–368.

  • Rosińska J. Kozak A. Dondajewska R. Gołdyn R. 2017 Cyanobacteria blooms before and during the restoration process of a shallow urban lake J. Environ. Manage. 198(Pt 1): 340–347.

  • Rybak M. Joniak T. Gąbka M. Sobczyński T. 2017a The inhibition of growth and oospores production in Chara hispida L. as an effect of iron sulphate addition: conclusions for the use of iron coagulants in lake restoration Ecol. Eng. 105: 1–6.

  • Rybak M. Joniak T. Gąbka M. Sobczyński T. Ratajczak I. 2016a Ecological implications the use of chemical methods in lakes restoration: Impact of aluminium coagulants on stoneworts Proc. of the 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016. Vol. 2 (Book 5) 28 June – 6 July 2016 Albena: 271–278.

  • Rybak M. Joniak T. Sobczyński T. 2016b Changeability of water hardness complex under the influence of acidic coagulants of phosphates – example from a hardwater lake [Abstract] Book of abstract of the International Conference „Lakes reservoirs and ponds: Impact–Threats–Conservation” 31 May – 3 June 2016 Iława: 315–321.

  • Rybak M. Kołodziejczyk A. Joniak T. Ratajczak I. Gąbka M. 2017b Bioaccumulation and toxicity studies of macroalgae (Charophyceae) treated with aluminium: Experimental studies in the context of lake restoration Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 145: 359–366.

  • Rydin E. Welch E.B. 1998 Aluminum dose required to inactivate phosphate in lake sediments Water Res. 32(10): 2969–2976.

  • Senze M. Kowalska-Góralska M. 2014 Bioaccumulation of aluminium in hydromacrophytes in Polish coastal lakes Limnol. Rev. 14(3): 145–152.

  • Sobczyński T. Joniak T. 2009 Differences in composition and proportion of phosphorus fractions in bottom sediments of Lake Góreckie (Wielkopolska National Park) Environ. Prot. Eng. 35(2): 89–95.

  • Sobczyński T. Joniak T. 2013 The variability and stability of water chemistry in deep temperate lake: Results of long-therm study of eutrophication Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 22(1): 227–237.

  • Sobczyński T. Joniak T. Pronin E. 2012 Assessment of the multi-directional experiment of restoration of Lake Góreckie (western Poland) with particular focus to oxygen and light conditions: first results Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 21(4): 1025–1031.

  • Stoate C. Baldi A. Beja P. Boatman N.D. Herzon L. van Doorn A. de Snoo G.R. Rakosy L. Ramwell C. 2009 Ecological impacts of early 21st century agricultural change in Europe – A review J. Environ. Manage. 91(1): 22–46.

  • Urbaniak J. Gąbka M. 2014 Polish Charophytes: An illustrated guide to identification Wydaw. UP we Wrocławiu Wrocław 120 pp.

  • van Donk E. van de Bund W.J. 2002 Impact of submerged macrophytes including charophytes on phyto- and zooplankton communities: allelopathy versus other mechanisms Aquat. Bot. 72(3–4): 261–274.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 629 128 9
PDF Downloads 131 91 5