Zooplankton communities in three adjacent softwater lobelia lakes of slightly differentiated morphology and trophic state

Open access


The paper presents the results of an investigation of physical-chemical features of water as well as rotifer and crustacean abundance and diversity measures, relating to the taxonomic richness and species diversity index, in three lobelia lakes differing in trophic status and morphometric features. The main purpose of this study was to establish the diversity of zooplankton communities in the open water area of lobelia lakes, including extracting species common for each lake and also to find environmental predictors which are responsible for the development of zooplankton communities. Despite the fact that the three studied lakes are of the same origin, located in the same vicinity and have generally similar environmental factors, zooplankton community structure revealed a great variation in reference to species diversity (only ca. 20% of the species were common for all lakes) and particularly in inhabiting species. Obrowo Lake had the most diverse assemblages of both rotifers and crustaceans compared to Modre and Pomysko lakes. In the taxonomic structure species that are rare for the Polish fauna, such as e.g. Holopedium gibberum and Heterocope appendiculata, occurred. Even though the examined lobelia lakes are ecosystems that undergo varying human-induced impacts, they still remain taxonomically very variable aquatic ecosystems, containing rare species of very high ecological status. The observed symptoms of deterioration of water quality, reflected in the zooplankton biocoenotic features, showed that the best conditions were attributed to Obrowo Lake in comparison with the two remaining lakes – Modre and Pomysko. Total nitrogen and chlorophyll a concentration were decisive for the distribution of zooplankton species in Pomysko and Obrowo lakes, while in case of Modre lake water reactivity and conductivity were of higher impact.

[APHA] American Public Health Association, 1992, Standard methods for water and wastewaters analyzing, Am. Publ. Health Assoc., New York.

Bielańska-Grajner I., Sowa A., Pasamonik A., Pielok K., Kolek L., 2017, Nowe stanowisko rzadkiego gatunku wrotka Filinia opoliensis w południowej Polsce (A new record of the rare rotifer species Filinia opoliensis in Southern Poland), Chrońmy Przyr. Ojcz. 73(2): 151–154 (in Polish, English summary).

Błędzki L., Rybak J.I., 2016, Freshwater Crustacean Zooplankton of Europe: Cladocera & Copepoda (Calanoida, Cyclopoida) Key to species identification, with notes on ecology, distribution, methods and introduction to data analysis, Springer, 918 pp.

Bociąg K., Rekowska E., Banaś K., 2011, The disappearance of stonewort populations in lobelia lakes of the Kashubian Lakeland (NW Poland), Ocean. Hydrobiol. Stud. 40(2): 30–36.

Czeczuga B., Kozłowska M., 2002, Fertility of Eudiaptomus, Bosmina and Daphnia (Crustacea) representatives in lakes of varied trophic states in the Suwałki district, Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 11(1): 23–31.

Ejsmont-Karabin J., Karabin A., 2013, The suitability of zooplankton as lake ecosystem indicators: crustacean trophic state index, Pol. J. Ecol. 61(3): 561–573.

Flössner D., 1972, Krebstiere, Crustacea: Kiemen- und Blattfusser, Branchiopoda, Fischläuse, Branchiura. Tierwelt Deutschl. 60, VEB Gustav Fisher Verlag, Jena, 499 pp (in German).

Helenius L.K., Padrós A.A., Leskinen E., Lehtonen H., Nurminen L., 2015, Strategies of zooplanktivory shape the dynamics and diversity of littoral plankton communities: a mesocosm approach, Ecol. Evol. 5(10): 2021–2035.

Koff T., Vandel E., Marzecová A., Avi E., Mikomägi A., 2016, Assessment of the effect of anthropogenic pollution on the ecology of small shallow lakes using the palaeolimnological approach, Est. J. Earth. Sci. 65(4): 221–233.

Klimaszyk P., Kraska M., Piotrowicz R., 2016, Polish lobelian lakes evolution and protection, Proc. of the International Conference “Lakes, Reservoirs and Ponds: Impacts – Threats – Conservation”, Iława Poland, 31 May–3 June, Wydaw. UMK, Toruń: 219–224.

Kraska M., Klimaszyk P., Piotrowicz R., 2013, Anthropogenic changes in properties of the water and spatial structure of the vegetation of the lobelia lake Lake Modre in the Bytów Lakeland, Oceanogr. Hydrobiol. Stud. 42(3): 302–313.

Kraska M., Piotrowicz R., 2000, Jeziora lobeliowe: specyfika, trofia, roslinność i problemy ochrony (Lobelia lakes: specifty, trophy, vegetation and problems of the preservation), [in:] Ochrona jezior i mokradeł Pomorza Środkowego (Preservation of lakes and bogs of the Central Pomerania) Tow. Ekologiczno-Kulturalne w Bobolicach, Bobolice Biul. 3: 5–27 (in Polish).

Kraska M., Piotrowicz R., Klimaszyk P., 1996, Jeziora lobeliowe w Polsce (Lobelia lakes in Poland), Chrońmy Przyr. Ojcz. 52(3): 5–25 (in Polish, English summary).

Kraska M., Piotrowicz R., Klimaszyk P., Kuczyńska-Kippen N., Szeląg-Wasielewska E., 2006, Biodiversity in three lobelian lakes in relation to the catchment area influence, Acta Agrophys. 7(2): 401–413.

Margalef R., 1957, Information theory in ecology, Gen. Syst. 3: 36–71.

Nyberg P., 1995, Liming strategies and effects: the Lake Västra Skälsjön case study, [in:] Henrikson L., Brodin Y.W. (eds) Liming of acidified surface waters, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg 327–338.

Podshivalina V.N., Sheveleva N.G., Bayanov N.G., 2012, Biology and Ecology of Holopedium gibberum (Branchiopoda: Cladocera: Ctenopoda) in the Palearctic, Hydrobiol. J. 48(6): 28–36.

Popadin K., 2002, Body size of Holopedium gibberum under the influence of fish predation in small subarctic lakes, Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 28: 1–6.

Radwan S., Bielańska-Grajner I., Ejsmont-Karabin J., 2004, Rotifers Rotifera. Freshwater fauna of Poland. Vol. 32, Oficyna Wydaw. Tercja, Łódź, 447 pp.

Ruoppa M, Heinonen P., Pilke A., Rekolainen S., Toivonen H., Vuoristo H. (eds.), 2003, How to assess and monitor ecological quality in freshwaters, Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen, 214 pp.

Špoljar M., Tomljanović T., Lalić I., 2011, Eutrophication impact on zooplankton community: A shallow lake approach, Holist. Approach Environ. 1(4): 131–142.

Stenson J.A.E., 1973, On predation and Holopedium gibberum (Zaddach) distribution, Limnol. Oceanogr. 18(6): 1005–1010.

Szeroczyńska K., Zawisza E., 2011, Subfossil faunal and floral remains (Cladocera, Pediastrum) in two northern Lobelia lakes in Finland, Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst. 402: 09.

Szmeja J., 1996, Evolution and conservation of lobelia lakes in Poland, Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 42(1): 89–94.

Tasevska O., Špoljar M., Gušeska D., Kostoski G., Patcheva S., Veljanoska Sarafiloskav E., 2017, Zooplankton in ancient and oligotrophic Lake Ohrid (Europe) in association with environmental variables, Croat. J. Fish. 75: 95–103.

Limnological Review

The Journal of Polish Limnological Society

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 209 186 13
PDF Downloads 120 114 6