The conceptual and semantic shift of “noble” and its synonyms as a case of semiosis

Open access

Abstract

The paper explores the interrelation between the socially biased phenomena, affecting the conceptual domain of “knighthood” in the XIII-XV centuries. Nobility and knighthood as interrelated conceptual entities became increasingly complicated, due to cultural semiosis, which brought about drastic conceptual and semantic changes in the adjectives under scrutiny: worthy, noble, gentle. The analysis of corpus and lexicographic material as well as romances of the period demonstrated that conceptual changes became the major triggers for the large-scale semantic changes within the category.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Akhmanova O.S. & Idzelis R. (1979). Linguistics and semiotics. Moscow. Moscow University Press.

  • Arakin V.D. (2007). Essays on the history of the English language. Moscow: FISMALIT. / Arakin V.D. Ocherki po istorii anglijskogo jazyka. Moskva: FIZMALIT. / Аракин В.Д. Очерки по истории английского язика. Москва: ФИЗМАТЛИТ.

  • Ardila A. (2016). L.S. Vygotsky in the 21st century. In Psychology in Russia: State of the art 9 (4) p. 4-15.

  • Baum R. (1977). Emile Benvenistes Auseinandersetzung mit dem sprachtheoretischen Ansatz Ferdinand de Saussures. In Systemlinguistik und Sprechakt IF 82 p. 1-38.

  • Beckner C. Blythe R. Bybee J. et al. (2009). Language is a complex adaptive system: Position paper. In Language learning 59 p. 1-26.

  • Benveniste E. (1979). Problemes de linguistique generale Paris: Collection Tel.

  • Berdnikova D. (2011). Nobility as a marker of mentality in Medieval England (based on Anglo-Scottish ballads). In Language and linguistic activity in the interdisciplinary space: a collection of articles of the international conference. Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg University of economics and finance p. 111-114. / Berdnikova D. Znatnost’ kak pokazatel’ mentaliteta v srednevekovoj Anglii (na primere anglo-shotlandskikh skazok. In Jazyk i rechevaja dejatel’nost’ v mezhdistsiplinarnom prostranstve: Sbornik statej po materialam mezhdunarodnoj konferencii: Sankt-Petersburg: Sankt-Petersburgskij Universitet ekonomiki i finansov s. 111-114. / Бердникова Д. Знатность как показатель менталитета в средневековой Англии (на примере англо-шотландских сказок). In Язык и речевая деятельность в междисциплинарном пространстве: Сборник статей по материалам международной конференции. Санкт-Петербург: Санкт-Петербургcкий Государственный университет экономики и финансов c. 111-114.

  • Baudouin de Courtenay I.A. (1963). Selected papers in linguistics in two volumes. Moscow: The publishing house of USSR Academy of sciences. Vol. 2. / Boduen de Kurtene I.A. Izbrannye raboty po jazykoznaniju: v 2 tomakh. Tom 2. Moskva: Izdatel’stvo Akademii nauk SSSR. / Бодуэн де Куртенэ И.А. Избранные работы по языкознанию: в 2 томах. Том 2. Москва: Издательство Академии наук СССР.

  • Biber D. Conrad S. & Reppen R. (1998). Corpus linguistics: Investigating language structure and use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Binder J.R. Desai R.H. Graves W.W. & Conant L.L. (2009). Where is the semantic system? A critical review and meta-analysis of 120 functional neuroimaging studies. In Cerebral cortex 19 (12) p. 2767-2796.

  • Blank A. (1999). Why do new meanings occur? A cognitive typology of the motivations for lexical semantic change. In Historical semantics and cognition Blank A. & Koch P. (eds.). Berlin-New York: Mouton de Gruyter p. 61-89.

  • Blank A. (2003). Words and concepts in time: Towards diachronic cognitive onomasiology. In Words in time. Diachronic semantics from different points of view 143. Eckardt R. von Heusinger K. & Schwarze C. (eds.). Berlin-New York: Walter de Gruyter p. 37-65.

  • Bosworth & Toller Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. Available at: http://bosworth.ff.cuni.cz/

  • Brandt L. (2008). Literary studies in the age of cognitive science. In Cognitive semiotics 2 (Supplement) p. 6-4.

