Specifying the relationship between key stages of pike (Esox lucius L.) embryogenesis and coagulants used in lake recultivation

Open access


The study focused on the effect of iron and aluminium coagulants (PIX®113, PAX®18) commonly used for purification of open waters on key stages of embryonic development of pike (Esox lucius L.). Fertilized pike roe was incubated in lake water and in water with the admixture of coagulants, applied in the concentration of 50.0 mg dm-3 at selected stages of embryogenesis: blastopore closure, inoculation, and the hatching of larvae. In the course of the experiment, live embryos were observed and total lengths of the larvae were measured. Simultaneously, selected hydrochemical indicators were gauged. It was discovered that coagulants had the strongest effect at the first stage of embryogenesis (the end of the process of gastrulation). At that stage the survival rate of embryos was the lowest (73.5- 75.0%) and the percentage of deformities in the hatched larvae was the highest (9.7-10.0%).

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [APHA] American Public Health Association 1995 Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater APHA-AWWA-WEF Washington p. 1200.

  • Bonisławska M. Formicki K. Smaruj I. Szulc J. 2011 Total suspended solids in surface waters versus embryonic development of pike (Esox lucius L.) EJPAU 14(1): #07 http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume14/issue1/art-07.html

  • Bonisławska M. Tański A. Nędzarek A. Torz A. 2012. Effect of the coagulants PAX and PIX on the embryonic development of pike (Esox lucius L.) Limnol. Rev. 12(3): 125-132.

  • DiMichele L. Taylor M.H. 1981 The mechanism of hatching in Fundulus heteroclitus: development and physiology J. Exp. Zool. 217: 73-79.

  • Gawrońska H. Lossow K. Grochowska J. 2002 Influence of the aluminium coagulant PAX on the aquatic environment of Lake Długie in Olsztyn Limnol. Rev. 2: 121-130.

  • Gawrońska H. Brzozowska R. 2002 Influence of the PAX coagulant application on internal loading in Lake Długie Limnol. Rev. 2: 111-119.

  • Gawrońska H. Brzozowska R. Grochowska J Lossow K. 2001 Effectiveness of PAX and PIX coagulants in phosphorus reduction in a lake - laboratory experiments Limnol. Rev. 1: 73-82.

  • Ito A. Umita T. Lizawa J. Takachi T. Morinaga K. 2000 Removal of heavy metals from anaerobically digested sewage sludge by a new chemical method using ferric sulphate Water Res. 34(3): 751-758.

  • Konieczny K. Bodzek M. Kopeć A. Szczepanek A. 2007 Coagulation - submerged membrane system for NOM removal from water Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 14(4): 563-569.

  • Lelkova E. Rulik M. Hekera P. Dobiaš P. Dolejš P. Borovičkova M. Pouličkova A. 2008 The influence of the coagulant PAX-18 on Planktothrix agardhii bloom in a shallow eutrophic fishpond Fottea 8(2): 147-154.

  • Łopata M. Gawrońska H. Brzozowska R. 2007 Comparison of effectiveness of aluminium and lantan coagulants in phosphorus inactivation Limnol. Rev. 7(4): 247-253.

  • Meybeck M. 1982 Carbon nitrogen and phosphorus transport by world rivers Am. J. Sci. 282: 401-450.

  • Nędzarek A. Torz A. Kubiak J. Machula S. 2011 Habitat conditions for the ichthyofauna in anthropogenic Szmaragdowe Lake (Szczecin Poland) in 2009-2010 [in:] ����Jankun M. Furgała-Selezniow G. Woźniak M. Wiśniewska A.M. (eds)Fish management in a variable water environment Agencja Wyd. “Argi” SC R. Błaszak P. Pacholec J. Prorok Olsztyn: 193-200.

  • Ostaszewska T. 1998 Development of unicellular hatching glands in carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) Ann Warsaw Agricult. Univ. SGGW-AR Anim. Sci. 34:19-28.

  • Piasecki W.G. Zacharzewski D. 2010 Influence of coagulants used for lake restoration on Daphnia magna Straus (Crustacea Cladocera) Baltic Coastal Zone 14: 49-56.

  • Pizarro J. Belzile N. Filella M. Leppard G.G. Negre J-C. Perret D. Buffle J. 1995 Coagulation/sedimentation of submicron particles in a eutrophic lake Water Res. 29(2): 617-632.

  • Podsiadłowski S. 2008 Methods of precise phosphorus inactivation in lake waters Limnol. Rev. 8(1-2): 51-56.

  • Wilkońska H. 1998 Okres krytyczny w rozwoju (A critical period in the development) [in:] Szczerbowski J.A. (ed.) Encyklopedia rybacko-wędkarska (Fishery-Angling Encyclopaedia) Wyd. IRS Olsztyn Olsztyn: 226 (in Polish).

  • Tandyrak R. 2002 Influence of lake restoration by the phosphorus inactivation method on the content of organic matter and phosphorus in lake bottom sediments Limnol. Rev. 2: 399-406.

  • Tandyrak R. Lossow K. Gawrońska H. 2001 Long-term changes of environmental conditions in a lake restored by phosphorus inactivation Limnol. Rev. 1: 263-270.

  • Tański A. Korzelecka A. Bonisławska M. Winnicki A. Formicki K. 2000 New data on morphomechanical changes during embryogenesis of pike (Esox lucius L) Folia Univ. Agric. Stetin. 214 Piscaria 27: 207-214.

  • Tański A. Brysiewicz A. Torz A. Wesołowski P. 2012 Struktura połowow w jeziorze Przybiernowskim (woj. zachodniopomorskie) na tle panujących warunkow hydrochemicznych (The structure of fish catches in Lake Przybiernowskie (West Pomeranian Voivodeship) in relation to hydrochemical conditions) Woda-Środowisko- Obszary Wiejskie 12(1): 193-208 (in Polish).

  • Törz A. Kubiak J. 2003 Hydrochemical conditions in lakes of river Grzybnica catchment (Lakes: Ostrowo Piaski Przybiernowskie) in 1980-1997 Acta Sci. Pol. Piscaria 2(2): 117-128.

  • Torz A. Kubiak J. Chojnacki J. 2003 Assessment of Lake Miedwie water quality in 1998-2001 Acta Sci. Pol. Piscaria 2(1): 279-290.

  • Wetzel R.G. 2001 Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems Elsevier San Diego California p. 1006.

  • Wesołowski P. Pawlos D. Bonisławska M. 2010 Wybrane parametry jakości wod jeziora Resko Gorne w warunkach ich napowietrzania (Selected parameters of water quality in aerated lake Resko Gorne) WodaŚrodowisko- Obszary Wiejskie 10(4): 281-293 (in Polish).

  • Yamagami K. 1973 Some enzymological properties of a hatching enzyme (chorionase) isolated from the freshwater teleost Oryzias latipes Comp. Bio-chem. Physiol. B 46(3) 603-616.

  • Zdanowski B. 1982 Variability of nitrogen and phosphorus contents and lake eutrophication Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 29(3-4): 541-597.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 118 48 2
PDF Downloads 43 23 0