Contribution of non-pollen palynomorphs to reconstructions of land-use changes and lake eutrophication: case study from Lake Jaczno, northeastern Poland

Open access

Abstract

Analysis of non-pollen palynomorphs supplemented by pollen analysis, microcharcoal analysis and geochemical data from laminated sediments from Lake Jaczno were used to establish different phases of land-use in the catchment between c.a. AD 1840 and AD 2013. The results show that during the first eighty years the vicinity of the lake was heavily deforested. During this period erosional inputs caused accumulation of abundant fungal spores, indicators of pastures and natural fertilizers (manure) as well as of corroded pollen grains and charcoal. Gradual regeneration of forest cover took place after World War II, when expansion of pioneer trees occurred (Betula, Salix, Carpinus, Populus). At the same time, a considerable increase in the lake trophy was observed, leading to the changes in phytoplankton and macrophyte communities: a decrease in the proportion of Botryococcus and an increase in the Nymphaea alba population. The non-pollen palynomorphs analyses indicate the substantial human impact that caused changing local environmental conditions, compatible with the results based on pollen analysis and geochemical data.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Amann B. Lobsiger S. Fischer D. Tylmann W. Bonk A. Filipiak J. Grosjean M. 2014 Spring temperature variability and eutrophication history inferred from sedimentary pigments in the varved sediments of Lake Żabińskie north-eastern Poland AD 1907–2008 Glob. Planet. Change 123: 86–96.

  • Anderson R.S. Homola R.L. Davis R.B. Jacobson Jr G.L. 1984 Fossil remains of the mycorrhizal fungal Glomus fasciculatum complex in postglacial lake sediments from Maine Can. J. Bot. 62(11): 2325–2328.

  • Baker A.G. Bhagwat S.A. Willis K.J. 2013 Do dung fungal spores make a good proxy for past distribution of large herbivores? Quat. Sci. Rev. 62: 21–31.

  • Bartkowiak-Broda I. 2002 Wzajemny zwiazek postepu w agrotechnice i hodowli rzepaku ozimego (Mutual progress in agricultural practices and winter rape farming) Oilseed Crops 23(1): 61–71 (in Polish).

  • Behre K.E. 1981 The interpretation of anthropogenic indicators in pollen diagrams Pollen et spores 23(2): 225–245.

  • Ber A. 1982 Marginal zones and deglaciation during the North Polish Glaciation in the Suwałki-Augustów Lakeland Biul. Inst. Geol. 343: 71–89.

  • Beug H. 2004 Leitfaden der Pollenbestimmung für Mitteleuropa und angrenzende Gebiete Verlag Friedrich Pfeil Munich 542 pp. (in German).

  • Birks H.J.B. 1970 Inwashed pollen spectra at Loch Fada Isle of Skye New Phytol. 69(3): 807–820.

  • Bos J.A. van Geel B. Groenewoudt B.J. Lauwerier R.C.M. 2006 Early Holocene environmental change the presence and disappearance of early Mesolithic habitation near Zutphen (The Netherlands) Veget. Hist. Archaeobot. 15(1): 27–43.

  • Brown A.G. Carpenter R.G. Walling D.E. 2007 Monitoring fluvial pollen transport its relationship to catchment vegetation and implications for palaeoenvironmental studies Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 147(1): 60–76.

  • Butz C. Grosjean M. Poraj-Górska A. Enters D. Tylmann W. 2016 Sedimentary Bacteriopheophytin a as an indicator of meromixis in varved lake sediments of Lake Jaczno north-east Poland AD 1891–2010 Glob. Planet. Change 144: 109–118.

  • Davis O.K. Shafer D.S. 2006 Sporormiella fungal spores a palynological means of detecting herbivore density Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 237(1): 40–50.

  • Ellis M.B. Ellis J.P. 1988 Microfungi on miscellaneous substrates: an identification handbook Croom Helm London 244 pp.

  • Enters D. Lücke A. Zolitschka B. 2006. Effects of land-use change on deposition and composition of organic matter in Frickenhauser See northern Bavaria Germany Sci. Total Environ. 369: 178–187.

  • Enters D. Dorfler W. Zolitschka B. 2008 Historical soil erosion and land-use change during the last two millennia recorded in lake sediments of Frickenhauser See northern Bavaria central Germany Holocene 18: 243–254.

  • Enters D. Kirilova E. Lotter A.F. Lücke A. Parplies J. Jahns S. Kuhn G. Zolitschka B. 2009 Climate Change and Human Impact at Sacrower See (NE Germany) during the past 13000 years: a Geochemical Record J. Paleolimnol. 43(4): 719–737.

  • Ericsson S. Östlund L. Axelsson A.L. 2000 A forest of grazing and logging: Deforestation and reforestation history of a boreal landscape in central Sweden New For. 19(3): 227–240.