  • Brandt P.A. (2004). Spaces domains and meaning. Essays in cognitive semiotics. European semiotics series 4. Bern: Peter Lang.

  • Cobley P. & Randviir A. (2009). Sociosemiotics. In The Routledge companion to semiotics. London: Routledge p. 118-135.

  • Collazos M. (2016). Design semiotics with an agentive approach: An alternative to current semiotic analysis of artifacts. In Meaning mind and communication. Explorations in cognitive semiotics Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang p. 83-99.

  • CONLEE J. W. (1998). Prose Merlin. Kalamazoo Mich Published for TEAMS in association with the University of Rochester by Medieval Institute Publications Western Michigan University.

  • Corpus methods for semantics: Quantitative studies in polysemy and synonymy 43. (2014). Glynn D. & Robinson J.A. (eds.). Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

  • Clausner T.C. & Croft W. (1999). Domains and image schemas. In Cognitive linguistics 10 p. 1-32.

  • Duggan A.J. (2000) Introduction. In Nobles and nobility in medieval Europe: Concepts origins transformations. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd.

  • Dummet M. (1993). What is a theory of meaning? In The seas of language. Oxford: Oxford University Press p. 34-93.

  • Eco U. (1986). Semiotics and the philosophy of language. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

  • Evans V. (2009). How words mean: Lexical concepts cognitive models and meaning-construction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Field P. (1971). Romance and chronicle: a study of Malory’s prose style. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

  • Field P. (1982) [2008]. Introduction. Le Morte Darthur the seventh and eighth tales. The London Medieval and Renaissance series. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.

  • Ford B. (1992). Cambridge cultural history of Britain: Modern Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Frank R.M. & Gontier N. (2010). On constructing a research model for historical cognitive linguistics (HCL): Some theoretical considerations. In Historical cognitive linguistics 47 Cognitive linguistics series. Berlin-New York: Mouton De Gruyter p. 31-69.

  • Frege G. (1948). Sense and reference. In The philosophical review 57 (3) p. 209-230.

  • Geeraerts D. (2010). Salience phenomena in the lexicon. A typology. In Words and other wonders. Papers on lexical and semantic topics. Cognitive linguistics series Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter p. 74-96.

  • Geeraerts D. (2016). The sociosemiotic commitment. In Cognitive linguistics 27 (4) p. 527-542.

  • Geeraerts D. Grondelaers S. et al. (1999). What’s in a word: Lexicology. In Cognitive exploration of language and linguistics. Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing p. 25-50.

  • Goodwin Ch. (2000). Action and embodiment within human situated interaction. In Journal of Pragmatics 32 p. 1489-1522.

  • Gravett Ch. (2008). Knight noble warrior of England 1200-1600. Oxford: Osprey Publishing.

  • Halliday M. (1978). Language as a social semiotic. London: Edward Arnold.

  • Harder P. (2010). Meaning in mind and society: A functional contribution to the social turn in cognitive linguistics. Cognitive linguistics research [CLR]. Berlin-New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

  • Heine B. (1997). Cognitive foundations of grammar. New York: Oxford University Press.

  • Hjelmslev L. (1969) Prolegomena to a theory of language. Madison Milwaukee and London: The University of Wisconsin Press.

  • Jackendoff R. (1983). Semantics and cognition. Cambridge: MIT Press.

  • Jackendoff R. (2002). Foundations of language: brain meaning grammar evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Kennedy B. (1992). Knighthood in the Morte Darthur 2nd ed. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer.

  • Kennedy E.D. (1994). The stanzaic Morte Arthur: The adaptation of a French romance for an English audience. In Culture and the king: The social implications of the Arthurian legend: essays in honor of Valerie M. Lagorio. Shichtman M.B. & Carley J.P. (eds.). Albany: State University of New York Press p. 91-112.

  • Komova T.A. (1990). Modal verb in language and discourse. Moscow: Moscow University Press. / Komova T.A. Modal’nyj glagol v yazyke i rechi. Moskva: Izdatel’stvo MGU. / Комова Т.А. Модальный глагол в языке и речи. Москва: Издательство МГУ.

