Phases and interruptions in postglacial development of humic lake margin (Lake Suchar Wielki, NE Poland)

Open access

Abstract

Our study concerns the development of marginal zone of Lake Suchar Wielki (Wigry National Park). This humic lake is characterised by mire occurrence in its marginal zone, covered with a floating mat spreading on water surface. Biogenic sediments (peat archive) present in lakeside allow recognising the thousands years’ development pattern of lake surrounded by mire. The wetland records were analysed for plant macroremains, degree of peat decomposition, sediment geochemical features along with age assessment. Morphological characteristics of the catchment were integrated with the wetland records. Our research showed that after the lake origin in the Allerod, accumulation in its marginal zone was interrupted, which was probably connected with high precipitation in the past. Slope processes could be possible. Stabilisation of environmental conditions took place in the younger Holocene. Despite these perturbations marginal zone of the lake was permanently terrestrial in character, as indicated by values of atomic C:N ratio.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bloesch J. 2004 Sedimentation and lake sediment formation [in:] O’Sullivan P.E. Reynolds C.S. (eds) The Lakes Handbook. Limnology and limnetic ecology Blackwell Publishing Oxford: 197-229.

  • Błaszkiewicz M. 2007 Geneza i ewolucja mis jeziornych na mlodoglacjalnym obszarze Polski - wybrane problemy (Genesis and evolution of lake basins in the young-glacial territory of Poland - selected aspects) Stud. Lim. Tel. 1: 5-16 (in Polish).

  • Bremner J.M. Mulvaney C.S. 1982 Nitrogen-total [in:] Page A.L. (ed) Agronomy No. 9 Methods of Soil Analysis American Society of Agronomy Madison: 595-624.

  • Bronk Ramsey C. 2013 OxCal. Version 4.2.3 Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit Research Laboratory for Archaeology Oxford. Retrived from: http://c14.arch.ox.ac. uk

  • Charman D.J. 2002 Peatland and environmental change Wiley Chichester p. 301.

  • Damman A.W.H. 1988 Regulation of nitrogen removal and retention in Sphagnum bogs and other peatlands Oikos 4: 291-305.

  • De Haan H. 1992 Impacts of environmental changes on the biogeochemistry of aquatic humic substances Hydrobiologia 229: 59-71.

  • Dearing J.A. 1997 Sedimentary indicators of lake-level changes in the humid temperate zone: a critical review J. Paleolimnol. 18: 1-14.

  • Digerfeldt G. Sandgren P. Olsson S. 2007 Reconstruction of Holocene lake-level changes in Lake Xinias central Greece Holocene 17: 361-367.

  • Drzymulska D. Zieliński P. 2013 Developmental changes in the historical and present-day trophic status of brown water lakes. Are humic water bodies a uniform aquatic ecosystem? Wetlands 33: 909-919.

  • Drzymulska D. Kłosowski S. Pawlikowski P. Zieliński P. Jabłońska E. 2013 The historical development of vegetation of foreshore mires beside humic lakes; different successional pathways under various environmental conditions Hydrobiologia 703: 15-31.

  • Drzymulska D. Fiłoc M. Kupryjanowicz M. 2014 Reconstruction of landscape paleohydrology using the sediment archives of three dystrophic lakes in northeastern Poland J. Paleolimnol. 51: 45-62.

  • Górniak A. Krzysztofiak L. 2006 Charakterystyka limnologiczna parku (Limnological charcateristic of the park) [in:] Górniak A. (ed) Jeziora Wigierskiego Parku Narodowego (Lakes of the Wigry National Park) Wyd. Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku Białystok: 25-34 (in Polish).

  • Górniak A. Zieliński P. 2000 Influence of catchment characteristics and hydrology on dissolved organic carbon in rivers in north-eastern Poland Verh. Internat. Verein Limnol. 27: 1142-1145.

  • Hessen D.O. 1992 Dissolved organic carbon in a humic lake: Effects on bacterial production and respiration Hydrobiologia 229: 115-123.

  • Howard P.J.A. Howard D.M. 1990 Use of organic carbon and loss-on-ignition to estimate soil organic matter in different soil types and horizons Biol. Fertil. Soils 9: 306-310.