  • Faegri K. Iversen J. 1989 Textbook of pollen analysis Willey Chichester-Singapore 328 pp.

  • Górniak A. Szumieluk D. Zielinski P. Suchowolec T. Jekatierynczuk-Rudczyk E. 2007 jeziora Suwalskiego Parku Krajobrazowego – aktualna trofia i jakość wód (Lakes of the Suwałki Landscape Park – current trophy and water quality) Mat. Konf. „Parki krajobrazowe w krajowym systemie ochrony obszarowej” Szelment 28–29 września 2006 Turtul 31–36 (in Polish).

  • Hammer Ø. Harper D.A.T. Ryan P.D. 2001 PAST-PAlaeontological STatistics ver. 1.89 Palaeontol. Electron. 4(1): 1–9.

  • Havinga A.J. 1984 A 20-year experimental investigation into the differential corrosion susceptibility of pollen and spores in various soil types Pollen et spores 6: 621–635.

  • Hobæk A. Løvik J.E. Rohrlack T. Moe S.J. Grung M. Bennion H. Clarke G. Piliposyan G.T. 2012 Eutrophication recovery and temperature in Lake Mjøsa: detecting trends with monitoring data and sediment records Freshwat. Biol. 57(10): 1998–2014.

  • Innes J.B. Blackford J.J. 2003 The ecology of late Mesolithic woodland disturbances: model testing with fungal spore assemblage data J. Archaeol. Sci. 30(2): 185–194.

  • Innes J. Blackford J. Chambers F. 2006 Kretzschmaria deusta and the northwest European mid-Holocene Ulmus decline at Moel y Gerddi north Wales United Kingdom Palynology 30(1): 121–132.

  • Jankovská V. Komárek J. 2000 Indicative value of Pediastrum and other coccal green algae in palaeoecology Folia Geobot. 35(1): 59–82.

  • Juggins S. 2015 rioja: Analysis of Quaternary Science Data R package version 0.9–9.

  • Kienel U. Vos H. Dulski P. Lücke A. Moschen R. Nowaczyk N.R. Schwab M.J. 2013 Modification of climate signals by human activities recorded in varved sediments (AD 1608–1942) of Lake Holzmaar (Germany) J. Paleolimnol. 50: 561–575.

  • Kołaczek P. Zubek S. Błaszkowski J. Mleczko P. Margielewski W. 2013 Erosion or plant succession – how to interpret the presence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota) spores in pollen profiles collected from mires Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 189: 29–37.

  • Komárek J. Jankovská V. 2001 Review of the green algal genus Pediastrum Bibliotheca Phycologica 108 J. Cramer Berlin-Stuttgart 127 pp.

  • Latałowa M. Pędziszewska A. Maciejewska E. Święta-Musznicka J. 2013 Tilia forest dynamics Kretzschmaria deusta attack and mire hydrology as palaeoecological proxies for mid-Holocene climate reconstruction in the Kashubian Lake District (N Poland) Holocene 23(5): 667–677.

  • Leeben A. Freiberg R. Tonno I. Koiv T. Alliksaar T. Heinsalu A. 2013 A comparison of the palaeolimnology of Peipsi and Võrtsjärv: connected shallow lakes in north-eastern Europe for the twentieth century especially in relation to eutrophication progression and water-level fluctuations Hydrobiologia 710(1): 227–240.

  • López-Merino L. Sánchez N.S. Kaal J. López-Sáez J.A. Cortizas A.M. 2012 Post-disturbance vegetation dynamics during the Late Pleistocene and the Holocene: an example from NW Iberia Glob. Planet. Change 92: 58–70.

  • Meyers P.A. 2003. Applications of organic geochemistry to paleolimnological reconstructions: A summary of examples from the Laurentian Great Lakes Org. Geochem. 34: 261–289.

  • Miola A. 2012 Tools for Non-Pollen Palynomorphs (NPPs) analysis: A list of Quaternary NPP types and reference literature in English language (1972–2011) Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 186: 142–161.

  • Moore P.D. Webb J.A. Collinson M.E. 1991 Pollen Analysis Blackwell Oxford 216 pp.

  • Müller P.J. Schneider R. 1993 An automated leaching method for the determination of opal in sediments and particulate matter Deep-Sea Res. Part 1 40(3): 425–444.

  • Poraj-Górska A.I. Żarczyński M.J. Ahrens A. Enters D. Weisbrodt D. Tylmann W. (submitted) Impact of historical land–use changes on lacustrine sedimentation recorded in varved sediments of Lake Jaczno northeastern Poland Catena.

  • Rasmussen P. Anderson N.J. 2005 Natural and anthropogenic forcing of aquatic macrophyte development in a shallow Danish lake during the last 7000 years J. Biogeogr. 32(11): 1993–2005.

  • Revelles J. van Geel B. 2016 Human impact and ecological changes in lakeshore environments. The contribution of non-pollen palynomorphs in Lake Banyoles (NE Iberia) Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 232: 81–97.

