Overgrowing of two polymictic lakes in Central-Western Poland

Open access

Overgrowing of two polymictic lakes in Central-Western Poland

This study examined the overgrowth in two eutrophic lakes during the period 1961-2008. In addition, for comparative studies, analyses of plant community structures in these lakes were performed to assess the effects of human pressure, such as water level reduction and increase of nutrient availability on changes in the range of the littoral zone surface. To achieve these aims aerial photos, ortophotmaps, GPS measurements were used to evaluate changes in plant cover in two lakes: Niepruszewskie and Tomickie. Considerable differences between the studied lakes located in an agricultural catchment were observed. Lake Niepruszewskie was characterised by a threefold higher rate of overgrowing, measured per hectare, in comparison with Lake Tomickie. Moreover, in comparison with lake areas, rates of overgrowing were substantialy higher in Lake Tomickie than Lake Niepruszewskie, which is almost seven times bigger. The littoral zones of both lakes are dominated by emergent vegetation. Compared to the data from 1961, the zone of Lake Niepruszewskie increased almost threefold. The biggest changes in overgrowing were observed after reduction of water level (>2002) which was 1.30 ha yr-1. During almost 50 years, emergent vegetation in Lake Tomickie increased more than fivefold. The most intensive growth was observed in years from 1961 to 1986, which amounted to 0.73 ha yr-1. Probably, water level reductions in Lake Niepruszewskie and high eutrophication in Lake Tomickie were recognised as major factors causing intensive overgrowing in the studied lakes.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Andersson B. 2001 Macrophyte development and habitat characteristics in Sweden's large lakes Ambio 30: 503-513.

  • Choiński A. 2006 Katalog jezior polskich (Catologue of Polish lakes) Wyd. UAM Poznań p. 599 (in Polish).

  • Choiński A. Ptak M. 2009 Lake infill as the main factor leading to lake's disappearance Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 18(3): 347-352.

  • Churski Z. 1983 Eutrophication and the disappearance of lakes in the Brodnica Lake District Northern Poland as a result of human interference Hydrobiologia 103: 165-168.

  • Crisman T. L. Mitraki Ch. Zalidis G. 2005 Integrating vertical and horizontal approaches for management of shallow lakes and wetlands Ecol. Eng. 24: 379-389.

  • Einsele G. Hinderer M. 1997 Terrestrial sediment yield and the lifetimes of reservoirs lakes and larger basins Geol. Rundsch. 86: 288-310.

  • Engloner A. I. 2004 Annual growth dynamics and morphological differences of reed (Phragmites australis [Cav.] Trin. Ex Steudel) in relation to water supply Flora 199: 256-262.

  • Havens K. E. Fukushima T. Xie P. Iwakuma J. T. R. Takamura N. Hanazato T. Yamamoto T. 2001 Nutrient dynamics and the eutrophication of shallow lakes Kasumigaura (Japan) Donghu (PR China) and Okeechobee (USA) Environ. Pollut. 111: 263-272.

  • Hellsten S. Keto A. Suoraniemi M. Partanen S. 2006 Long term changes in the aquatic vegetation of Lake Päijänne Southern Finland Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol. 29: 1167-1173.

  • [IIF] Institute of Inland Fisheries 1961a Bathymetric map of Lake Niepruszewskie IRŚ Olsztyn.

  • [IIF] Institute of Inland Fisheries 1961b Bathymetric map of Lake Tomickie IRŚ Olsztyn.

  • Keddy P. A. Reznicek A. A. 1986 Great Lakes vegetation dynamics: the role of fluctuating water levels and buried seeds J. Great Lakes Res. 12(1): 25-36.

  • Lang G. 1973 Die Makrophytenvegetation in der Uferzone des Bodensees Ber. Int. Gewässerschutzkomm. Bodensee 12 p. 67.

  • Lang G. 1981 Die submersen Makrophyten des Bodensees-1978 im Vergleich mit 1967 Ber. Int. Gewässerschutzkomm. Bodensee 26 p. 64.

  • Lawniczak A. E. 2006 Zróżnicowanie składu florystycznego zbiorowisk strefy litoralnej Jeziora Niepruszewskiego (Floristic diversity of the littoral zone communities in Lake Niepruszewskie) Pr. Komis. Nauk Roln. Leś. PTPN 100: 113-121 (in Polish English summary).

  • Lawniczak A. E. Zbierska J. Choiński A. 2009 Ocena stanu ekologicznego jezior w odniesieniu do Ramowej Dyrektywy Wodnej (Ecological status assessment of lakes from the point of view of Water Framework Directive) Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol. 540: 55-67 (in Polish English summary).

  • Lawniczak A. E. Zbierska J. Choinski A. Szczepaniak W. 2010 Response of emergent macrophytes to hydrological changes in a shallow lake with special reference to nutrient cycling Hydrobiologia 656: 243-254.