  • Ji S. Xingqi L. Sumin W. 2005 Matsumoto R. Palaeoclimatic changes in the Qinghai Lake area during the last 18000 years Quat. Int. 136: 131-140.

  • Kloss M. 2005 Identification of subfossil plant communities and palaeohydrological changes in raised mire development Monogr. Bot. 94: 81-116.

  • Kloss M. 2007 Roślinność subfosylna na tle historii wysokich torfowisk mszarnych w północno-wschodniej i środkowej Polsce oraz w Sudetach (Subfossil vegetation in the light of history of sphagnum raised mires in the north-eastern and central Poland as well as in the Sudety Mountains) Instytut Badawczy Leśnictwa Sękocin Stary p. 141 (in Polish English summary).

  • Kondracki J. 1994 Geografia Polski. Mezoregiony fizycznogeograficzne PWN Warszawa p. 340 (in Polish).

  • Kowalewski G. Barabach J. 2010 Struktura osadów zbiornika jeziorno-torfowiskowego Dury V (Bory Tucholskie) (Sedimentary record in lake-mire basin Dury V (Tuchola Pinewood Forest)) Stud. Lim. Tel. 4: 65-74 (in Polish).

  • Krishnamurthy R.V. Bhattacharya S.K. Kusumgar S. 1986 Palaeoclimatic changes deduced from 13C/12C and C/N ratios of Karewa lake sediments India Nature 323: 150-152.

  • Kullberg A. Bishop K.H. Hargeby A. Jonson M. Petersen R.C. 1993 The ecological significance at dissolved organic carbon in acidified water Ambio 22: 331-337.

  • Kupryjanowicz M. 2007 Postglacial development of vegetation in the vicinity of the Wigry Lake Geochronometria 27: 53-66.

  • Marks L. 2002 Last Glaciation maximum in Poland Quat. Sci. Rev. 21:103-110.

  • Meyers P.A. 1994 Preservation of elemental and isotopic source identification of sedimentary organic matter Chem. Geol. 114: 289-302.

  • Obidowicz A. 1990 Eine Pollenanalytische und Moorkundliche Studie zur Vegetationsgeschichte des Podhale- Gebietes (West-Karpaten) (Palinological and peat- science research of vegetation history of the Podhale region (Western Carpathians)) Acta Palaeobot. 1(2): 147-219 (in German).

  • Pawlikowski P. Rutkowska E. Kłosowski S. Jabłońska E. Drzymulska D. 2013 Development of bog-like vegetation during terrestrialization of polyhumic lakes in north-eastern Poland is not accompanied by ecosystem ombrotrophication Hydrobiologia DOI: 10.1007/ s10750-013-1783-3.

  • Ralska-Jasiewiczowa M. Starkel L. 1988 Record of the hydrological changes during the Holocene in the lake mire and fluvial deposits of Poland Folia Quat. 57: 91-126.

  • Ralska-Jasiewiczowa M. Latałowa M. Wasylikowa K. Tobolski K. Madeyska E. Wright Jr H.E. Turner C.H. 2004 Late Glacial and Holocene history of vegetation in Poland based on isopollen maps W. Szafer Institute of Botany Polish Academy of Sciences Kraków p. 395.

  • Rydin H. Jeglum J. 2008 The biology of peatlands Oxford University Press Oxford p. 343.

  • Tołpa S. Jasnowski M. Pałczyński A. 1967 System der genetischen Klassifizierung der Torfe Mitteleuropas (System of genetic classification of peats from Middle Europe) Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol. 79: 9-99 (in German).

  • Walanus A. Nalepka D. 1999 Polpal Program for counting pollen grains diagrams plotting and numerical analysis Acta Palaeobot. 2: 659-661.

  • Żurek S. Bińka K. Drzymulska D. 2009 Torfowisko Sucharu Dembowskich (Suchar Dembowskich mire) Pr. Kom. Paleogeogr. Czwartorzędu PAU 7: 99-106 (in Polish).

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 204 120 1
PDF Downloads 87 57 1