Methane and carbon dioxide emission from some reservoirs in SE Poland

Open access

Methane and carbon dioxide emission from some reservoirs in SE Poland

The results of emission measurements of carbon dioxide and methane from the surfaces of three man-made lakes in southeastern Poland (two little dam reservoirs - in Rzeszów and Wilcza Wola, and the biggest Polish reservoir situated in Solina) are presented in this paper. The experiments were conducted in summer and autumn of 2009. The gas fluxes on the water - atmosphere interface were measured in the littoral area by so called "static chamber" method. Carbon dioxide and methane concentrations in collected gas samples were measured using a Pye Unicam gas chromatograph (model PU-4410/19) equipped with a methanizer to detect low levels of CO2 concentrations. The fluxes of determined gases ranged from -24.98 to 162.51 mmol m-2 d-1 for carbon dioxide and from 0 to 235.60 mmol m-2 d-1 for methane. The highest values of flux for both CH4 and CO2 were observed for Rzeszów Reservoir, the lowest ones - for Solina Reservoir. In some studied cases emission of CO2 and CH4 was as much high as in tropical reservoirs.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Adams D. D. 2005 Diffuse flux of greenhouse gases - methane and carbon dioxide - at the sediment-water interface of some lakes and reservoirs of the world [in:] Tremblay A. Varfalvy L. Roehm C. Garneau M. (eds.) Greenhouse gas emissions - fluxes and processes. Hydroelectric reservoirs and natural environments Springer Berlin Heidelberg: 129-153.

  • Adams D. D. Baudo R. 2001 Gases (CH4 CO2 and N2) and pore water chemistry in the surface sediments of Lake Orta Italy: acidification effects on C and N gas cycling J. Limnol. 60(1): 79-90.

  • Bolpagni R. Pierobon E. Bartoli M. Nizzoli D. Tomaselli M. Viaroli P. 2007 Methane and carbon dioxide water-atmosphere daily exchanges in an oxbow lake with a Trapa natans stand Aquat. Bot. 87: 43-48.

  • Casper P. Maberly S. C. Hall G. H. Finlay B. J. 2000 Fluxes of methane and carbon dioxide from a small productive lake to the atmosphere Biogeochemistry 49: 1-19.

  • Dos Santos M. A. Rosa L. P. Sikar B. Sikar E. dos Santos E. O. 2006 Gross greenhouse gas fluxes from hydro-power reservoir compared to thermo-power plants Energ. Policy 34: 481-488.

  • Dunfield P. Knowles R. Dumont R. Moore T. R. 1993 Methane production and consumption in temperate and subarctic peat soils: response to temperature and pH Soil Biol. Biochem. 25: 321-326.

  • Galy-Lacacaux C. Delmas R. Jambert C. Dumestre J-F. Labroue L. Richard S. Gosse P. 1997 Gaseous emissions and oxygen consumption in hydroelectric dams: a case study in French Guyana Global Biogeochem. Cy. 11: 471-483.

  • Gruca-Rokosz R. Tomaszek J. A. Koszelnik P. Czerwieniec E. 2010 Methane and carbon dioxide fluxes at the sediment-water interface in some reservoirs in SE Poland Pol. J. Environ. Stud. (in press).

  • Haese R. R. Meile C. van Cappellen P. de Lange G. J. 2003 Carbon geochemistry of cold seeps: Methane fluxes and transformation in sediments from Kazan mud volcano eastern Mediterranean Sea Earth Planet. Sc. Lett. 212: 361-375.

  • Huttunen J. T Alm J. Liikanen A. Juutinen S. Larmola T. Hammar T. Silvola J. Martikainen P. J. 2003 Fluxes of methane carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide in boreal lakes and potential anthropogenic effects on the aquatic greenhouse gas emissions Chemosphere 52: 609-621.

  • Huttunen J. T. Väisänen T. S. Hellsten S. K. Mertikainen P. J. 2006 Methane fluxes at the sediment - water interface in some boreal lakes and reservoirs Boreal Env. Res. 11: 27-34.

  • Kelly C. A. et al. 1997 Increases in fluxes of greenhouse gases and methyl mercury following flooding of an experimental reservoir Environ. Sci. Technol. 31: 1334-1344.

  • Koszelnik P. Tomaszek J. Sokół Z. Kryczka R. 2004 Charakterystyka zbiornika zaporowego w Rzeszowiepo trzydziestu latach eksploatacji (Characteristics of the reservoir in Rzeszów City after thirty years of exploitation) Proceedings of V Conference: "Protection and reclamation of lakes" Grudziądz: 111-120 (in Polish).

  • Krithika R. Purvaja R. Ramesh R. 2008 Fluxes of methane and nitrous oxide from an Indian mangrove Curr. Sci. 94(2): 218-224.

  • Matthews C. J. D. Joyce E. M. St. Louis V. L. Schiff S. L. Venkiteswaran J. J. Hall B. D. (drew) Bodaly R. A. Beaty K. G. 2005 Carbon dioxide and methane production in small reservoirs flooding upland boreal forest Ecosystems 8: 267-285.

  • Rastogi M. Singh S. Pathak H. 2002 Emission of carbon oxide in soil Curr. Sci. 82(5): 510-517.

  • Søvik A. K. Kløve B. 2007 Emission of N2O and CH4 from a constructed wetland in southeastern Norway Sci. Total Environ. 380: 28-37.

  • St. Louis V. L. Kelly C. A. Duchemin E. Rudd J. W. M. Rosenberg D. M. 2000 Reservoir surfaces as sources of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere: a global estimate BioScience 50(9): 766-775.

  • Tomaszek J. A. 1995 Ochrona i rekultywacja zbiornika zaporowego w Rzeszowie (Protection and reclamation of Rzeszów Reservoir) Proceedings of XVI Symposium of Polish Committee IAWQ Zabrze: 133-150 (in Polish).

  • Tomaszek J. A. Czerwieniec E. 2000 In situ chamber denitrification measurements in reservoir sediments: an example from southeast Poland Ecol. Eng. 16: 61-71.

  • Trojanowska A. Kurasiewicz M. 2009 Potencjał metanogeniczny osadów wybranych zbiorników zaporowych w Polsce (Methanogenic potential of sediments in selected Polish dam reservoirs) [in:] W. Marszelewski (ed.) Anthropogenic and natural transformations of lakes. Vol. 3 PTLim Toruń: 229-234 (in Polish).

  • Wilcock R. J. Sorrell B. K. 2008 Emission of greenhouse gases CH4 and N2O from low-gradient streams in agriculturally developed catchments Water Air Soil Poll. 188: 155-170.

  • Xing Y. Xie P Yang H. Ni L. Wang Y. Rong K. 2005 Methane and carbon dioxide fluxes from a shallow hyper-eutrophic subtropical Lake in China Atmos. Environ. 39: 5532-5540.

  • Zimov S. A. Voroaev Y. V. Semiletov I. P Davidov S. P. Prosiannikov S. F. Chapin III F. S. Chapin M. C. Trumbore S. Tyler S. 1997 North Siberian Lakes: a methane source fueled by Pleistocene carbon Science 227: 800-802.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 287 178 3
PDF Downloads 118 91 1