  • Lawniczak A. E. Choiński A. Kurzyca I. 2011 Dynamics of lake morphometry and bathymetry in various hydrological conditions Pol. J. Environ. Stud. [in press].

  • Mäemets H. Freiberg L. 2004 Characteristics of reeds on Lake Peipsi and the floristic consequences of their expansion Limnologica 34: 83-89.

  • Matuszkiewicz W. 2005 Przewodnik do oznaczania zbiorowisk roślinnych Polski (Guidebook to determination of plant communities in Poland) Wyd. Nauk. PAN Warszawa p. 537 (in Polish).

  • Mitraki C. Crisman T. L. Zalidis G. 2004 Lake Koronia: shift from autotrophy to heterotrophy with cultural eutrophication and progressive water-level reduction Limnologica 34: 110-116.

  • Moiseenko T. I. Sharovb A. N. Vandishc O. I. Kudryavtsevac L. P. Gashkinaa N. A. Rose C. 2009 Long-term modification of Arctic lake ecosystems: Reference condition degradation under toxic impact sand recovery (case study Imandra Lakes Russia) Limnologica 39: 1-13.

  • Munyaneza O. Wali U. G. Uhlenbrook S. Maskey S. Mlotha M. J. 2009 Water level monitoring using radar remote sensing data: Application to Lake Kivu central Africa Phys. Chem. Earth. 34: 722-728.

  • Ostendorp W. 1989 ‘Die-back’ of reeds in Europe-a critical review of literature Aquat. Bot. 35: 5-26.

  • Ostendorp W. 1992 Shoreline algal wash as a factor in reed decline in Lake Constance-Untersee Hydrobiologia 242: 165-174.

  • Papchenkov V. G. 2003 Patterns of overgrowing in different water bodies Russ. J. Ecol. 34(1): 15-19.

  • Partanen S. Luoto M. 2006 Environmental determinants of littoral paludification in boreal lakes Limnologica 36: 98-109.

  • Partanen S. Luoto M. Hellsten S. 2009 Habitat level determinants of emergent macrophyte occurrence extension and change in two large boreal lakes in Finland Aquat. Bot. 90: 261-268.

  • Podbielkowski Z. Tomaszewicz H. 1996 Zarys hydrobotaniki (An outline of hydrobotany) PWN Warszawa p. 531 (in Polish).

  • Rebelo L. M. Finlayson C. M. Nagabhatla N. 2009 Remote sensing and GIS for wetland inventory mapping and change analysis J. Env. Manag. 90: 2144-2153.

  • Ruggiero P. Kaminsky G. M. Gelfenbaum G. Voigt B. 2005 Seasonal to interannual morphodynamic variability along a high-energy dissipative littoral cell J. Coast. Res. 21: 553-578.

  • Rutkowski L. 1998 Klucz do oznaczania roślin naczyniowych Polski niżowej (Guidebook for determination of the vascular plants of the lowland Poland) PWN Warszawa p. 812 (in Polish).

  • Sallenger A. H. Krabill W. B. Swift R. N. Brock J. List J. Hansen M. Holman R. A. Manizade S. Sontag J. Meredith A. Morgan K. Yunkel J. K. Frederick E. B. Stockdon H. 2003 Evaluation of airborne topographic lidar for quantifying beach changes J. Coast. Res. 19: 125-133.

  • Schmieder K. Pier A. 2000 Lakeside reed border characteristics at Lake Constance (Untersee): A comparison between 1981-1983 and 1994 Wetl. Ecol. Manag. 8: 435-445.

  • Schröder R. 1979 The decline of reed swamps in Lake Constance Symp. Biol. Hung. 19: 43-48.

  • Schröder R. 1987 Das Schilfsterben am Bodensee-Untersee. Beobachtungen Untersuchungen und Gegenmassnahmen Archiv. Hydrobiol. 76: 53-99.

  • Spence D. H. N. 1982 The zonation of plants in freshwater lakes Adv. Ecol. Res. 12: 89-95.

  • Stark H. Dienst M. 1989 Dynamics of lakeside reed belts at Lake Constance (Untersee) from 1984 to 1987 Aquat. Bot. 35: 63-70.

  • Szafer W. Kulczyński S. Pawłowski B. 1988. Rośliny polskie. Cz. 2 (Plants of Poland. Part 2) PWN Warszawa p. 1019 (in Polish).

  • Tarras-Wahlberg H. Everard M. Harper D. M. 2002 Geochemical and physical characteristics of river and lake sediments at Naivasha Kenya Hydrobiologia 488: 27-41.

  • Van der Putten W. H. 1997 Die-Back of Phragmites australis in European wetlands: an overview of the European Research Programme on Reed Die-back and Progression (1993-1994) Aquat. Bot. 59: 263-275.

Journal information
Cited By
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 107 49 5
PDF Downloads 68 45 4