  • Komova T.A. & Sharapkova A.A. (2017). Worthiness or nobility? Semantic changes of the category of “NOBILITY” (based on “Canterbury tales” by G. Chaucer). In Akhmanov’s readings conference proceedings (December 23 2016) Moscow State University Moskva: Universitetskaja kniga p. 44-59. / Komova T.A. Sharapkova A.A. Doblest’ ili znatnost’? Izmenenija v semantike kategorii “blagorodstvo” (na materiale “Kenterberijskikh rasskazov” Dzh. Chosera). In Akhmanovskie chtenija materialy konferentsii (Dekabr’ 23 2016). Moskovskij Gosudarstvennyj Universitet Moskva: Universitetskaja kniga MAKS-press s. 44-59. / Комова Т.А. Шарапкова А.А. Доблесть или знатность? Изменения в семантике категории “благородство” (на материале “Кентерберийских рассказов” Дж. Чосера). In Ахмановские чтения материалы конференции (Декабрь 23 2016) Московский Государственный Университет. Москва: Университeтcкая книга c. 44-59.

  • Koubriakova E.S. (1996). Concept. In A concise dictionary of cognitive terms. Koubriakova E.S. (ed.) Moscow: Moscow University Press p. 90-93. / Koubryakova E.S. Kontsept. In Kratkij slovar’ kognitivnykh terminov. Koubryakova E.S. (red.) Moskva: Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta s. 90-93. / Кубрякова Е.С. Концепт. In Краткий словарь когнитивных терминов. Кубрякова Е.С. (ред.) Москва: Издательство МГУ с. 90-93.

  • Koubriakova E.S. (1978). Parts of speech in the onomasiological framework. Moscow: Nauka. / Koubryakova E.S. Chasti rechi v onomasiologicheskom osveshenii. Moscow: Nauka. / Кубрякова Е.С. Части речи в ономасиологическом освещении. Москва: Наука.

  • Lakoff G. (1997). Women fire and dangerous things. What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

  • Levinson S.C. (1997). From outer to inner space: Linguistic categories and non-linguistic thinking. In Language and conceptualization. Nuyts J. & Pederson E. (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press p. 13-45.

  • Lewis C. (1960). Studies in words. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Malory Syr T. (1997). Le Morte Darthur. Ann Arbor Mich.: University of Michigan Humanities. Print source: Le Morte dArthur Syr Thomas Malory Caxton William ca. 1422-1491 Sommer H.O. (ed.) b. 1861. London: David Nutt 1889. Available at: https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=cme;idno=MaloryWks2

  • Manerko L. (2016). Towards understanding of conceptualisation in cognitive terminology. In Lege artis. Language yesterday today tomorrow. The journal of University of SS Cyril and Methodius in Trnava. Warsaw: De Gruyter Open 2016 vol. I (2) December 2016 p. 129-170. DOI: 10.1515/lart-2016-0012

  • Methods of cognitive analysis of word’s semantics: Computer and corpus approaches. (2015). Zabotkina V. (ed.). Moscow: Jazyki slavjanskoj kul’tury – translation. / Metody kognitivnogo analiza semantiki slova: kompjuterno-korpusnyj podkhod. Zabotkina V. (ed.). Moscow: Jazyki slavjanskoj kul’tury. / Методы когнитивного анализа семантики cлова: компьютерно-корпусный подход. Заботкина B.И. (ред.). Москва: Языки славянской культуры.

  • Merlin: or the early history of King Arthur: a prose romance. (1997). Wheatley H.B. (ed.). Ann Arbor Mich.: University of Michigan Humanities Text Initiative. Available at: https://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/cme/Merlin?rgn=main;view=toc

  • Middle English Dictionary. Available at: https://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/med

  • Mills Ch. (1825). The history of chivalry or knighthood and its times. London: Longman Hurst Rees Orme Brown & Green.

  • Nazarova T.B. (1996). Linguistic and literary semiotics. In Applied semiotics / Sémiotique appliquée 1 (1) University of Toronto p. 19-28.