  • Stockmarr J. 1971 Tablets with spores used in absolute pollen analysis Pollen et spores 13(4): 615–621.

  • Szal M. Kupryjanowicz M. Tylmann W. Piotrowska N. 2016 Was it ‘terra desolata’? Conquering and colonizing the medieval Prussian wilderness in the context of climate change Holocene DOI: 10.1177/0959683616660167

  • Tipping R. 1995 Holocene landscape change at Carn Dubh near Pitlochry Perthshire Scotland J. Quat. Sci. 10(1): 59–75.

  • Tolonen M. 1980 Degradation analysis of pollen in sediments of Lake Lamminjärvi S Finland Ann. Bot. Fennici 17(1): 11–14.

  • Tweddle J.C. Edwards K.J. 2010 Pollen preservation zones as an interpretative tool in Holocene palynology Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 161(1): 59–76.

  • Tylmann W. Bonk A. Goslar T. Wulf S. Grosjean M. 2016 Calibrating 210Pb dating results with varve chronology and independent chronostratigraphic markers: problems and implications Quat. Geochronol. 32: 1–10.

  • Tylmann W. Zolitschka B. Enters D. Ohlendorf C. 2013 Laminated lake sediments in northeast Poland: Distribution preconditions for formation and potential for paleoenvironmental investigation J. Paleolimnol. 50: 487–503.

  • Wacnik A. Tylmann W. Bonk A. Goslar T. Enters D. Meyer-Jacob C. Grosjean M. 2016 Determining the responses of vegetation to natural processes and human impacts in north-eastern Poland during the last millennium: combined pollen geochemical and historical data Veg. Hist. Archaeobot. 25(5): 479–498.

  • van Geel B. 2001 Non-pollen palynomorphs [in:] Smol J.P. Birks H.J.B. Last W.M. (eds) Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. Volume 3: Terrestrial Algal and Siliceous Indicators Kluwer Academic Publishers Dordrecht: 99–119.

  • van Geel B. Andersen S.T. 1988 Fossil ascopores of the parasitic fungus Ustulina deusta in Eemian deposits in Denmark Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 56(1–2): 89–93.

  • van Geel B. Aptroot A. 2006 Fossil ascomycetes in Quaternary deposits Nova Hedwigia 82(3–4): 313–329.

  • van Geel B. Buurman J. Brinkkemper O. Schelvis J. Aptroot A. van Reenen G. Hakbijl T. 2003 Environmental reconstruction of a Roman Period settlement site in Uitgeest (The Netherlands) with special reference to coprophilous fungi J. Archaeol. Sci. 30(7): 873–883.

  • van Geel B. Coope G.R. Van Der Hammen T. 1989 Palaeoecology and stratigraphy of the Lateglacial type section at Usselo (The Netherlands) Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 60(1): 25–129.

  • van Geel B. Engels S. Martin-Puertas C. Brauer A. 2013 Ascospores of the parasitic fungus Kretzschmaria deusta as rainstorm indicators during a late Holocene beech-forest phase around lake Meerfelder Maar Germany J. Paleolimnol. 50(1): 33–40.

  • van Geel B. Gelorini V. Lyaruu A. Aptroot A. Rucina S. Marchant R. Sinninghe Damsté J.S. Verschuren D. 2011 Diversity and ecology of tropical African fungal spores from a 25000-year palaeoenvironmental record in southeastern Kenya Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 164(3): 174–190.

  • Waters C.N. Zalasiewicz J. Summerhayes C. Barnosky A.D. Poirier C. Gałuszka A. Cearreta A. Edgeworth M. Ellis E.C. Ellis M. Jeandel C. Leinfelder R. McNeill J.R. Richter D. deB. Steffen W. Syvitski J. Vidas D. Wagreich M. Williams M. Zhisheng A. Grinevald J. Odada E. Oreskes N. Wolfe A.P. 2016 The Anthropocene is functionally and stratigraphically distinct from the Holocene Science 351(6269): aad2622.

  • Smoll J.P. 2008 Pollution of lakes and rivers: a paleoenvironmental perspective Wiley-Blackwell Oxford 383 pp.

  • Wilmshurst J.M. McGlone M.S. 2005 Corroded pollen and spores as indicators of changing lake sediment sources and catchment disturbance J. Paleolimnol. 34: 503–517.

  • Zarzycki K. 1979 Zarys ekologii (Outline of ecology) [in:] Białobok S. (ed.) Brzozy Betula L. (Birches Betula L.) PWN Warszawa–Poznań: 265–291 (in Polish).

  • Zolitschka B. Francus P. Ojala A.E. Schimmelmann A. 2015 Varves in lake sediments–a review Quat. Sci. Rev. 117: 1–41.

Search
Journal information
Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 358 208 2
PDF Downloads 167 116 1