  • Nazarova Т.B. (1994). Philology and semiotics. Contemporary English language: A monograph. Moscow: Vysšaya škola. / Nazarova T.B. Filologiya i semiotika. Sovremennyj anglijskij jazyk: Monografiya. Moskva: Vysshaya shkola. / Назарова Т.Б. Филология и семиотика. Современный английский язык: Монография. Москва: Высшая школа.

  • Nietzsche F. (2006). On the genealogy of morality. Keith A. (ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Nöth W. (2014). The growth of signs. In Sign systems studies 42 (2/3) p. 172-192.

  • Quirk R. & Stein G. (1993). English in use. United Kingdom: Longman Publishers. Oxford English Dictionary. Electronic edition. Ver: 4.0.0.1

  • Potebnya A.A. (1999). Thought and language. Moscow: Labyrinth. / Potebnja A.A. Mysl’ i jazyk. Moskva: Labirint. / Потебня А.А. Мысль и язык. Москва: Лабиринт.

  • Rundblad G. & Kronenfeld D. (2003). The semantic structure of lexical fields: Variation and change. In Words in time. Diachronic semantics from different points of view. Eckardt R. Heusinger K. von & Schwarze C. (eds.). Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs (143). Berlin-New York: Mouton de Gruyter p. 67-114.

  • Saussure F. de. (1959). Course in general linguistics. New York: Columbia University Press.

  • Sandor A. (2015). Siginification meaning and the text level of language review and modification of Benveniste’s theory of language and language use. In Indogermanische Forschungen 94 (1) p. 45-66.

  • The concise Oxford dictionary of English language. (1993). Hoad T.F. (ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • The handbook of language emergence. (2015). MacWhinney B. & O’Grady W. (eds.). Oxford: Wiley Blackwell.

  • Toporov V. (1995). Myth. Ritual. Symbol. Image: studies in mythopoetics. Selected papers. Moscow: Progress. / Toporov V. Mif. Ritual. Simvol. Obraz: Issledovanija v oblasti mifopojeticheskogo: Izbrannoe. Moskva: Progress. / Топоров В. Миф. Ритуал. Символ. Образ: Исследования в области мифопоэтического. Избранные труды. Москва: Прогресс.

  • Tylén K. Fusaroli R. Bundgaard P.F. & Østergaard S. (2013). Making sense together: A dynamical account of linguistic meaning-making. In Semiotica 194 p. 39-62.

  • Uspensky B. (1996). Semiotics of history semiotics of culture. Selected papers. Moscow: Yazyki russkoi kultury. / Uspensky B. Semiotika istorii. Semiotika kul’tury. Izbrannyje trudy. Moskva: Yazyki russkoj kultury. / Успенский Б. Семиотика истории семиотика культуры. Избранные труды. Москва: Языки русской культуры.

  • Vennemann Th. (2012). Athel and its relatives: Origin and decline of a noble family of words. In English Studies 93 (8) p. 950-986.

  • Vygotsky L.S. (2012). Thought and language. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

  • Winters M. (2010). Introduction: On the emergence of diachronic cognitive linguistics. In Historical cognitive linguistics. Winters M. E. Tissari H. & Allan K. (eds.). Berlin-New York: Walter de Gruyter p. 3-27.

  • Zalesova N. (2009). Formation and perception of the image of a gentleman in language and culture of the USA. Thesis for the Candidate Degree in Philology Speciality 10.02.04 – Germanic Languages. Moscow: Moscow Lomonosov State University. / Zalesova N. Formirovanie i vosprijatie obraza dzhentel’mena v jazyke i kul’ture SShA. Dissertatsiya na soiskaniye stepeni kandidata filologicheskikh nauk. Moskva: Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet. / Залесова Н. Формирование и восприятие образа джентльмена в языке и культуре США. / Диссертация на соискание степени кандидата филологических наук. / Московский государственный университет. 10.02.04 – германские языки. Москва.

  • Zlatev J. Sonesson G. & Konderak P. (2016). Introduction: Cognitive semiotics comes of age. In Meaning mind and communication. Explorations in cognitive semiotics. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang p. 9-31.

Search
Journal information
Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 600 452 3
PDF Downloads 541 496 3